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Office of the Press Secretary

For Immediate Release April 24, 1999

Washington Summit Communique

                Issued by the Heads of State and Government
       participating in the meeting of the North Atlantic Council
                 in Washington, D.C. on 24th April 1999

An Alliance for the 21st Century

  1. We, the Heads of State and Government of the member countries of the North Atlantic Alliance, have gathered in Washington to celebrate the 50th anniversary of NATO and to set forth our vision of the Alliance of the 21st century. The North Atlantic Alliance, founded on the principles of democracy, individual liberty and the rule of law, remains the basis of our collective defence; it embodies the transatlantic link that binds North America and Europe in a unique defence and security partnership.
  2. Fifty years ago, the North Atlantic Alliance was founded in troubled and uncertain times. It has withstood the test of five decades and allowed the citizens of Allied countries to enjoy an unprecedented period of peace, freedom and prosperity. Here in Washington, we have paid tribute to the achievements of the past and we have shaped a new Alliance to meet the challenges of the future. This new Alliance will be larger, more capable and more flexible, committed to collective defence and able to undertake new missions including contributing to effective conflict prevention and engaging actively in crisis management, including crisis response operations. The Alliance will work with other nations and organisations to advance security, prosperity and democracy throughout the Euro-Atlantic region. The presence today of three new Allies - the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland - demonstrates that we have overcome the division of Europe.
  3. The Alliance takes the opportunity of this 50th anniversary to recognise and express its heartfelt appreciation for the commitment, sacrifice, resolve and loyalty of the servicemen and women of all Allies to the cause of freedom. The Alliance salutes these active and reserve forces' essential contributions, which for 50 years have guaranteed freedom and safeguarded trans-Atlantic security. Our nations and our Alliance are in their debt and offer them profound thanks.
  4. The NATO of the 21st century starts today - a NATO which retains the strengths of the past and has new missions, new members and new partnerships. To this end, we have:

approved an updated Strategic Concept;

        reaffirmed our commitment to the enlargement process of the
        Alliance and approved a Membership Action Plan for countries
        wishing to join;

        completed the work on key elements of the Berlin Decisions on
        building the European Security and Defence Identity within the
        Alliance and decided to further enhance its effectiveness;

        launched the Defence Capabilities Initiative;

        intensified our relations with Partners through an enhanced and
        more operational Partnership for Peace and strengthened our
        consultations and co-operation within the Euro-Atlantic
        Partnership Council;

        enhanced the Mediterranean Dialogue; and

        decided to increase Alliance efforts against weapons of mass
        destruction and their means of delivery.

5. As part of the Alliance's adaptation to the new security

     challenges, we have updated our Strategic Concept to make it fully
     consistent with the Alliance's new security environment. The
     updated Concept reaffirms our commitment to collective defence and
     the transatlantic link; takes account of the challenges the
     Alliance now faces; presents an Alliance ready and with a full
     range of capabilities to enhance the security and stability of the
     Euro-Atlantic area; reaffirms our commitment to building the ESDI
     within the Alliance; highlights the enhanced role of partnership
     and dialogue; underlines the need to develop defence capabilities
     to their full potential to meet the spectrum of Alliance missions,
     including forces which are more deployable, sustainable, survivable
     and able to engage effectively; and provides guidance to the NATO
     Military Authorities to this end.

6. To achieve its essential purpose, as an Alliance of nations

     committed to the Washington Treaty and the United Nations Charter,
     the Alliance performs the following fundamental security tasks:

          To provide one of the indispensable foundations for a stable
          Euro-Atlantic security environment, based on the growth of
          democratic institutions and commitment to the peaceful
          resolution of disputes, in which no country would be able to
          intimidate or coerce any other through the threat or use of force.

          To serve, as provided for in Article 4 of the North Atlantic
          Treaty, as an essential transatlantic forum for Allied
          consultations on any issues that affect their vital interests,
          including possible developments posing risks for members'
          security, and for appropriate co-ordination of their efforts
          in fields of common concern.

          Deterrence and Defence:
          To deter and defend against any threat of aggression against
          any NATO member state as provided for in Articles 5 and 6 of
          the Washington Treaty.

