The GOP Tax and Budget Plan Would Force Drastic Cuts in Priorities Like
Education, Health, Safety and the Environment.
The Republican tax bill, and the associated interest costs, would spend
the entire $1 trillion non-Social Security surplus over the next 10
years. This, together with funding defense at the level requested by
the President, would leave the Republicans with an impossible choice:
either make nearly 50 percent cuts in essential government functions,
everything from education to air traffic control to the Federal
Bureau of Investigation, or divert hundreds of billions of dollars of
the Social Security surpluses from promised debt reduction.
The Republican Tax and Budget Plan Could Devastate Funding for Key
Education Programs for Everything from Head Start to Lifelong Learning
and Dramatically Cut Programs in Each State. In the tenth year of the
Republican tax and budget plan, the nation could be forced to:
Deny 5.9 million children in high-poverty communities academic support
under the Title I program. Title I of the Elementary and Secondary
Education Act currently provides much-needed academic support to 12
million children in high-poverty communities, and the President has
proposed important reforms to make sure they master the basics and reach
high standards. The Republican plan goes in the opposite direction and
could reduce the number of children served by this program to pre-1992
Deny 520,000 children the assistance they need to learn to read. The
Reading Excellence program currently provides funding that will help one
million children learn to read independently and well by the end of the
3rd grade. Under the Republican budget and tax plans, 480,000 fewer
children could get the help they need to learn to read.
Deny smaller classes to more than a million young children in the
early grades. The Republican plans could deprive more than one million
students of the opportunity to learn in smaller classes in the early
grades. Last year, a bipartisan agreement was reached to make a down
payment on the President's plan to hire 100,000 teachers to reduce class
size in the early grades to a nationwide average of 18, and earlier this
month the U.S. Education Department awarded funds to help local school
districts hire 30,000 teachers before school starts this fall. While the
President wants to finish the job and hire 100,000 teachers, the
Republican tax and budget plans could force cuts from current levels by
nearly half. In July, a narrow majority in the House even voted for a
bill the President has pledged to veto, which would remove the guarantee
that any class size reductions will be achieved at all.
Deny early childhood and preschool services to 430,000 kids. Head
Start currently provides early childhood and preschool services to
835,000 students. The Republican plan could deny 430,000 children
access to this essential support.
Deny 215,000 students the after-school and summer school programs they
need. The 21st Century Community Learning Centers Program currently
provides funding to help provide after-school and summer school programs
to about 400,000 students in safe and enriching academic environments.
While the President wants to nearly quadruple this number to 1.5
million, the Republican budget and tax plans would reduce it by 215,000
Slash funding for children with disabilities. Special Education could
be cut by $3.4 billion by the tenth year of the tax cut, severely
limiting the federal contribution to programs that help children with
Deny local school districts vital support to build and modernize 5400
public schools across the nation. The President's targeted tax cut
would cover the interest on state and local efforts to build and
modernize 6,000 public schools across the nation. The Republican tax
cut provides marginal help to address the needs of only one-tenth that
many schools. The President's proposal to rebuild our public schools
could be fully funded using about 1% of the Republican tax cut approved
by the House.
Cut violence and drug prevention programs. By the tenth year of the
Republican tax cut, Safe and Drug Free Schools and Communities funding
would be reduced by nearly $334 million. This is less than half of the
$696 million that would be invested in violence and drug-prevention
under current spending patterns. Republican plans could also slash
funding for crisis counseling and increased security in schools
experiencing violent incidents, such as the recent tragic shootings in
Littleton, Colorado and Conyers, Georgia.
Make college less affordable for nearly 4 million low and
middle-income students by slashing Pell Grants. The Pell Grant program,
which benefits nearly 4 million students, would have its maximum grant
level slashed to $2175, the lowest level since 1987. This would be a
sharp cut from the $3850 which would otherwise be reached by FY2009
under current spending patterns, and it would deny low-and middle-income
students critical financial aid to make college more affordable.
Deny over 500,000 students the opportunity to work their way through
college. The Work-Study program currently helps approximately 930,000
low and middle-income students work their way through college. Over
500,000 students could be denied access to this program under Republican
tax and budget plans.
Deny over 500,000 disadvantaged students the extra guidance and
support they need to prepare for college. Under the Republican plan,
over 500,000 young people would not get the extra support they need to
prepare for college through the GEAR-UP and TRIO programs. GEAR-UP is a
nationwide initiative to help about 227,000 low-income middle and high
school students receive academic and support services to prepare for
college. About 118,000 fewer students could receive these service under
the Republican plans. The President has proposed doubling funding for
this program. TRIO provides counseling and educational support for
725,000 students nationwide, but the Republican plans could deny 400,000
students access to this crucial support.
Deny hundreds of thousands of disadvantaged young people the summer
jobs and job training they need to succeed. Under the Republican plan,
about 330,000 fewer disadvantaged students would get the education,
training, and summer jobs they need. Sixty-two out of 118 Job Corps
centers could be forced to close, taking away job training from 21,000
disadvantaged youth, and more than 26,000 thousand students in
high-poverty communities would be denied access to education, training,
and employment assistance through Youth Opportunity Grants.
For Each State the Republican Tax Proposal Would Cut Key Programs by
Roughly Half. See attached table. The 2009 funding levels and per
student costs maintains participation at the 1999 level for 2009
adjusting for inflation. The Republican budget and tax proposal result
in a roughly 50% cut from those levels. Head Start figures reflect
current services although the President has a goal of funding 1 million
children on Head Start by 2002. For Class Size Reduction, 2009 funding
is based on the level of funding required to implement the President's
plan to hire 100,000 teachers by 2005. The Republican 2009 funding
level reflects the 1999 level increased to offset inflation, then
reduced by roughly 50% consistent with their budget and tax proposals.
State By State Comparisons Include These Key Programs:
Work Study: The Work Study Program provides part-time jobs to
undergraduate and graduate students to help them pay education expenses.
Class Size Reduction: The President's Class Size Reduction initiative
provides funding to help meet the goal of hiring 100,000 teachers to
reduce class size in the early grades, to a national average of 18
Head Start: Head Start provides early childhood and preschool
assistance to impoverished children.
Title I Grants: Title I targets financial assistance to high poverty
Assistance to Disadvantaged Youth: The Workforce Investment Act,
includes a funding stream for programs providing summer jobs and job
training assistance to economically disadvantage young people.
Pell Grants: The Pell Grant Program provides grants to undergraduate
students with financial need to help them pay for postsecondary