THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary
REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT AND THE FIRST LADY AT WOMEN'S HEALTH EVENT The East Room
3:15 P.M. EST
MRS. CLINTON: Welcome to the East Room, and happy New Year. It is wonderful to see so many friends here, gathered to mark the passage of not only a year, but so much progress on behalf of women and women's health, and in particular, the Breast and Cervical Act of 2000. (Applause.)
You know, there are a lot of wonderful achievements that we can look back on over the last eight years. But I don't think anything has been more rewarding than working with all of you in this room, and so many others around our country, to put health care and particularly women's and children's health on the very top of our national agenda, where they now are and where they must remain. (Applause.)
And there are many people to thank here. I could actually use up all my time, plus the President's and everyone else's, thanking all of you. But let me just mention a few people who deserve special mention. Let me start with the longest serving and best Secretary of HHS, Donna Shalala. (Applause.)
There are many reasons why Donna, in my view, will be recorded in history as the best Secretary of HHS, but one of those reasons started in this room eight years ago, when we had the first meeting of the Breast Cancer Advocates who came to the White House with all of those petitions. And the President promised -- (applause.) The President promised there would be a national action plan against breast cancer, and Donna Shalala was given the responsibility of shepherding that. And we have seen so much progress because of it. (Applause.)
I also want to thank the Director of OPM, Janice Lachance, who is here, who has used -- (applause) -- has used the authority given to her to make the federal government a model employer, especially in the health care that it provides for its workers. And I was pleased that as of New Year's Day, mental health parity will be considered part of the federal health plan. (Applause.)
And there are members of Congress who are here who have been such stalwart supporters of everything that has been achieved. And I particularly want to thank Louise Slaughter, and Rosa DeLauro, and Sharon Brown, and Anna Eshoo. (Applause.) You know, there were a lot of champions for this bill, but nobody started and persisted and continued to the very end, when we finally got it signed, the way Anna Eshoo did. (Applause.)
And there are other members of Congress who also deserve to be mentioned: Sue Myrick, Rick Lazio, the late John Chafee, Senators Barbara Mikulski and Olympia Snowe, and my predecessor, Daniel Patrick Moynihan, all of whom worked in the Congress to make the Breast and Cervical Cancer Act the law of the land.
And in a few minutes, we're going to hear from someone who will share with us her personal story. Tonia Conine came all the way from Oklahoma City to talk about the difficulty she has faced in affording treatment for her breast cancer. And for all of us who fought hard to ensure that no woman, because of economic circumstances, who is diagnosed with either breast or cervical cancer will again have to make the horrible choices between foregoing care or accruing massive debt -- we'll know that our work has really been important because of the story that Tanya will share with us.
I also want to thank, especially Fran Visco and the National Breast Cancer Coalition -- (applause) -- and with us, as well, is Dr. Dileep Bal, representing the American Cancer Society, the National Medical Association, the NAACP, the Breast Cancer Resources Committee, and everyone else who has made this great achievement possible.
Now, I know that many of you have heard my story about the first time I met Fran and the other NBCC members during the 1992 campaign. And on the way to the meeting that we had scheduled in Williamsburg, the advocates were on a bus that broke down. And so they ended up hitchhiking. And some hitched rides with truckers, they climbed into sheriff's cars and, of course, they all made it to the meeting on time.
I always thought that was a pretty good metaphor for the determination of all of the survivors and the other advocates in this room and around the country who have worked tirelessly for themselves, for their daughters, for their sisters, for their friends, and to improve generally the health of women and children.
Well, it's paying off, and we have a lot to be grateful for. But we have a lot of work still ahead of us. There are still too many people who don't have access to quality health care, and we can't forget that. We have to keep fighting to make sure that we not only put the dollars into research that will create the breakthroughs that will be translated into the treatments. But we have to make sure that those treatments are affordable and available to everyone who needs them.
It's hard to imagine that this administration is drawing to a close. And I think sometimes Bill and I are overcome with our memories, but we have to keep focused on the future, as well. And I want to mention just a few other of the accomplishments that are represented by the women here, because those, too, were part of the success of this last Congress, under the President's leadership.
There are people here today who helped us enact and reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act. (Applause.) And because of that, we know there are more women and children who now have a hotline to call, a shelter to go to, and a judge, a doctor or a police officer who will offer help when it's needed most.
There are people here who helped us enact and then helped spread the word on the Children's Health Insurance Program, known as CHIP. And particularly, I want to thank everyone who was part of the Children's Health Act of 2000. That was a very important bill that didn't get a lot of attention when it was passed and signed into law this fall because of the election -- like so many other things, it didn't really get the spotlight it deserved. But there are many, many people who are grateful that you worked so hard on this bill.