     And in order to enhance the security and stability of the
     Euro-Atlantic area:

          Crisis Management:
          To stand ready, case-by-case and by consensus, in conformity
          with Article 7 of the Washington Treaty, to contribute to
          effective conflict prevention and to engage actively in crisis
          management, including crisis response operations.

          To promote wide-ranging partnership, cooperation, and dialogue
          with other countries in the Euro-Atlantic area, with the aim
          of increasing transparency, mutual confidence and the capacity
          for joint action with the Alliance.

7. We warmly welcome the participation of the three new Allies - the

     Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland - in their first Alliance Summit
     meeting. Their accession to the North Atlantic Treaty opens a new
     chapter in the history of the Atlantic Alliance.

     We reaffirm today our commitment to the openness of the Alliance
     under Article 10 of the North Atlantic Treaty and in accordance
     with Paragraph 8 of the Madrid Summit Declaration. We pledge that
     NATO will continue to welcome new members in a position to further
     the principles of the Treaty and contribute to peace and security
     in the Euro-Atlantic area. This is part of an evolutionary process
     that takes into account political and security developments in the
     whole of Europe.  Our commitment to enlargement is part of a
     broader strategy of projecting stability and working together with
     our Partners to build a Europe whole and free. The ongoing
     enlargement process strengthens the Alliance and enhances the
     security and stability of the Euro-Atlantic region. The three new
     members will not be the last.

     At the Summit in Madrid we recognised the progress made by a number
     of countries aspiring to join the Alliance in meeting the
     responsibilities and obligations for possible membership.

     Today we recognise and welcome the continuing efforts and progress
     in both Romania and Slovenia. We also recognise and welcome
     continuing efforts and progress in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
     Since the Madrid Summit, we note and welcome positive developments
     in Bulgaria.   We also note and welcome recent positive
     developments in Slovakia. We are grateful for the cooperation of
     the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (1) with NATO in the
     present crisis and welcome its progress on reforms. We welcome
     Albania's cooperation with the Alliance in the present crisis and
     encourage its reform efforts.

     We welcome the efforts and progress aspiring members have made,
     since we last met, to advance political, military and economic
     reforms.  We appreciate the results achieved, and look forward to
     further progress by these countries in strengthening their
     democratic institutions and in restructuring their economies and
     militaries. We take account of the efforts of these aspiring
     members, together with a number of other Partner countries, to
     improve relations with neighbours and contribute to security and
     stability of the Euro-Atlantic region. We look forward to further
     deepening our cooperation with aspiring countries and to increasing
     their political and military involvement in the work of the Alliance.

     The Alliance expects to extend further invitations in coming years
     to nations willing and able to assume the responsibilities and
     obligations of membership, and as NATO determines that the
     inclusion of these nations would serve the overall political and
     strategic interests of the Alliance and that the inclusion would
     enhance overall European security and stability. To give substance
     to this commitment, NATO will maintain an active relationship with
     those nations that have expressed an interest in NATO membership as
     well as those who may wish to seek membership in the future. Those
     nations that have expressed an interest in becoming NATO members
     will remain under active consideration for future membership. No
     European democratic country whose admission would fulfil the
     objectives of the Treaty will be excluded from consideration,
     regardless of its geographic location, each being considered on its
     own merits. All states have the inherent right to choose the means
     to ensure their own security.  Furthermore, in order to enhance
     overall security and stability in Europe, further steps in the
     ongoing enlargement process of the Alliance should balance the
     security concerns of all Allies.

     We welcome the aspirations of the nine countries currently
     interested in joining the Alliance. Accordingly, we are ready to
     provide advice, assistance and practical support. To this end, we
     approve today a Membership Action Plan which includes the following

        the submission by aspiring members of individual annual national
        programmes on their preparations for possible future membership,
        covering political, economic, defence, resource, security and
        legal aspects;

        a focused and candid feedback mechanism on aspirant countries'
        progress on their programmes that includes both political and
        technical advice, as well as annual 19+1 meetings at Council
        level to assess progress;

        a clearinghouse to help coordinate assistance by NATO and by
        member states to aspirant countries in the defence/military field;

        a defence planning approach for aspirants which includes
        elaboration and review of agreed planning targets.

