THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary
INTERVIEW OF THE PRESIDENT BY NBC "TODAY SHOW" COHOST MATT LAUER Joseph Lanzetta School East Harlem, New York
8:08 A.M. EDT
Q Mr. President, good morning, nice to have you here.
THE PRESIDENT: Good morning, Matt. Thank you.
Q I don't think I'm betraying any confidence when I say that I checked with the VH1 people and I said, how did you get the President involved in this campaign? And they threw their arms up and they said, he kind of volunteered --
THE PRESIDENT: That's true.
Q -- I mean, he's called many times and said, what can I do? Why is this so important to you?
THE PRESIDENT: Well, Hillary and I both spent a lot of time on this, and it's important for two reasons. One is, I was in music when I was the age of these children and I know what it can do. And, secondly, I've been very disturbed over the years -- over the last 20 years, more and more, as schools have come under financial pressure they have tended to drop their music programs. You know, the principals have a lot of problems, they have a lot of challenges they have to meet and many times the money is not there. And the school districts have cut a lot of these music programs out all over the country.
And when I heard what VH1 was doing, I did kind of volunteer to get involved. I wrote John Sykes a letter and said, look, I'm for this and I think we've got to get music back into these schools. A lot of young children -- we know that a lot of our young children learn better if they have access to music education. Not everyone learns in the same way, not everyone's brain is stimulated in the same way. And the schools that have vigorous music programs tend to have higher academic performance.
Q What do you say, though -- I mean, let's say, devil's advocated for a second -- I'm a member of the local school board and I sit down and I look at the budget and it's shrinking and I say I've got choices. I have to make cuts. I've got school lunches over here, I have books for the library here, I have music education over here. How do you stop me from cutting music education?
THE PRESIDENT: It depends on what your options are. But very often there are some options. And that's what that wonderful movie about music education here in New York City, "Music of the Heart," was about. But what this program tries to do is to encourage the schools to put some money into music education by giving them extra help with instruments, and sometimes with other support.
And what we've tried to do at the national level with the National Endowment for the Arts and the President's Commission on the Arts and Humanities, that Hillary's the Honorary Chair of, is to constantly support music education to emphasize that the schools that have good music education programs see positive, other academic advancements as a result of it, and of course, try to get some more funds for the lower-income schools out there.
Q But is the message getting out? I mean, you had music education a kid; so did I. We took it for granted. We're now in a time of unprecedented economic prosperity, and still today, only 25 percent of schools across this country offer music education as a basic part of the curriculum.
THE PRESIDENT: See, what a lot of people don't know is, over the last 20 years, and particularly in the last decade or so, while our school populations have been growing again, a smaller percentage of property taxpayers have kids in the schools. And an awful lot of our schools are funded primarily through the property tax. So the schools have had all kinds of financial problems. Their energy bills go up, a lot of them have substandard physical facilities. They have the need to hire more teachers to teach various academic requirements that may have come in. And they don't want to stop any of their competitive athletic proposals.
So the two things that have suffered most in the schools are the music programs and the art programs, on the one hand, and the physical education programs for people who aren't in competitive team sports.
Q But is this the way it's going to be? I mean, when people like VH1 come in and they donate money like this, it's great, but it's private and public partnership. Why can't we find a way, even through the federal government's assistance, to make sure that this is a basic part of education?
THE PRESIDENT: I think we should do that. But the main thing we have to do is to build broader public support for doing it. Let me say, interestingly enough, you asked me the budget question; that's the first question -- well, hat would you do if you had all these tough budget decisions? Our research indicates that the number one factor in whether music education programs stay or come back to schools is strong community involvement pushing for it. In other words, where people at the grassroots want it, the people who make the budget decisions tend to find a way to provide it.
And so, what we can best do, I think, is to point out consistently what the overall educational benefits are, number one; and, number two, to try to get more federal assistance out there to the schools to help deal with their big problems. That's why I'm trying to get the federal government to help with school construction and school repair; to help the school districts hire teachers to lower class sizes, so they don't have to cut out music to hire that extra teacher when the population goes up, and to get the overall aid to low-income schools up.
So if we do those things, and we get the kind of grassroots support we need, then what VH1 will be doing is supplementing a growing trend, instead of trying to fill a huge hole.
Q Is it possible to take it a step further? From what I understand now, the federal government supplies about 9 percent of funding for schools; local and states provide the rest. Can you offer states incentives? Can you say to them, look, we'll provide more funding if you take it upon yourselves to make music education part of your basic curriculum?
THE PRESIDENT: We could do that. I hadn't thought of that, exactly in that way. What we tried to do -- let me just say this. What we've tried to do for the last seven years, since I've been President, is to say, look, here are the nation's education goals. They include music and the arts. And if you come up with a plan to meet those goals, we will give you some help to implement the plan, which included music in the arts.
Basically, the specific targeted dollars we have for schools go to schools that have greater financial need because they've got a higher percentage of low-income kids; or to hire more teachers, generally, because the school population is going up.
I think if we will stay with the position that we're going to help all the schools that have these goals, which include music and the arts; and then we come in with the big ticket items, which are personnel and school building and repair; and we can build the kind of grassroots support we need, then these music programs will be able to survive.
But one of the things that really happened is a lot of folks just took the music programs for granted; a lot of people who were making tough budget decisions assumed nobody would care if they were eliminated. And it was tragic, what happened. So I think what's going to happen -- you'll see a big infusion of public money going back into these programs because of what VH1 has done and because more and more parents will insist on the music being there. And I'll be glad to do whatever I can to help.