Children with autism, fragile X, diabetes, asthma, epilepsy and other conditions now have more help because of this commitment we have made to fight diseases that disproportionately affect these people. (Applause.)
I know also many of us in this room have been on the forefront of the fight to improve reproductive health, and that has often been in the face of great opposition. From the very first days of this administration, we have seen what it means to have a pro-choice President and a pro-choice administration. (Applause.)
You know that meant overturning the gag rule on the very first week in office. It meant historic increases in domestic and international family planning -- which I have personally seen the benefits of all over the world. It's meant working to protect women and their doctors from harassment, intimidation and violence at reproductive health clinics. Now it up to every single one of us to ensure that we don't turn back the clock on women's health. We've made a lot of gains, but nothing is written in concrete, and much of what we have achieved can be undone by legal, legislative or executive changes. And we will have to be vigilant and work very hard to make sure that doesn't happen.
I hope that the year ahead will only increase our commitment to ensuring equity and fairness in health care financing and access to affordable quality health care, that will pass Louise Slaughter's bill against genetic discrimination. (Applause.) But we will not be able to achieve that if we don't ban together and make sure our voices are heard.
I am looking forward to working with people on both sides of the aisle in both the House and the Senate to make sure that the fight to improve women's and children's health continues, and I look forward to working with all of the advocates. Because, to me, the achievements of the last eight years are best understood not in terms of the dollars that we've accumulated for research or that we've put into treatment, not even in terms of the legislative accomplishments like the Breast and Cervical Cancer Act, but in the stories of individual women who come up to me, or write me, or talk on a program, and tell the world what it has meant that all of a sudden their needs and problems were given the attention that they deserved to have.
And one such women who really does represent so many others is with us today. I'd like to introduce her to come and share with you the importance of the commitment you have made, as represented in the passage of this act and so much else we've done together the last eight years.
Please welcome Tonia Conine. (Applause.)
THE PRESIDENT: Well, first, I think we all should thank Tonia again for coming all the way from Oklahoma -- where it's been hazardous even to drive around, if you've been seeing -- (laughter.) Oklahoma and my native state of Arkansas have been one big icicle for the last several days. And she came all the way up here to try to make sure that no other woman ever has to go through what she has. And I think she did a terrific job. (Applause.)
I'd also like to thank Senator Clinton -- god, what a kick. (Laughter.) This is the first time I've been able to say that. (Applause.) I'm still getting used to saying that. I kind of like it, you know -- who has been such a vital part of all the progress we've made in women and children's health here in the United States and throughout the world, and who will continue to lead on these issues in the United States Senate.
I thank, as Hillary did, Secretary Shalala for all she has done, right up until the 11th hour. Just a few days ago, we were announcing our medical privacy regulations, which I think are profoundly important, and I thank her. (Applause.)
And as Hillary said, Janice Lachance, at Office of Personnel Management, has kept us on the forefront of employers, in setting a good example. And she, in the 11th hour -- even later -- announced that we were going to have parity for mental health, something that Tipper Gore has worked so hard for and something that you have made real for the federal employees and their families. And I thank you for that. (Applause.)
I'd also like to thank someone who never gets mentioned, but has literally done virtually -- is responsible for virtually everything I have done on health care for eight years, Mr. Chris Jennings. Thank you, Chris, wherever you may be. (Applause.) Thank you.
I, too, want to thank our friends, Anna Eshoo, Louise Slaughter, Sherrod Brown, Rosa DeLauro for joining us today, and for all those who worked with them on this important legislation and for all the things that they have tried to do. Hillary mentioned the genetic discrimination law. I think that's very important. And there's lots of interest arrayed against Louise and the others who are trying to pass this bill. And I won't be around to help you, but we've got a better distribution in the Congress for people who would like to pass that. And I'll say more about this at the end of my remarks.
But, as I imagine, what we want people to find out about themselves and their conditions, and what we can do to lengthen life and improve the quality of life, it's only going to work if we have some protection against discrimination. When you find out something that you really need to know, but somebody will use against you , you wind up having more people in the same shape Tonia was in, if we permit genetic discrimination. Instead of lengthening life, we're going to cut short work lives and a lot of other problems if we don't pass it.
So I urge you all to please hang in there with this vast group, and try to pass a bill against genetic discrimination so that we can move on to the next chapter of this grand struggle.