     We direct that NATO Foreign Ministers keep the enlargement process,
     including the implementation of the Membership Action Plan, under
     continual review and report to us. We will review the process at
     our next Summit meeting which will be held no later than 2002.

8. We reaffirm our commitment to preserve the transatlantic link,

     including our readiness to pursue common security objectives
     through the Alliance wherever possible. We are pleased with the
     progress achieved in implementing the Berlin decisions and reaffirm
     our strong commitment to pursue the process of reinforcing the
     European pillar of the Alliance on the basis of our Brussels
     Declaration of 1994 and of the principles agreed at Berlin in 1996.
     We note with satisfaction that the key elements of the Berlin
     decisions are being put in place.  These include flexible options
     for the selection of a European NATO Commander and NATO
     Headquarters for WEU-led operations, as well as specific terms of
     reference for DSACEUR and an adapted CJTF concept.  Close linkages
     between the two organisations have been established, including
     planning, exercises (in particular a joint crisis management
     exercise in 2000) and consultation, as well as a framework for the
     release and return of Alliance assets and capabilities.

9. We welcome the new impetus given to the strengthening of a common

     European policy in security and defence by the Amsterdam Treaty and
     the reflections launched since then in the WEU and - following the
     St. Malo Declaration - in the EU, including the Vienna European
     Council Conclusions. This is a process which has implications for
     all Allies.  We confirm that a stronger European role will help
     contribute to the vitality of our Alliance for the 21st century,
     which is the foundation of the collective defence of its members.
     In this regard:

     a. We acknowledge the resolve of the European Union to have the
        capacity for autonomous action so that it can take decisions and
        approve military action where the Alliance as a whole is not engaged;

     b. As this process goes forward, NATO and the EU should ensure the
        development of effective mutual consultation, cooperation and
        transparency, building on the mechanisms existing between NATO
        and the WEU;

     c. We applaud the determination of both EU members and other
        European Allies to take the necessary steps to strengthen their
        defence capabilities, especially for new missions, avoiding
        unnecessary duplication;

     d. We attach the utmost importance to ensuring the fullest possible
        involvement of non-EU European Allies in EU-led crisis response
        operations, building on existing consultation arrangements
        within the WEU. We also note Canada's interest in participating
        in such operations under appropriate modalities.

     e. We are determined that the decisions taken in Berlin in 1996,
        including the concept of using separable but not separate NATO
        assets and capabilities for WEU-led operations, should be
        further developed.

10. On the basis of the above principles and building on the Berlin

     decisions, we therefore stand ready to define and adopt the
     necessary arrangements for ready access by the European Union to
     the collective assets and capabilities of the Alliance, for
     operations in which the Alliance as a whole is not engaged
     militarily as an Alliance.  The Council in Permanent Session will
     approve these arrangements, which will respect the requirements of
     NATO operations and the coherence of its command structure, and
     should address:

     a. Assured EU access to NATO planning capabilities able to
        contribute  to military planning for EU-led operations;

     b. The presumption of availability to the EU of pre-identified NATO
        capabilities and common assets for use in EU-led operations;

     c. Identification of a range of European command options for EU-led
        operations, further developing the role of DSACEUR in order for
        him to assume fully and effectively his European responsibilities;

     d. The further adaptation of NATO's defence planning system to
        incorporate more comprehensively the availability of forces for
        EU-led operations.

     We task the Council in Permanent Session to address these measures
     on an ongoing basis, taking into account the evolution of relevant
     arrangements in the EU. The Council will make recommendations to
     the next Ministerial meeting for its consideration.

