THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary
REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT, SECRETARY OF STATE MADELEINE ALBRIGHT, AND FORMER SECRETARY OF STATE WARREN CHRISTOPHER AT PORTRAIT UNVEILING OF SECRETARY WARREN CHRISTOPHER The State Department
1:30 P.M. EST
SECRETARY ALBRIGHT: Please be seated. Good afternoon. Mr. President, Secretary Christopher, Marie, Tom, Oya; Secretary Rubin, Secretary Shalala; Sandy; friends and colleagues. I want to welcome you all to the Department of State.
During these very difficult days, this event is a happy one. But it does bring to mind one unfortunate legacy of the Christopher era. As the first female Secretary of State, it was inevitable that the clothes I wear would be subject to scrutiny. But imagine my predicament -- my predecessor was the first Cabinet Secretary in history to be named to People's Magazine's Best Dressed List. (Laughter.) He was our first diplomatic supermodel, Foggy Bottom's answer to -- (laughter) -- to Christy Brinkley and Cheryl Tiegs. (Laughter.)
But kidding aside, from day one, Warren Christopher was a hard act to follow -- not because of the clothes, but because of the man. Chris has served his country brilliantly, not just as a diplomat, but in many other roles as well over the course of a long and remarkable career.
I'm reminded especially of one incident when he was Deputy Attorney General in the Johnson administration. It was 1968, and Washington, DC, had erupted in response to the Martin Luther King assassination. Chris wanted to make sure that the President knew what was happening. So he went down to U Street, the scene of the worst rioting, and gave Johnson up-to-the-minute reports from one of the neighborhood's only working pay phones.
Ten years later, Chris showed that same cool under fire when another President, Jimmy Carter, sent him to Taiwan, shortly after we recognized Beijing as China's sole government. Chris was met at the Tapei Airport by thousands of angry nationalists. They pelted his car with eggs, tomatoes and rocks, broke the windows and starting poking Chris and his party with bamboo sticks. Chris stayed calm and simply gave the mob that look -- you know the one where nothing moves but the eyebrows. (Laughter.) In reporting back to Washington, he said -- and I am not making this up -- "Egg shampoo is the thing this year." (Laughter.)
The broader lesson of these two stories is that Warren Christopher has never been one to stick his head in the sand, to dodge a tough assignment or avoid a tough decision. Given the choice between eagle or ostrich, he's always been an eagle. That choice was reflected in every aspect of Chris's tenure as Secretary of State.
In his confirmation hearings, he recognized that in his words, "Not since the late 1940s has our nation faced the challenge of shaping an entirely new foreign policy for a world that has fundamentally changed. Like our counterparts then, we need to design a new strategy for protecting American interests by laying the foundations for a more just and stable world.
That is the task Warren Christopher and President Clinton set out for our country in 1993. It was a mammoth undertaking, both conceptually and institutionally. And as we are reminded daily, it remains a work in progress. But because of their leadership, we took a remarkable step forward.
In Europe, America led in adapting NATO, inviting new members, and preparing for new missions. In Asia, we reinvigorated our key alliances and worked to keep the powder keg on the Korean Peninsula from exploding. In the Middle East, Chris helped forge the historic peace between Israel and Jordan and kept the Israeli-Palestinian track moving forward despite the assassination of Prime Minister Rabin.
At Dayton, Chris's personal intervention helped end a bloody and tragic war. And from his very first day in office, he focused successfully on key economic issues, such as NAFTA and GATT, and hammered home the argument that lowering trade barriers and expanding global markets were essential foreign policy goals.
Chris did all this while grappling on the home front with the threat of renewed isolationism, with those in Congress and elsewhere who thought that because the Cold War was over we could afford to abandon our leadership role in world affairs. Over and over he made the case that American interests could not be protected without American leadership, and that American leadership could not be maintained on the cheap.
In this and so many other areas, Secretary Christopher made my job easier by framing the debate and achieving progress upon which I have tried to build.