Now, mostly what we're here to do today is to mark the progress that we've made in women's and children's health -- thanks to the dramatic increase in funding for research and the provision of more health care options for women and children; thanks to your stand against discrimination and violence directed at women and for a woman's right to choose. So many of you advocates for women and children, women's health, breast and cervical cancer groups, have never stopped fighting since -- certainly since the day I got here. (Laughter.) I thought I had a lot of energy until I met all of you. (Laughter.) And you have, on occasion, worn me out. (Laughter.)
But in the bill we come to particularly talk about today, you have proved once again that when Americans put the people of this country first, when they look at the human dimensions of a challenge, there are literally no limits to what we can achieve together. And so again I want to thank all of you for what you've done and what we'll go on to do.
With regard to breast and cervical cancer, I just wanted to reemphasize that we know what works -- early detection, prompt treatment, and a commitment to research until a cure is found. And we have to stay on all three approaches.
More than 180,000 women will be diagnosed with breast or cervical cancer this year in the United States. Too many Americans still will lose a sister, a daughter, a friend or a mother. And too many women will be unable to pay for health care that will dramatically improve or even save their lives.
Everybody who knows anything about this disease knows this delay can be fatal -- literally. And still, too many uninsured women face a curious patchwork of care or inadequate care or no care at all. We know that women who are uninsured -- listen to this -- are 40 percent more likely to die from breast cancer than women with insurance. I know the worst licking I took in the last eight years was when I tried to provide health insurance to everybody. But when I hear a statistic like that, I still think we need to keep going until everybody's got health insurance. (Applause.)
Now, there's more than one way to do it. The Children's Health Insurance Program -- when we tried in '94, the budget was in deficit and the economy was still not fully recovered. We could neither raise the money, nor require employers to come up with it. That's fundamentally what happened. We didn't have the economic circumstances to create a comprehensive network. But the Children's Health Insurance Program, alone, as it's being implemented, has led us to the first reduction in the number of people without health insurance in a dozen years. And that's good. (Applause.)
Now, the Breast and Cervical Cancer Treatment Act, which built on the previous work we did to provide preventive screenings under Medicare and to include more women in clinical trials -- both of which were also quite important for the long run issues -- this allows states to extend full Medicaid benefits to women who are diagnosed with these cancers, but don't have insurance. Every year it will help to get prompt and quality care to thousands who might otherwise not receive care, or be bankrupted by the cost of it.
Today, we're taking two new steps to help bring down these barriers earlier. First, we are releasing new guidelines for states to explain their options under the Breast and Cervical Treatment Act. I don't want to have the same kind of take-up time with this we had with the Children's Health Insurance Program. We need to move on this in a hurry, and you can help with that.
These guidelines will explain how to get federal matching dollars to fund care. When women are diagnosed with cancer through federally-funded screening programs, states may now enroll them in Medicaid right away. Doctors and hospitals may start providing care immediately, even before the paperwork is processed. It's very important. And we hope that these guidelines will free more state funds for breast cancer screening. If all this happens, and it happens in a hurry, we will save a lot of lives every year. (Applause.)
Second, because we want the federal government to be a model employer, I'm directing every agency to help every employee have the time to get checked for cancer and other preventable diseases every year. This is an important step for everyone, and particularly for women. To take just one example, for women ages 50 to 69, regular mammograms reduce the risk of death by breast cancer by 30 percent. From now on, every one of our 1.8 million federal employees who need it will have up to four hours of leave available every year for preventive screenings. (Applause.) I hope this will spur other employers to take similar actions.
With these steps, as well as the Children's Health Act of 2000 that Hillary mentioned, we've built a strong foundation of research and treatment for those who suffer today, and we've done what we could to ensure that cancer and other diseases will claim fewer victims tomorrow.
But before I close, I just want to remind you, there's a lot of work ahead -- a lot. And all the best stuff is still out there. We have to build on what we have accomplished, and we should not retreat from the advances we've made in reproductive health and family planning. (Applause.)
We want to see healthy mothers and healthy fathers raising healthy children in the United States and all across the world. We have to recognize that we have a unique situation today where we've gone from record deficits to record surpluses, where we can actually invest in health care and education and the other things we need to invest in, have an affordable tax cut, and continue to pay down the debt to keep interest rates low.
If anybody doubts the psychological and financial impact of lower interest rates, all you have to do is look what happened when the Federal Reserve acted yesterday. (Laughter.) And the government -- those of us in political life, or those of you, now that I'm leaving -- (laughter) -- you've got to remember that. If you keep the interest rates low, it's a big old tax cut to everybody, and it keeps the budget in balance, and it provides the funds necessary to invest in these things.