Q We're going to take a little break. When we come back, I understand we're joined by another special guest and we'll talk more about music education.
THE PRESIDENT: Thank you.
Q We'll be right back after this.
Q And we're back with President Bill Clinton at P.S. 96 in East Harlem. Let me ask for a couple of quick answers to some questions in the news. Los Alamos, Congress is holding hearings on security breaches there. Two hard drives containing nuclear secrets disappeared. Do you think national security was jeopardized?
THE PRESIDENT: It's not clear, but I think it's very important to get to the bottom of it. The FBI is investigating it, and we've got Senator Baker and Congressman Hamilton, who have agreed to take an independent look. It's a serious issue, and I think what we ought to do is just see the investigation through and see where the facts lead us.
But we need to do what we can to find out what happened, whether there was a security breach and, if so, how we can change it so it will never happen again.
Q You and I were both watching the news earlier about gas prices.
THE PRESIDENT: Yes.
Q People in Chicago, Milwaukee in particular, paying 40 cents a gallon more than the rest of us.
THE PRESIDENT: Than anybody else in the country. It's been very frustrating to me. I'm quite concerned about it.
Let me tell you what we know. We know that the prices were affected by the shutdown of a refinery, which is coming back up; a leak in a pipeline, which is the cheapest way to transport gas; and an unusual increase in demand in the Chicago-Milwaukee area. And all that affected it. Also, they used the more -- the cleaner gasoline, which is more expensive to produce, but that's only about five or six cents a gallon. So we know that it would be more expensive for a little while until the transportation and the refinery problems are solved.
What we don't know is whether there was any price-gouging. So we've got the Federal Trade Commission looking into that, and we've also had the Department of Energy and the Environmental Protection Agency looking into it. I'm very worried about it. But I'm hoping that we can break the logjam on it soon.
Q Back to brighter subjects -- music education. We're joined now by Billy Joel. Billy, good to see you.
MR. JOEL: Hi, Matt. Thanks.
Q Did you have a similar experience as a kid with music education, that the President had?
MR. JOEL: I was in a public school that had a music education program from the time -- elementary school all the way through high school. And I'm one of those people who became a professional musician probably because of the music education program in the public school. I probably might have fallen through the cracks, had it not been for music education.
Q It's important to realize that we're not only trying to create people who want careers in music, but just even simple exposure to music for people who just want to take it in any other direction is important, as well.
MR. JOEL: Well, you know, it's something people may not think of it. We're exposed to music from a very early age on, and children tend to know when they have a proclivity towards music. And that's something that should be nourished. I think it's really, really important. Some kids are going to be more physical, some kids are going to be more technical, some kids are going to be more musical. And it's something that has to start at an early age.
Q We've got young people behind you, Billy, here. They just have received these instruments. They're starting their music education in September. What advice would you give them as they make their first steps in this area?
MR. JOEL: Well, let's see. If you're going to be in the marching band, try to play a light instrument. (Laughter.) And if you've got a long way to walk from here to home, try not to play the tuba.
I would say just -- you know, it's the old thing about practicing, it really does make a difference. If you can stay with it long enough to get good enough to play for your own enjoyment, it really is going to make a huge difference to you. So just stick with it.
Q Mr. President, go ahead.
THE PRESIDENT: The only thing I would say is, don't get discouraged early. If you'll stay with it long enough, until you like to hear yourself play, then it will be easier for you to keep practicing. But if you play one of these reed instruments, you'll squeak a lot; if you play a string instrument, it'll hurt your ears in the beginning. Just stay with it, be patient. And when you reach the point where you like to hear yourself play, then it's all downhill from there. You just keep working.
Q Maybe it's a good time for you to relate to them also. You had a music teacher in your early life who had a pretty strong impact on your life.
THE PRESIDENT: Oh, absolutely I did. I had a -- well, my high school band director, Virgil Sperlen, is still a friend of mine, still writes me to this day. My grade school band director was a man named George Gray, who had a big impact on me. My vocal -- my choir teacher when I was in elementary school I still remember vividly, her name was Lillian Rutherford. All the kids I knew had access to choir and could be in the band if they wanted to. And I'm so glad that John Sykes and VH1 and all these people are trying to make it possible for you to do this.
Because it's something -- you don't have to -- I was not as good as Billy Joel, see, so I didn't get to be a professional musician. But I had a wonderful time. It changed my life for the better. And it still benefits me, and I still play.
Q I'm sure at this point in your presidency, you have to be thinking a lot about legacy, and you look at young people in the 3rd and 4th grade. How do you want them to be a part of your legacy?
THE PRESIDENT: Well, I want them to have more opportunity, more educational opportunity, than they had when I became President. And I want them to grow up in a country that is a more just and decent country, where there is less discrimination, and where people work together more. And I think that that will be the case. But it's really important that kids are not deprived of opportunities like music, just because of where they happen to live, and whether their parents have money or not. That shouldn't be what determines this.
Q Just a suggestion -- you've got some free time coming up in January, and Billy, you've got a little free time. I'm thinking, you go to the garage in Chappaqua, you get a little amplifier like you used to do in high school -- (laughter) -- aggravate the neighbors, and put together a little band here.
THE PRESIDENT: I accept.
MR. JOEL: How close is the next house over, because -- (laughter).
Q Thank you so much for coming in. Billy Joel, it's always good to see you. President Clinton, nice to see you, as well.
THE PRESIDENT: Thank you.
Q And, young men and young ladies, we thank you very much. Good luck with your music education come September, and thanks for having us at P.S. 96. We appreciate it.
END 8:25 A.M. EDT