And here let me just add a personal note. I'll never forget going down to Little Rock after the 1992 election to be interviewed by the President-elect about becoming U.N. Ambassador. And it's hard to believe, but the President-elect was running late. Chris saw that I was nervous and invited me to go with him to dinner. After we talked for a while, in a completely empty restaurant, he said, "Madeleine, I should tell you that the President has asked me to become Secretary of State." I was really pleased and grinned and grabbed his arm and said, "Oh, Chris, that is truly great. It's wonderful." And immediately, Chris put his hand on my arm and said, "Don't show any emotion." Of course, there wasn't another person in the whole restaurant. (Laughter.)
Later, I took great pride, and I think Chris did as well, in developing what was the best relationship ever between a Secretary of State and a permanent representative to the United Nations. No one was better to work with than Chris.
The truth is that throughout his tenure Chris demonstrated the personal qualities that have won for him the respect of his countrymen and people around the world. He's a skilled and determined negotiator; in his own way, as tough as they come, steadier than granite, always honorable, and always a man of his word.
Chris's performance as Secretary of State and his record of public service more generally remind me of something Adlai Stevenson once wrote: "What do we mean by patriotism in the context of our time," Stevenson asked. I venture to suggest that what we mean is a sense of national responsibility -- a patriotism which is not short, frenzied outbursts of emotion, but the tranquil dedication of a lifetime. By that measure and any other, Warren Christopher is one of the finest patriots I have ever known.
I gave examples of how Chris risked his life and limb on behalf of his country while working for Presidents Johnson and Carter. And now I have the great pleasure of introducing President Clinton, whom I know has many stories of his own to tell.
Mr. President, you may not have sent Chris into any mob scenes or riots, but you certainly did ask him to go above and beyond the call of duty on many occasions. So it's particularly appropriate that you are here with us this afternoon.
And it is now my honor to introduce the President of the United States, William Jefferson Clinton. (Applause.)
THE PRESIDENT: Thank you very much. Secretary Albright, Chris, Marie, other members of the Cabinet who are here -- Secretary Rubin, Secretary Shalala. We thank very much Tunky Riley and Hattie Babbitt for being here. And were glad that Tom and Oya are here, and past and present officials of the State Department, other distinguished guests.
I would like to begin by saying that it is ironic, but perhaps appropriate, that we are unveiling the portrait of this truly wonderful, distinguished American who did so much to bring peace to Bosnia, at a time when we are engaged in a struggle for peace in Kosovo. I hope you'll just let me say a word about that.
The NATO military operation is continuing today against an expanded range of targets, including Serbian forces on the ground in Kosovo. The allies are united in our outrage over President Milosevic's atrocities against innocent people. We are determined to stay with our policy. As President Chirac said yesterday, what is happening today must strengthen our resolution.
Countries from throughout the Balkans, from Greece to Turkey to Romania to Bulgaria, are helping us to meet the mounting humanitarian crisis. We are all dealing today with the same horrible pattern of conduct we saw in Bosnia. We saw that conduct resume in 1998 in Kosovo, when a quarter of a million innocent people were driven from their homes. We saw it escalate in January and February of this year, as Serbian forces, in violation of the agreement the President had made last October, moved from village to village and atrocity to atrocity, while their leaders pretended to negotiate for peace in France.
Now it is clear that as the Kosovar leaders were saying yes to peace, Mr. Milosevic was planning a new campaign of expulsions and executions in Kosovo. He started carrying out that plan as the talks ended, increasing our sense of urgency that the air strikes NATO had threatened for some time must begin.
Now, lamentably, we have credible reports that his troops are singling out for murder the moderate Kosovar leaders who supported a peaceful solution. Refugees are streaming out, clearly shaken by what they have seen. Altogether, since the conflict started last year, more than half a million people have been forced from their homes.
If there was ever any doubt about what is at stake in Kosovo, Mr. Milosevic is certainly erasing it by his actions. They are the culmination of more than a decade of using ethnic and religious hatred as a justification for uprooting and murdering completely innocent, peaceful civilians to pave Mr. Milosevic's path to absolute power.
The NATO air campaign is designed to raise the price of that policy. Today, he faces the mounting cost of his continued aggression. For a sustained period, he will see that his military will be seriously diminished, key military infrastructure destroyed, the prospect of international support for Serbia's claim to Kosovo increasingly jeopardized.
We must remain steady and determined, with the will to see this through.
