KOSOVO EMERGENCY FUNDING PACKAGE
TOTAL FUNDING: $6.049 Billion
April 19, 1999
Defense Department Funding = $5.458 billion
DOD Military Funding = $5.123 billion;
DOD Refugee Assistance Funding = $335 million
This emergency funding package provides funds to permit the
Department of Defense to sustain its current operations against Serbia.
To provide maximum flexibility to our military commanders, the
Administration is providing the capability to continue operations at the
currently approved force and operational levels.
US force levels in the Balkans would be funded to include a carrier
battle group; 600+ Air Force and Marine Crops aircraft, 1 Marine
Expeditionary Unit, several Army helicopter battalions and missile
batteries, and other support forces.
Key Elements of Military Funding:
Operations: $3.301 billion
$287 million for costs of operations to date, from the start of the
initial air campaign on March 24 through the end of April. It includes
deployment of ships, personnel and equipment, unit operations, supplies,
fuel, spare parts and special pay and allowances for personnel deployed
to the region.
$3.014 billion for continued air operations. This will cover
future costs, including operating aircraft and ships, providing
protection of troops and bases, spare parts, transportation, logistics,
maintenance, special pay and allowances, and other support costs for US
forces in the Balkans.
Munitions: $698 million
$698 million for usage of munitions will cover upgrades and
replenishment of Tomahawk cruise missiles and replenishment of
Conventional Air-Launched Cruise Missiles, Joint Direct Attack
Munitions, and towed decoys. This applies to past and anticipated usage
of these munitions. A portion of these funds will also go to pay for
munitions used against Iraq.
Readiness and Munitions Contingency Reserve Fund: $850 million
$850 million in additional contingency reserve funds are set aside
for military readiness, including restoring inventories of certain
munitions which have not yet -- but which may be -- used in the
conflict. While assumptions regarding Administration policy remain
consistent, prudent planning for operations calls for setting aside
additional funding on a contingency basis to assure that a high level
of military readiness will continue to be maintained, and that the
supply of munitions, an essential element of readiness, remains
sufficient for future operations.
Additional costs related to Iraq: $274 million
Operations Desert Fox and Desert Thunder: $134 million to fund
costs caused by the deployment of US forces to the region to conduct
operations against Iraq, and the preparations and pre-positioning for
Desert Thunder in November and the missile strike in Desert Fox in
December. These costs include unit operations, transportation,
logistics, fuel, and spare parts, and special pay and allowances for
personnel deployed to the region.
Enhanced Northern and Southern Watch: $140 million to fund costs,
in the wake of Desert Fox and Iraq's continued defiance of no-fly zones,
of increased U.S. activity. These costs include special pay and
allowances for personnel deployed to the region, unit operations,
transportation, logistics, fuel and spare parts.
Refugee Assistance (DOD)
The Defense Department will also provide assistance to Kosovar refugees
Refugee and Humanitarian Operations = $721 Million (including $335
million for DOD Refugee Assistance)
Resources are provided for the U.S. share of multi-lateral civilian
relief and humanitarian assistance) to provide shelter, food, medicine,
and other assistance for an estimated 650,000 refugees.
The Administration is concerned about the hundreds and thousands of
refugees who remain at dire risk inside Kosovo itself. Therefore this
emergency package contains funding that could be used to meet their
Elements of Humanitarian Funding:
Refugee Relief and Assistance (Department of Defense): $335 million
$335 million for the Department of Defense to provide assistance to
Kosovar refugees, consistent with the U.S. participation in the
multilateral commitment for temporary resettlement, including housing,
provision of food and medical care. These funds will provide temporary
resettlement for 20,000 refugees, and could also be used for additional
logistical support, supplies and assistance. Also included in this
package are costs already incurred by the Defense Department fortical
supplies and transportation to provide assistance to the refugees.
Refugee Relief and Assistance (Department of State/USAID:) $386 million
$386 million for State Department and USAID to supply critical
provisions to refugees, including food, shelter, water, and medicine and
to support efforts organized by the U.S. government, international
organizations and non-governmental organizations.
Securing Front Line States: $150 million. These funds will be
available to provide urgent assistance for countries, (Albania,
Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Bosnia, and for Montenegro) whose
citizens, economies and infrastructure, have been affected by the influx
of refugees and by disruptions to commerce and transport caused by the
conflict. Fund will also be used for the region's needs to provide for
well-being, safety and return of Kosovo refugees once a settlement is
Diplomatic Operations and Other Stabilization Efforts: $55 million
This package contains funding for enhanced security in US diplomatic
facilities due to the conflict, and for previously incurred expenses.
For example, funding will emergency temporary security personnel, and
for facilities directly related to protecting personnel responding to
the crisis. In addition, funds will provide for costs associated with
the Kosovo Diplomatic Observer Mission, and the evacuation and shutdown
of Belgrade and other posts. Funds will also cover police and justice
programs, principally to provide independent police training.