11. We have launched a Defence Capabilities Initiative to improve the

     defence capabilities of the Alliance to ensure the effectiveness of
     future multinational operations across the full spectrum of
     Alliance missions in the present and foreseeable security
     environment with a special focus on improving interoperability
     among Alliance forces (and where applicable also between Alliance
     and Partner forces). Defence capabilities will be increased through
     improvements in the deployability and mobility of Alliance forces,
     their sustainability and logistics, their survivability and
     effective engagement capability, and command and control and
     information systems.  In this connection, we endorse the Council
     decision to begin implementing the Multinational Joint Logistics
     Centre concept by the end of 1999, and to develop the C3 system
     architecture by 2002 to form a basis for an integrated Alliance
     core capability allowing interoperability with national systems. We
     have established a temporary High-Level Steering Group to oversee
     the implementation of the Defence Capabilities Initiative and to
     meet the requirement of co-ordination and harmonisation among
     relevant planning disciplines, including for Allies concerned force
     planning, with the aim of achieving lasting effects on improvements
     in capabilities and interoperability.  Improvements in
     interoperability and critical capabilities should also strengthen
     the European pillar in NATO.

12. We reaffirm our commitment to the 1995 Peace Agreement, negotiated

     in Dayton and signed in Paris, which established Bosnia and
     Herzegovina as a single, democratic and multi-ethnic state, and to
     the full implementation of the Peace Agreement. We reiterate our
     readiness to work constructively with all Parties that support the
     Peace Agreement and seek to implement it.

13. The Madrid Peace Implementation Council meeting in December 1998

     confirmed that the next two years would be vital in strengthening
     the peace process in Bosnia and Herzegovina and recognised that
     SFOR's presence remains essential, both to keep the peace and to
     provide the secure environment and support for civilian
     implementation.  Return of refugees to areas in which they are a
     minority will remain vital for political stability and
     reconciliation.  We will support efforts to take this process forward.

14. SFOR will continue to work closely and effectively with the High

     Representative, whose role we support, the International Criminal
     Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, the OSCE and other major
     international organisations, the UN International Police Task Force
     and other agencies implementing the civilian aspects of the Peace
     Agreement.  We commend the crucial contribution of men and women of
     both NATO and Partner countries serving in SFOR, who are helping to
     bring peace to Bosnia and Herzegovina.

15. SFOR's presence cannot, however, be maintained indefinitely. SFOR

     is being streamlined through efficiency measures. We note that the
     Council in Permanent Session is examining options on the future
     size and structure of SFOR.

16. The continuing crisis in and around Kosovo threatens to further

     destabilise areas beyond the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY).
     The potential for wider instability underscores the need for a
     comprehensive approach to the stabilisation of the crisis region in
     South-Eastern Europe. We recognise and endorse the crucial
     importance of making South-Eastern Europe a region free from
     violence and instability.  A new level of international engagement
     is thus needed to build security, prosperity and democratic civil
     society, leading in time to full integration into the wider
     European family.

17. NATO is determined to play its full part in this process by

     contributing to the building of a more secure and cooperative
     relationship with and between the countries of the region. Given
     the differences in economic development and the diversity and
     complexity of the problems of each country in the region,
     international efforts to develop and stabilise the region must be
     comprehensive, coherent and well coordinated. To achieve these
     ends, NATO, the WEU, the EU, the OSCE and the UN must work closely
     together.  The international financial institutions also have a
     crucial role to play. The Alliance's efforts to enhance regional
     security and stability in South-Eastern Europe and to help resolve
     humanitarian problems, and the efforts by other international
     organisations, as well as those by the countries of the region,
     should be mutually reinforcing.

18. We will be meeting with colleagues from the countries of

     South-Eastern Europe tomorrow. We intend to build on that meeting
     by maintaining NATO's consultations with the countries of the
     region.  Accordingly, we will propose to them a consultative forum
     on security matters which brings together all NATO members and
     countries of the region at an appropriate level.

19. We direct the Council in Permanent Session, building on, as

     appropriate, the existing EAPC and PfP framework, to give substance
     to this proposal, inter alia, in the following areas:

     19+1 consultations where appropriate;

        the promotion of regional cooperation in the framework of an
        EAPC cooperative mechanism, taking into account other regional

        targeted NATO security cooperation programmes for the countries
        in the region, as appropriate;

        regionally focused PfP activities and exercises;

        better targeting and coordination of Allies' and Partners'
        bilateral assistance to the region.