I can't think of anyone whose life and career and personality those words -- "steady, determined, the will to see this through" -- I can't think of anyone those words apply better to than Warren Christopher. No worked harder than he did to bring an end to the bloody war in Bosnia. No one worked harder than he did to galvanize the unity in our NATO Alliance that has allowed us to act with resolve today, and gave us the vision to take on new members and new members in the aftermath of the Cold War.
It took time to forge a just peace in Bosnia, because Chris and his team were persistent and prevailed. We must be as persistent today as we were then in pursuit of peace.
He was our first post-Cold War Secretary of State, our first chief diplomat in over 50 years who faced, as Madeleine recently said, the challenge of defining our foreign policy in a world without a single, overriding threat to our security. But he saw that, as did I, as a great opportunity. He was determined to make sure that we maintained our leadership in the world, consistent with our values, our interests and our tradition, and that we remained alive to the new possibilities for peace and prosperity and security that this new world brings.
From the first days of 1993, he was a whirlwind of activity. I like to say -- I used to kid him that he really weighed 250 pounds when he became Secretary of State and he just worked it off. But that's not true. He got up every morning and went running to wake up and get his exercise, and he never stopped running.
He advanced the peace process in the Middle East, from the unforgettable signing on the South Lawn in 1993 to the peace between Israel and Jordan in the Wadi Araba, to the countless days and nights of hard work to keep the process alive through hope and despair after the death of our friend, Prime Minister Rabin.
He led our efforts to secure the agreed framework with North Korea to achieve a secure peace on the Korean Peninsula, to make the Dayton Agreement first a reality. He shepherded our alliances in Europe and Asia into a new historical era.
He tried to bring new unity to our diplomacy, between our diplomatic, our military and our economic strategies, aggressively supporting NAFTA and GATT. He helped us to reach out to the rest of the world in new and innovative ways, through the Asian Pacific Economic Leaders meeting, the Summit of the Americas, the first White House Conference on Africa.
He understood how important it was for us to maintain and intensify our partnership with Russia, and we did a lot of good things together in those four years. More than any other previous Secretary of State, he understood that protecting the environment would become an increasingly important area of international security, requiring greater international cooperation. He put the environment where it belongs in the 21st century -- in the mainstream of our diplomacy.
Like his successor, Chris also fought tenaciously for the resources the State Department needs to do the job you do so well.
Now, Chris had about the lowest ratio of ego to accomplishment of any public servant I've ever worked with. And we can all say these noble things about him. It's true, he never thought you had to hit below the belt to get above the fold in the morning newspaper. He was always willing to go the extra mile for peace, and is now the most-traveled Secretary of State in our history -- though Madeleine seems determined to overtake him. (Laughter.)
All that is true. But just remember one thing: People ask me all the time, how did you ever decide to make Warren Christopher your first Secretary of State? And I said, you know, I don't know, it just sort of came to me in the transition process -- which Warren Christopher ran. (Laughter.) It is a great mistake to underestimate this man. (Laughter.)
Near the end of his book, "In the Stream of History," Chris reveals that he is not fond of emotional good-byes. I have tried with some difficulty to honor his preference. But I'd like to just mention a couple of things from the book because they particularly touched me. He confesses his admiration in the book for George Marshall and Dean Acheson -- two World War II generation public servants who defeated formidable foes, but had the foresight to commit America to continued leadership in a new world.
In his farewell address to the State Department, he summoned their memory. I suspect that his admiration stems from the fact that they were Americans who put the needs of their country above their own; who are modest when they could be, but forceful when they had to be; who possessed the stamina and the steel to accomplish things that were truly extraordinary. He has all those qualities.
And I can tell you, every day I remain grateful that somehow, some way, a few years ago our paths crossed. We became friends and allies. I don't think I've ever known anyone with quite the degree of selfless devotion to public service and aggressive pursuit of the nation's interest put into one compact, brilliant person that I have seen in Warren Christopher.
I am honored by his service and by his friendship. And I thank you all for being here today to unveil his portrait.
Thank you very much. (Applause.)
SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER: Mr. President, Secretary Albright, ladies and gentlemen. Even when the artist is a man like Raymond Kinsler, someone full of courtesy and very good conversation, having your portrait painted is a strange experience -- and it hasn't gotten any stranger. (Laughter.)