But let me just say again -- and this is particularly important to women, because women still have a longer life expectancy than men, and Americans who live to be 65 have the longest life expectancy of any people in the world, so we have got to modernize and upgrade Medicare and add a prescription drug benefit to it. (Applause.)
And another thing I think is very important, we ought to pass that tax credit for long-term care. More and more people are providing direct health care to their parents or otherwise having to pay for it. And this is going to become a bigger issue. Anybody who lives to be 65 in America today has a life expectancy of nearly 83 years. And it's only going to go up.
I think it is profoundly important to pass the patients' bill of rights. (Applause.) If you look at the reaction you had to Tonia today, and the reaction you had to sort of congratulating yourselves -- as well you should have -- for the passage of the law that we celebrate, and then you imagine every other person in this country today who has got some other kind of cancer or some other kind of health problem, or is going to have an accident that requires some kind of serious health care, we must rededicate ourselves now, when we are financially solvent, to the proposition that we're going to do more to expand health care coverage for the millions of people who still don't have it. (Applause.) And again, we've learned over the last six years that if we focus on discrete populations and build bipartisan support, we can get this done.
And I still believe the biggest numbers out there and the greatest need are the parents of the children who are in this Children's Health Insurance Program, because a lot of them are getting their kids insured now, but they don't have health insurance, and they're not insured at work, they're working for modest wages. And we can afford to do that. That would take about -- if we did it right, we'd get rid of about 25 percent of the uninsured population, including those least able to pay.
Then I think we should focus on the people who quit work at 55 and can't get Medicare until 65. And with a tax credit, we can enable them to buy into Medicare without bankrupting Medicare, without taking down the trust fund at all -- it's at a 25-year high now. And we'd really be taking some of the most generally vulnerable populations. So I hope you will continue to work on that.
And let me just say, looking ahead, we have roughly doubled spending on medical research in the last six years or so. We have announced this year the sequencing of the human genome. A little over a year ago, the two genetic variations that are high predictors of breast cancer were identified.
Now, what all this means is, first of all, that we're going to be able to prevent more diseases; secondly, we're going to have quicker treatment. I am convinced that the development of so-called nanotechnology, which will enable us to have, for example, computer storage capacity on things the size of a teardrop that are bigger than supercomputers today, and will, within a matter of a few years, allow us to go after cancers when they are only a few cells large. Our idea today about identifying a cancer early will seem like, within five years, identifying a cancer in very late stages.
All this is going to change everything for the better. But I will say again, we had to put these privacy rules out that we put out. We've got to pass this anti-discrimination legislation, and we have to make sure that we continue to invest in not only the research, but then the distribution of the wonders through adequate care coverage.
It won't be long before the average young mother will come home with a little gene map of their baby. (Laughter.) And some of them will have really scary things on there, and it will be a burden for some people. But they will also have a list of things that, if the mothers and fathers will do these things, the kids will dramatically increase their chances of living a long, healthy life. And it won't be long until the average mother will bring home a baby with a life expectancy of 90 years or more. Our bodies are actually built to last more than 100 years, if we didn't have all the problems that get in the way along life's way.
But that means we have to reimagine all this. And it means that the role of citizen lobbyists and citizen activists will become more and more important, because we are literally just at the beginning of building the kind of health care system that will be adequate to the 21st century.
And I'm telling you, most of it is going to be really good. But it's going to change the practice of medicine. It's going to change the way the health care delivery system is organized. It's going to provide all kinds of new challenges. And we're going to have to figure out how to get people who need to know it all this stuff that's out there without letting somebody else take advantage of them, financially or otherwise.
I can hardly think of a more exciting time in the entire history of the health sciences. And I believe that in the lifetime of people in this room, the cure rate for breast and cervical cancer will go through the roof. The prevention rate will escalate for all kinds of major cancers; the cure rate for prostate cancer will go through the roof. And once we get the technology down, when we merge the human genome with the microtechnology necessary to identify and zap cancers when they're just in infant stages that are presently unidentifiable, the whole world will be very different.
You can all participate in that. But these decisions do not happen by accident. People who have other things to think about have to make decisions about how to allocate public funds for research. People who are under all different kinds of pressures have to make decisions about which bills will pass and which won't, in terms of extending coverage. And you have to enter this fray with the same energy that you brought to this fight. And just remember, all the best stuff is still out there. Go get it.
Thank you and God bless you.
END 3:53 P.M. EST