20. The Alliance's efforts to enhance regional security in

     South-Eastern Europe complement those by other international
     organisations, as well as those by the countries of the region. We
     welcome the forthcoming European Union conference on a Stability
     Pact for South-Eastern Europe on 27th May 1999, and the
     South-Eastern Europe Cooperation process, as well as other regional
     efforts. Coherence and coordination between the various initiatives
     will be of great importance.

21. The security of the Balkan region is essential to achieving lasting

     stability throughout the Euro-Atlantic area. Our goal is to see the
     integration of the countries of the region into the Euro-Atlantic
     community. We want all the countries and peoples of South-Eastern
     Europe to enjoy peace and security and establish normal relations
     with one another, based on respect of human rights, democracy,
     individual liberty and the rule of law.

22. We reaffirm our commitment to consultation, partnership and

     practical cooperation through the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
     and the Partnership for Peace. We commit ourselves today to build
     an enhanced and more operational relationship with Partners for the
     21st century that strengthens stability, mutual confidence, and
     security throughout the Euro-Atlantic area. The EAPC and the PfP
     have transformed political-military relations across the continent
     and have become the instruments of choice when the Alliance and its
     Partners consult and act together in the pursuit of peace and
     security.  We look forward to consulting with our Partners at
     tomorrow's EAPC Summit meeting.

23. The EAPC, founded in 1997, contributes substantially to stronger

     political consultation and practical cooperation between the
     Alliance and its Partners, for solutions to security issues. We
     applaud this expanded dimension of political consultations, which
     has enhanced transparency and confidence among all EAPC members.
     The Alliance and its Partners have consulted regularly on regional
     security issues, such as on Bosnia and Herzegovina and on Kosovo.
     We have also developed new areas of cooperation such as
     peacekeeping, humanitarian de-mining, control over transfer of
     small arms, and the coordination of disaster relief and
     humanitarian assistance.

24. We welcome the successful fulfilment by the Alliance and its

     Partners of five years of Partnership for Peace and the full
     implementation of PfP enhancements launched in 1997. Enhanced PfP
     has ensured that NATO-Partner cooperation contributes concretely to
     Euro-Atlantic stability and security. The participation of 15 PfP
     Partners in IFOR/SFOR demonstrates the real-life benefits of PfP's
     focus on interoperability and provides valuable lessons for future
     Alliance-Partner co-operation. The presence of Partner officers in
     an international capacity in NATO military headquarters enables
     Partners to participate in planning for NATO-PfP exercises and
     NATO-led PfP operations. Enhanced PfP has also permitted NATO to
     take action to assist Albania and the former Yugoslav Republic of
     Macedonia with their unique security concerns.

25. We welcome and take special note of the initiatives designed to

     make the Partnership more operational and ensure greater Partner
     involvement in appropriate decision-making and planning, as we had
     envisioned in our Madrid Declaration. These steps will ensure that
     the Partnership will be better able to address its objectives, and
     will provide a solid foundation for its continuing evolution as the
     core of a co-operative security network between NATO and its
     Partners for the 21st century. To further this goal, we have today
     approved the following comprehensive package. We have:

        approved a Political-Military Framework for NATO-led PfP
        operations, which will enhance Partners' roles in political
        guidance and oversight, planning, and command arrangements for
        such operations;

        endorsed the expanded and adapted Planning and Review Process,
        which will further enhance interoperability of Partner forces
        declared available for PfP activities, and will allow for more
        focused and increased Partner contributions of valuable forces
        and capabilities for future NATO-led PfP operations;

        endorsed the outline Operational Capabilities Concept for
        NATO-led PfP operations, which will provide for deeper military
        co-operation between the Alliance and Partners with the goal of
        improving the ability of Partner forces and capabilities to
        operate with the Alliance in NATO-led PfP operations and
        directed the Council in Permanent Session to pursue its further

        endorsed the outline programme on enhancing PfP training and
        education to optimise and harmonise NATO and national PfP
        activities in order to meet the current and future demands of an
        enhanced and more operational PfP. The outline programme
        includes the role of three new PfP tools - a PfP Consortium of
        Defence Academies and Security Studies Institutes, a PfP
        Exercise Simulation Network and PfP Training Centres.  We
        directed the Council in Permanent Session to develop a PfP
        Training and Education Enhancement Programme.

