Office of the Press Secretary
For Immediate Release December 8, 2000
A Foreign Policy for the Global Age
Today, at the University of Nebraska at Kearney, President Clinton spoke
about the role America has played in the world during the last several
years, the principles that have guided the Administration's foreign
policy and the path we should take in the future.
The broad outlines of a foreign policy for the global age are reflected
in the principles that have guided the Clinton Administration's foreign
policy over the past eight years.
OUR ALLIANCES WITH EUROPE AND ASIA ARE THE CORNERSTONE OF OUR
NATIONAL SECURITY, BUT THEY MUST BE CONSTANTLY ADAPTED TO MEET EMERGING
CHALLENGES. These core alliances are today stronger and arguably more
durable because they are organized to advance a permanent set of shared
interests, rather than to defeat a single threat. President Clinton
broke new ground in 1993 by welcoming our European and Asian allies'
desire to play a more responsible role while maintaining our troops and
adapting our alliances in both regions.
Working for a Peaceful, Democratic, Undivided Europe
-- Revitalized, adapted and expanded NATO from a static Cold War
alliance to a magnet for new democracies, with new partners, members and
missions; adapted its command structure; admitted Hungary, Poland and
the Czech Republic; created Partnership for Peace.
-- Led NATO in its first military engagement and stopped the killing
in Bosnia. The peace we brokered in Dayton has been sustained, a civil
society complete with active opposition parties and non-governmental
organizations is taking root, and national and local elections have
taken place throughout the country.
-- Took military action in Kosovo to stop ethnic cleansing and
regional instability. Forced withdrawal of Serb forces and deployed an
international presence in Kosovo-- with a 47,000 strong NATO-led force
providing security for the province. Achieved the safe and
unconditional return of over 900,000 refugees, disbanded the Kosovo
Adapting and Upholding our Alliance with Asia
-- Updated our strategic alliance with Japan through adoption of the
Defense Guidelines and Joint Security Declaration to define how to
respond together to post-Cold War threats.
-- Reduced the North Korean threat through deterrence, diplomacy.
Negotiated the October 1994 Framework Agreement to freeze and dismantle
North Korea's dangerous nuclear weapons fuel production and a moratorium
on long-range missile testing in 1999.
-- Strengthened cooperation with South Korea to move forward to engage
North Korea. Jointly engaged in Four Party Talks and established
Trilateral Group (the United States, Japan and South Korea) to
coordinate North Korea policy which helped create the conditions for an
eventual North-South dialogue.
2. PEACE AND SECURITY FOR THE UNITED STATES DEPENDS ON BUILDINGPRINCIPLED, CONSTRUCTIVE, CLEAR-EYED RELATIONS WITH OUR FORMER
ADVERSARIES. We must continue to be mindful of threats to the peace
while maximizing the chances that both nations evolve internally toward
greater democracy, stability and prosperity. To achieve both goals, we
must continue to seize on the desire of both Russia and China to
participate in the global economy and global institutions, insisting
they accept the obligations as well as the benefits of integration.
Building on Our Relationship with Russia
-- Negotiated the exit of Russian troops from the Baltics, brought
Russian troops into NATO missions in the Balkans and won Russia's active
support for a just end to the Kosovo war.
-- Brought Russia into the G-8, APEC, into a relationships with NATO
and international financial institutions.
-- Reduced the nuclear danger. Deactivated/dismantled over 1,700
nuclear warheads, 300 missile launchers, 425 ICBM and SLBMs;
strengthened security and accounting of nuclear materials; purchased 500
metric tons of weapons-grade uranium; reached agreement for the safe,
transparent and irreversible destruction of 68 metric tons of
-- Supported economic reform and the creation of a market economy.
Over 250,000 Russian entrepreneurs have received U.S. training,
consulting services or loans. Today 70% of the Russian economy is in
Building on Our Relationship with China
-- Helped maintain peace in the Taiwan Straits and worked with China
to maintain stability on Korean Peninsula.
-- Brought China into global non-proliferation regimes -- Chemical
Weapons Convention, CTBT and Biological Weapons Convention.
-- Negotiated terms for China's entry into the World Trade
Organization, with Permanent Normal Trade Relations. Most constructive
breakthrough in U.S.-China relations since normalization in 1979 -- will
entangle China more deeply in a rules-based international system and
change China internally.
3. LOCAL CONFLICTS CAN HAVE GLOBAL CONSEQUENCES. THE PURPOSE OFPEACEMAKING, WHETHER BY DIPLOMACY OR FORCE, MUST BE TO RESOLVE CONFLICTS
BEFORE THEY ESCALATE AND HARM OUR VITAL INTERESTS. In a global age,
arguments for peacemaking are even stronger: to defuse conflicts before
they escalate and harm our interests. America's dominant power is more
likely to be accepted if it is harnessed to the cause of peace.
Middle East: Brought parties together at Camp David for first high
level discussions of all permanent status issues. Helped forge
agreements that led to the Declaration of Principles in September 1993
and the Interim Agreement on Palestinian self-rule in September 1995.