At the same time, to anyone who has served in Washington, there is something oddly familiar about it: first, you're painted into a corner, then you're hung out to dry -- (laughter) -- and, finally, you're framed. (Laughter and applause.)
Mr. President, I was surprised and greatly honored that you found time to join us today. It has occurred to me several times that our tradition might well have been to depict institutions, rather than individuals, in the portraits that hang in this Department. If there were a tradition of commissioning paintings of our government and society at various moments in history, painting a picture of this administration's accomplishments, President Clinton's administration's accomplishment would be a great challenge for any artist. How would one convey on canvas America's unparalleled strength and prosperity at this moment, while simultaneously communicating that under the stewardship of this President, we've remained the most caring nation on Earth?
Mr. President, I'm afraid that even my friend, Raymond Kinsler, wouldn't be up to capturing all that you've achieved for America in this century. (Applause.)
I want to turn now to my host, Secretary Albright, and thank her for those exceedingly generous remarks. Psychologists tell us that twins have a special empathy for each other. A twin is said to be affected by any major event in the life of the other, even if it happens halfway around the world. Well, I have that kind of relationship with Madeleine Albright. When she flies to Beijing via Anchorage, then on to Thailand and Indonesia, and from there around the world to London, I feel as if I were with her. When she gets off the plane in London and has to steel herself for protests from Robin Cook over bananas -- (laughter) -- I sense it in my sleep in California. (Laughter.)
Madeleine, I feel your pain -- (laughter) -- and I don't even have to do my hair every morning. (Laughter.)
Madeleine is a remarkable Secretary of State. She's blazed a trail through the most challenging political and social terrain of our time. When I go to a university these days, I've found young women who tell me that they want to be Secretary of State, and thanks to Madeleine, they know that that's possible. Many are even brave enough to ask hard questions to grizzled old diplomats like me in the presence of their male counterparts. Madeleine, you get credit for all of that.
Joining the pantheon of former Secretaries on the wall of the Department inevitably prompts me to reflect on the accomplishments of some of my predecessors. Our first Secretary, Thomas Jefferson, went on to become President. Each of the next three Presidents -- Madison, Monroe, and John Quincy Adams -- first served as Secretary of State. Two of the later Presidents -- Martin Van Buren and James Buchanan -- were also elected as President after serving as Secretary of State.
But since 1850, no Secretary has gone on to be President. Madeleine might well have been the person to restore that grand tradition, but she is up against one obstacle that perhaps is even more formidable than she is -- the Constitution.
During most of the 19th century there was a balance of power in Europe that produced a degree of order and stability. In that period the role of the Secretary of State was mainly to make sure that Europe didn't meddle in our affairs or stifle our growth. For example, a central tenant of Secretary Seward's diplomacy was simple: keep the Europeans out of our civil war.
The 20th century has dramatically expanded the Secretary's role. Two world wars propelled the United States into a position of leadership in the free world, and, fortunately, our 20th century Secretaries were up to the challenge of ensuring America would ultimately triumph over communism -- democracy over communism.
When the Cold War was over the role of the Secretary became more, rather than less, challenging. The rise of global economies, extraordinary advances in technology -- both life enhancing and life threatening -- have greatly complicated the job of the nation's chief diplomat.
Madeleine, I'm glad to have been in your chair when things were a little easier.
I want to close with a word of thanks to the President; to Madeleine for hosting this lovely event; and to all of you for coming; and to the artist, Raymond Kinsler, for his special contribution, one that means more to me than perhaps he knows. Let me explain for just a second.
During the time I was Secretary, I worked to convince the media to adjust their view of my lifestyle and personal style. I had partial success. I remember the one paper which seemed particularly inclined to characterize me as an unspontaneous technocrat, published a nice photograph of me visiting the Sphinx in Egypt. (Laughter.) I was quite pleased until I noticed the caption identified me as the one on the right. (Laughter.) Don't get me wrong, I appreciated the effort. (Laughter.) But thanks to Raymond Kinsler, reporters of the future will be able to tell which one is the Sphinx. (Laughter.)
Thank you all very much. (Applause.)
END 2:05 P.M. EST