26. We remain firmly committed to our partnership with Russia under the

     NATO-Russia Founding Act. NATO and Russia have a common objective
     in strengthening security and stability in the Euro-Atlantic area.
     Throughout the Kosovo crisis, NATO and Russia have shared the
     common goals of the international community: to halt the violence,
     to avert a humanitarian catastrophe, and to create the conditions
     for a political solution. These goals remain valid. Consultation
     and dialogue are even more important in times of crisis. NATO and
     its member countries are determined to build on the areas of common
     ground with Russia concerning the international response to the
     crisis in Kosovo and remain ready to resume consultations and
     cooperation in the framework of the Founding Act.

27. Close relations between NATO and Russia are of great importance to

     stability and security in the Euro-Atlantic area. Since the
     conclusion of the Founding Act in May 1997, considerable and
     encouraging progress has been made in intensifying consultation and
     cooperation with Russia. The NATO-Russia Permanent Joint Council
     has developed into an important venue to consult, to promote
     transparency and confidence-building, and to foster cooperation.
     Russia's participation in the implementation of the peace agreement
     for Bosnia and Herzegovina was a significant step towards a new
     co-operative relationship. We have developed an extensive dialogue
     on such matters as disarmament and arms control, including the
     adaptation of the CFE Treaty; peacekeeping and nuclear weapons
     issues.  Strategy, defence policy and doctrines, budgets and
     infrastructure development programmes, and non-proliferation, are
     further examples of this increasing cooperation.

28. We attach great importance to a strong, enduring and distinctive

     partnership between NATO and Ukraine. Ukraine has an important role
     to play in enhancing security and stability in the Euro-Atlantic
     area and in particular in Central and Eastern Europe. We are
     pleased with the progress reached since the signing of the
     NATO-Ukraine Charter in Madrid, and will continue to strengthen our
     distinctive partnership.  We continue to support Ukrainian
     sovereignty and independence, territorial integrity, democratic
     development, economic prosperity and Ukraine's status as a
     non-nuclear weapons state as key factors of stability and security
     in Europe. We encourage Ukraine to carry forward its democratic and
     economic transformation, including its defence reform, and reaffirm
     NATO's support for Ukraine's efforts to this end.  We applaud the
     progress made in the Joint Working Group on Defence Reform. We
     welcome the establishment of a NATO Liaison Office in Kyiv to
     further enhance Ukraine's role as a distinctive Partner. We also
     look forward to today's inaugural Summit meeting of the
     NATO-Ukraine Commission.

29. The Mediterranean Dialogue is an integral part of the Alliance's

     cooperative approach to security since security in the whole of
     Europe is closely linked to security and stability in the
     Mediterranean. We are pleased with the development of our
     Mediterranean Dialogue. The Dialogue is progressive in nature and
     we welcome the progress towards developing broader and deeper
     cooperation and dialogue with the countries in the Mediterranean
     region.  We endorse the enhancements to the political and practical
     cooperation of the Mediterranean Dialogue agreed by the Council in
     Permanent Session and direct it to pursue their early
     implementation. We encourage Allied nations and Mediterranean
     Dialogue countries to organise events such as the Rome Conference
     in 1997 and the Valencia Conference in 1999 as positive steps to
     strengthen mutual regional understanding. We look forward to
     further opportunities to strengthen cooperation in areas where NATO
     can add value, particularly in the military field, and where
     Dialogue countries have expressed interest.  The Dialogue and other
     international efforts, including the EU Barcelona process, are
     complementary and mutually reinforcing and thus contribute to
     transparency and building confidence in the region.

30. The proliferation of nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) weapons

     and their means of delivery can pose a direct military threat to
     Allies' populations, territory, and forces and therefore continues
     to be a matter of serious concern for the Alliance. The principal
     non-proliferation goal of the Alliance and its members is to
     prevent proliferation from occurring, or, should it occur, to
     reverse it through diplomatic means. We reiterate our full support
     for the international non-proliferation regimes and their
     strengthening.  We recognise progress made in this regard. In order
     to respond to the risks to Alliance security posed by the spread of
     weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their delivery means, we have
     launched an Initiative that builds upon work since the Brussels
     Summit to improve overall Alliance political and military efforts
     in this area.

