PRESIDENT CLINTON: PRESERVING AMERICA'S OCEAN TREASURES November 13, 2000
Today, President Clinton signed legislation extending protection for America's special ocean habitats. The President signed the National Marine Sanctuaries Amendments Act of 2000 (S. 1482), thereby extending and improving the management of the nation's 13 marine sanctuaries. Marine sanctuaries protect Florida's fragile coral reefs, lush kelp forests off Monterey Bay and the Channel Islands, nursing grounds for Hawaii's humpback whales, and significant sites in maritime history, including the Civil War's ironclad USS Monitor.
Preserving America's Marine Treasures
Congress established the National Marine Sanctuary Program in 1972, one hundred years after the establishment of Yellowstone National Park, our nation's first National Park. Marine sanctuaries extend this nation's proud conservation ethic to the sea, and today, 13 marine sanctuaries provide increased protections for over 18,000 square miles of ocean habitat. National marine sanctuaries enjoy broad bipartisan support, and President Clinton acknowledged the leadership on this issue of Senators Snowe and Kerry, and Representatives Saxton, Faleomavaega, and Farr. Over the past seven years, the Administration has worked with Congress to increase funding for the sanctuary program fivefold to $26 million, with an additional increase requested for this fiscal year. We have also added new sanctuaries off Massachusetts, Florida, Washington, Hawaii, and, most recently, Michigan.
In administering the marine sanctions, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration works with local citizens to find the best possible solutions to the tough challenges communities face in protecting the marine environment. A recent report by the National Research Council provides strong scientific support for the use of marine protected areas, such as marine sanctuaries, to sustain fisheries, preserve valuable habitats, provide outdoor leisure opportunities, and maintain healthy marine ecosystems. On May 26, President Clinton issued an executive order calling for more effective use of marine protected areas.
Extending Ocean Conservation, Encouraging the Next Generation of
Scientists In signing the National Marine Sanctuaries Amendment Act, the
President reaffirmed this nation's commitment to ocean conservation. In
addition, this Act:
-- Authorizes $32 million in fiscal year 2001, with levels increasing by $2 million a year until fiscal year 2005. It also authorizes $6 million a year in fiscal years 2001 through 2005 to provide the facilities needed to manage these special places. -- Allows for greater protection of the coral reefs off the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, one of four remaining major coral reef complexes little affected by human development. These remote islands are home to 70% of America's coral reefs, as well as endangered monk seals and sea turtles.
-- Establishes the Dr. Nancy Foster Scholarships to recognize outstanding scholarship, particularly by women and minorities, in the fields of oceanography, marine biology, and maritime archeology. The scholarships are named in memory of Dr. Nancy Foster, a 23-year NOAA employee who as director of NOAA's ocean service worked to expand and strengthen the marine sanctuary.
Safeguarding Our Oceans and Coasts. The Clinton-Gore Administration continues to work for healthier beaches and cleaner coastal waters, greater protection for endangered and threatened marine species, sound fisheries management, and support for marine protected areas. To better address long-term challenges, the President and Vice President launched a national dialogue leading to a comprehensive strategy for strengthening federal ocean policy for the 21st century.
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