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                     Office of the Press Secretary
                           (Dublin, Ireland)
For Immediate Release                                  September 4, 1998
                       REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT
                       Office of the Taoiseach
                           Dublin, Ireland       

11:12 A.M. (L)

Q Mr. President, do you have any comments on Senator Lieberman's remarks?

THE PRESIDENT: I've been briefed on them and basically I agree with what he said. I've already said that I made a bad mistake, it was indefensible, and I'm sorry about it. So I have nothing else to say except that I can't disagree with anyone else who wants to be critical of what I have already acknowledged was indefensible.

Q Do you think the Senate is the right format for --

THE PRESIDENT: That's not for me to say. That's not for me to say. I don't -- I've known Senator Lieberman a long time, we've worked together on a lot of things, and I'm not going to get into commenting on that one way or the other. That's not -- it wouldn't be an appropriate thing for me to do.

Q But do you think it's helpful for him to make that kind of --

THE PRESIDENT: It's not for me to say. But there's nothing that he or anyone else could say in a personally critical way that I -- that I don't imagine that I would disagree with, since I have already said it myself, to myself. And I'm very sorry about it. There's nothing else I could say.

Q Mr. President, do you think an official censure by the Senate would be inappropriate?

THE PRESIDENT: I just don't want to comment on that. I shouldn't be commenting on that while I'm on this trip, and I don't think that -- my understanding is that was not a decision that was made or advocated clearly yesterday. So I don't want to get into that. If that's not an issue, I don't want to make it, one way or the other. I don't think that's appropriate right now.

Q Mr. President, it usually seems to take a visit from you to give the peace process a boost. Will we need to see you again?

THE PRESIDENT: Well, for the sake of the peace process, I hope not. For my own sake, I hope so. But I hope the next time I come it won't be in aid of the peace process because I hope it will be institutionalized and off and going.

I do think that a lot of progress has been made. I give the Taoiseach a lot of credit, Prime Minister Blair, and the party leaders. I think the statements in the last few days by Gerry Adams and Mr. Trimble's response make me quite hopeful about next week. And then, after that we'll just have to see where we go from there.

Q Mr. President, do you believe that from what you've heard from political leaders yesterday that David Trimble is now ready to sit down with Gerry Adams in government in Northern Ireland?

THE PRESIDENT: Well, first of all, they talked about meeting, and I think they need -- I expect that at some point there will be a meeting and I think that's a good thing. And then, we'll have to take the next steps. I think that what you want is -- what we all want is for the agreement to be fully implemented so that all parts of it -- the decommissioning, the participation in government by everyone who qualifies by vote of the people -- all parts of it will be fully implemented. And I think that eventually it will get there, and I hope it's sooner rather than later.

Q Mr. President, what were your views of Omagh yesterday? It was a very emotional day. You seemed to work the crowd so well, you spent a lot of time meeting those people there yesterday. What were your feelings?

THE PRESIDENT: Well, first of all, like everyone in the world that knew about it, I was just overwhelmed by the dimension of the tragedy and the random, cruel nature of the violence. And my experience has been, dealing with the families who have suffered a similar fate, is that they know there's nothing you can do to bring their loved ones back or bring their limbs back or give them sight or whatever else the problem may be, but sometimes just listening to people's story and letting them say what they hope will happen next -- in many cases yesterday, letting them reaffirm their belief in the peace -- sometimes that helps.

And what I was hoping to do yesterday was to bring the support of the people of the United States as well as my own and Hillary's to the families there, and just to give them a chance to continue the healing process.

I must say I was very, very impressed with the people of the community, who turned out on the street where the bomb had exploded in large numbers to say hello to us and to encourage us. And I'm grateful for that. But it was an amazing experience talking to those families in the building there and just listening to them.

Q You were clearly moved by it.

THE PRESIDENT: Anyone would have been.

Q Mr. President, where do you rank the Northern Ireland peace process among the policy initiatives you've pursued in office?

THE PRESIDENT: Oh, I don't know about ranking. It was important to me. Once I realized that there was something the United States could do, which probably happened somewhere in late 1991, long before I was elected, I decided I would try. And I just hope it succeeds.