31. The WMD Initiative will: ensure a more vigorous, structured debate

     at NATO leading to strengthened common understanding among Allies
     on WMD issues and how to respond to them; improve the quality and
     quantity of intelligence and information-sharing among Allies on
     proliferation issues; support the development of a public
     information strategy by Allies to increase awareness of
     proliferation issues and Allies' efforts to support
     non-proliferation efforts; enhance existing Allied programmes which
     increase military readiness to operate in a WMD environment and to
     counter WMD threats; strengthen the process of information exchange
     about Allies' national programmes of bilateral WMD destruction and
     assistance; enhance the possibilities for Allies to assist one
     another in the protection of their civil populations against WMD
     risks; and create a WMD Centre within the International Staff at
     NATO to support these efforts. The WMD initiative will integrate
     political and military aspects of Alliance work in responding to

32. Arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation will continue to

     play a major role in the achievement of the Alliance's security
     objectives.   NATO has a long-standing commitment in this area.
     Allied forces, both conventional and nuclear, have been
     significantly reduced since the end of the Cold War as part of the
     changed security environment. All Allies are States Parties to the
     central treaties related to disarmament and non-proliferation of
     weapons of mass destruction, the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty,
     the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention and the Chemical
     Weapons Convention, and are committed to the full implementation of
     these treaties. NATO is a defensive Alliance seeking to enhance
     security and stability at the minimum level of forces consistent
     with the requirements for the full range of Alliance missions. As
     part of its broad approach to security, NATO actively supports arms
     control and disarmament, both conventional and nuclear, and pursues
     its approach against the proliferation of weapons of mass
     destruction and their delivery means. In the light of overall
     strategic developments and the reduced salience of nuclear weapons,
     the Alliance will consider options for confidence and security
     building measures, verification, non-proliferation and arms control
     and disarmament. The Council in Permanent Session will propose a
     process to Ministers in December for considering such options. The
     responsible NATO bodies would accomplish this. We support deepening
     consultations with Russia in these and other areas in the Permanent
     Joint Council as well as with Ukraine in the NATO-Ukraine
     Commission and with other Partners in the EAPC.

33. The CFE Treaty is a cornerstone of European security. We reaffirm

     our commitment to the successful adaptation of the Treaty
     reflecting the new security environment and paving the way to
     greater conventional security and stability in Europe. In the
     course of the negotiations so far, Members of the Alliance have
     already declared their intention to undertake reductions in their
     equipment entitlements or holdings, and we strongly encourage
     others to follow suit with similar substantial reductions. In this
     context, we are pleased that agreement has been reached by CFE
     States Parties in Vienna in March 1999 on the key outstanding
     issues, permitting drafting work to proceed without delay.   Allies
     will do their utmost to complete an adapted Treaty for signature by
     the time of the OSCE Istanbul Summit in November 1999.  Until the
     adaptation process is completed, the continued full implementation
     of the existing Treaty and its associated documents will remain crucial.

34. We call on Russia to ratify the START II Treaty without delay. This

     would pave the way for considerable reductions of nuclear arsenals
     and would allow negotiations on a START III Treaty aiming at
     further far-reaching reductions. We remain committed to an early
     entry into force of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, and call
     upon all countries to accede to and implement the Treaty in due
     course.  We support the early commencement of negotiations on a
     Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty.

35. We are determined to achieve progress on a legally binding protocol

     including effective verification measures to enhance compliance and
     promote transparency that strengthens the implementation of the
     Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention. We re-emphasize the
     importance of universal adherence to, and effective implementation
     of, the Chemical Weapons Convention. We support de-mining efforts
     in Bosnia, the development of practical initiatives under the
     auspices of the EAPC, and - for signatories - activities to meet
     obligations under the Ottawa Convention.

36. We call on Belarus, Russia and Ukraine to ratify the Open Skies

Treaty without delay.