Brokered the Wye agreement in October 1998, revitalizing the peace
process after years of stagnation. Helped broker the Sharm el-Sheikh
Memorandum in September 1999, and the peace treaty between Jordan and
Israel in October 1994.
Balkans: Stabilizing Southeast Europe by ending a decade of
repression and ethnic cleansing in Kosovo. Led NATO alliance to victory
in air campaign and ushering in international peacekeepers. Launched
the Stability Pact to strengthen democracy, economic development and
security throughout the region, and accelerating its integration with
the rest of Europe and freeing Europe from a permanent refugee crisis
and source of conflict.
Greece and Turkey: Encouraged Greek-Turkish rapprochement.
Strongly supported Turkey's EU candidacy. Restarted talks toward a
comprehensive settlement on Cyprus.
India and Pakistan: Helped them move from the brink of what might
have been a catastrophic war in July 1999.
Northern Ireland: Helped broker the Good Friday Peace Accord,
ending decades of bloodshed and empowering the people of Northern
Ireland to determine their future.
Peru and Ecuador: Worked with other regional governments to halt
the 1995 border war between Peru and Ecuador.
Eritrea and Ethiopia: Worked with Organization of African Unity to
broker a cease fire and negotiate a comprehensive peace agreement.
4. NOT ALL OLD THREATS HAVE DISAPPEARED, BUT NEW DANGERS, ACCENTUATEDBY TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES AND THE PERMEABILITY FO BORDERS, REQUIRE NEW
NATIONAL SECURITY PRIORITIES. One of the biggest changes we have
brought about in the way America relates to the world has been the
change in what we consider important. The Clinton Administration has
defined a new security agenda that addresses contemporary threats --
nonproliferation, terrorism, international crime, infectious disease,
Nonproliferation: Permanently eliminated nuclear weapons and their
delivery vehicles from Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Signed the
Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and achieved the indefinite
extension of the Non-Proliferation Treaty and ratification of the
Chemical Weapons Convention.
Terrorism: Developed a national counter-terrorism strategy, led by
a national coordinator. Brought perpetrators of World Trade Center
bombing and CIA killings to justice. Prevented planned attacks against
Cyber Security: Developed first national strategy to protect
critical infrastructure, bringing together private sector and
government. Increased funding on critical infrastructure protection by
over 40% since 1998.
Chemical and Biological Weapons: Strengthened international support
for and adherence to CWC/BWC. Equipped and trained first responders in
120 largest metro areas.
Environment: Brought climate change issues into the mainstream of
our foreign policy. Negotiated Kyoto protocol in 1997 to establish a
strong, realistic framework to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in
environmentally strong and economically sound way.
Infectious Disease: Made the international fight against deadly
infectious diseases a national security priority. Introduced issue to
the U.S.-EU Summit, the U.N. Millennium Assembly, and the G-8 Summit in
Okinawa and mobilized billions from our international partners. More
than doubled foreign assistance for HIV/AIDS. Working to accelerate the
development of vaccines for AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and other major
disease threats through the President's Millennium Vaccine Initiative.
International Crime: Intensified interdiction efforts, cracking
down on drug lords and providing $1.6 billion in assistance for
Colombia. Combating trafficking in persons, especially women and
children, with an integrated strategy that focuses on prevention,
prosecution of traffickers and protection of and assistance to victims.
5. ECONOMIC INTEGRATION ADVANCES BOTH OUR INTERESTS AND OUR VALUES, BUT
ALSO ACCENTUATES THE NEED TO ALLEVIATE ECONOMIC DISPARITY. As the first
president who has understood the connections of the global economy and
its connection to our prosperity, President Clinton has led the United
States toward its greatest expansion in world trade in history -- from
$4 to $6.6 trillion a year, opened markets for U.S. exports abroad and
created American jobs through nearly 300 other free and fair trade
agreements, contributing to the longest economic expansion in our
Completed the Uruguay Round of the GATT negotiations and created
the WTO to reduce tariffs, settle trade disputes and enforce rules.
Ratified the North America Free Trade Association, cementing
strategic trade relationships with our immediate neighbors. U.S.
exports to Mexico grew 109% from 1993 to 1999, compared with growth to
the rest of the world of 49%.
Strong U.S. growth and maintenance of open markets was in no small
measure responsible for the recovery of the Asian economy which again is
fueling global growth.
Helped rescue Mexico's economy with $20 billion in emergency
support loans that were repaid in full with interest.
Supported the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative at the G-7
Summit in Cologne in June 1999, to provide deeper multilateral debt
reduction for poor countries with unsustainable debt burdens.
Won approval of PNTR with China, integrate China into the world
economy through entry into the WTO, open Chinese market to U.S. exports,
slash Chinese tariffs and protect American workers and companies against
Won approval of the Caribbean Basin Initiative enhancement
legislation to promote economic prosperity in Central America and the
Won approval for African Growth and Opportunity Act to support
increased trade and investment between the United States and Africa,
strengthen African economies and democratic governments, increase
partnerships to counter terrorism, crime, environmental degradation and