I believe that -- at the end of the Cold War, I think the United States has a particular responsibility that goes beyond my personal passion for the Irish question to do two things. One is to do whatever we can, wherever we can, to try to minimize the impact of ethnic and religious and tribal and racial conflicts. And we're in this position of responsibility there because of where we find ourselves at the end of the Cold War.

In addition to that, I think we have a particular responsibility to try to organize the world against the new security threats of the 21st century -- the terrorism and narco traffickers, the potential for the spread of weapons of mass destruction. And I have tried to do that.

I don't suspect that either of those jobs will be completely done in 2001 when I leave office, but at least the world will be on the way to having a framework to deal with both the opportunities for peace and the challenges to security. And I think you have to see the Irish question in that context -- apart from my personal feelings about it. Because if you, all of you -- the Prime Minister of Great Britain and the Taoiseach and the Irish party leaders -- if you're able to make this peace go, as I said in Armagh yesterday, then we can say to the places -- to the Middle East, we can say in the Aegean, we can say in the Indian subcontinent, we can say in the tribal strife of Africa, look at this thing that happened in Northern Ireland. There's the Troubles for 30 years, but there were conflicts for hundreds of years; this can be done.

And so the potential impact of resolving this could wash over many more people than just those that live on this island.

Q Mr. President, how do you reconcile the peaceful strides you've made in the Northern process with your foreign policy and your reaction to the threat of Islamic militants and the air strikes on Afghanistan and Sudan?

THE PRESIDENT: Well, I think you have to, first of all, look at what happened in the Middle East and here. In the Middle East and here, I have worked hard to get people to turn away from terror toward a peace process -- not just the Irish parties that had once participated in violence, but in the Middle East it's the same. The PLO has moved away from violence towards the peace process.

The problem with the bombings in our embassies in Africa is that they were carried out by an operation which does not belong to a nation and does not have a claim or a grievance against the particular nation that it wants to resolve so that it can be part of a normal civic life. It is an organization without that kind of political agenda. Its agenda is basically to strike out against the United States, against the West, against the people in the Middle East it doesn't like. And it is funded entirely from private funds under the control of Osama bin Ladin, without the kind of objectives that we see that even on the darkest days the Irish parties that were violent had, the PLO had.

So it's an entirely different thing. And I think it's quite important that people see it as different, because one of the things that we have to fight against is having the world's narco traffickers tie up with these multinational or non-national global terrorist groups in a way that will provide a threat to every country in the world. It's just an entirely different situation.

Q Taoiseach, how important was the President to the developments that took place earlier this week which seemed to have injected a new momentum into the peace process?

PRIME MINISTER AHERN: They were immensely important, because even if Omagh never happened and the terrible tragedy that it was, in early September we had to focus back, preparing for the next meeting of the Assembly, for heading on to preparations for the executive, the North-South Council, and all of the other aspects of the agreement. And we needed to focus very clearly on those. And what the President's visit has done is it has got the parties to, I think, move what might have taken weeks and months over a very short period, because they looked at the agenda that was set before us and they've made the moves.

Now, there are clearly more moves to be made. And I think what the President said in Armagh last night we would totally agree with in the Irish government, because I think he's laying down for us, and for all of us, that there is a path to follow. If we are sensible, if we're brave, and then we follow that path, the reward is peace and stability and confidence. If we don't, well, then the future is as gloomy as the past.

And I just believe that this visit at this time it has been immensely important. It's given confidence to us all, I think, to move on. It's given -- confidence I think to the Unionist Party and Sinn Fein to make moves that are brave and efficient to the process. And we're very grateful not only for this visit, not only for the last visit, but the fact that this President of the United States has given us an enormous amount of time, a huge amount of support, and an enormous amount of encouragement to move forward. And we're very grateful for that.

Q How will history judge his role, President Clinton's role in the Northern Ireland peace process?

PRIME MINISTER AHERN: Well, I always say, President Carter and U.S. Presidents and successive Presidents and administrations have taken an interest in affairs, and a supportive interest. But the facts are, never before have we had such intense and sustained contact from the United States President, and that, in a period when we desperately need it to be able to move forward. I said I think in Washington last March that maybe it was the luck of the Irish, but we don't take it for granted and we're very grateful for it.

THE PRESS: Thank you very much.

END 11:26 A.M. (L)