37. We will seek to intensify on a mutually reinforcing basis the

     Alliance's contacts and co-operation with other international
     organisations with a role to play in consolidating democracy and
     preserving peace in the Euro-Atlantic area.

38. As stated in the Washington Treaty, we recognise the primary

     responsibility of the United Nations Security Council for the
     maintenance of international peace and security. The Alliance and
     the UN have worked together effectively in implementing the Peace
     Agreement in Bosnia and Herzegovina. We look forward to developing
     further contact and exchanges of information with the United
     Nations, in the context of cooperation in conflict prevention,
     crisis management, crisis response operations, including
     peacekeeping, and humanitarian assistance. In the crisis in Kosovo,
     the Alliance is using its civil and military capabilities to work
     with the UNHCR, the lead agency in the field of refugee relief, and
     other relevant international organisations, in providing
     humanitarian assistance and refugee relief.  The Alliance will
     consider on a case-by-case basis future co-operation of this kind.

39. Cooperation and coordination between the Alliance and the

     Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe has expanded
     considerably in the light of the support we have provided to the
     OSCE-led Kosovo Verification Missions. We hope to make use of these
     important bridges between our two organisations to work together in
     conflict prevention, peacekeeping, crisis management and
     post-conflict rehabilitation, in the spirit of the OSCE's Common
     Concept for the Development of Co-operation between Mutually
     Reinforcing Institutions.  We continue to support the efforts of
     the OSCE to develop a Document-Charter on European Security, worthy
     of adoption at the OSCE Istanbul Summit in November 1999.

40. The Alliance and the European Union share common strategic

     interests.   Our respective efforts in building peace in the former
     Yugoslavia are complementary. Both organisations make decisive
     contributions to peace and stability on the European continent.
     Cooperation between the two organisations on topics of common
     concern, to be decided on a case-by-case basis, could be developed
     when it enhances the effectiveness of action by NATO and the EU.

41. The Alliance, in order to adapt its structures to better prepare it

     to meet future challenges, launched a comprehensive programme
     including the continuing adaptation of NATO's command structure.
     Accordingly, Allies welcome the activation decision of the
     implementation phase of the Alliance's new command structure. This
     will ensure NATO's ability to carry out the whole range of its
     missions more effectively and flexibly; support an enlarged
     Alliance and our more operational relationship with Partners; and
     provide, as part of the development of the ESDI within NATO, for
     European command arrangements able to prepare, support, command and
     conduct WEU-led operations. After successful trials, we have
     embarked on the full implementation of the CJTF concept, giving us
     an important new tool for crisis management in the next century.
     Allies also welcome the full integration of Spain into NATO's
     military structure from January this year, another significant
     milestone for the Alliance.

42. Terrorism constitutes a serious threat to peace, security and

     stability that can threaten the territorial integrity of States. We
     reiterate our condemnation of terrorism and reaffirm our
     determination to combat it in accordance with our international
     commitments and national legislation. The terrorist threat against
     deployed NATO forces and NATO installations requires the
     consideration and development of appropriate measures for their
     continued protection, taking full account of host nation

43. NATO Heads of State and Government believe that a key to the future

     success of the North Atlantic Alliance is the efficient production
     and availability of advanced weapons and technology in support of
     security for all its members. We also believe that viable defence
     industries on both sides of the Atlantic are critical to the
     efficient functioning of NATO military forces. To that end, we
     welcome continued transatlantic defence industrial co-operation to
     help ensure interoperability, economies of scale, competition and
     innovation.  We will seek to ensure that NATO's armament activities
     meet the Alliance's evolving military needs.

44. We welcome the presence in Washington of the President and other

     representatives of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly (NPA). The NPA
     plays a significant role in complementing NATO's efforts to project
     stability throughout Europe. We therefore attach great importance
     to enhancing our relations with the NPA in areas of common concern.
     We also appreciate the contribution made by the Atlantic Treaty
     Association in promoting better understanding of the Alliance and
     its objectives among our publics.


45. We express our deep appreciation for the gracious hospitality

     extended to us by the Government of the United States on the
     occasion of the 50th anniversary of the North Atlantic Treaty.


  1. Turkey recognises the Republic of Macedonia with its constitutional name