THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary
REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT TO THE PEOPLE OF SARAJEVO The National Theatre Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina
11:55 A.M. (L)
THE PRESIDENT: Thank you very much. Ladies and gentlemen, I think we should give a round of applause to Farouk and to Masha. They did a wonderful job and I'm very proud of them. (Applause.)
I thank the Sarajevo Philharmonic, President Izetbegovic, President Zubak, members of the Bosnian government; to the religious leaders who are here, the representatives of civilian and voluntary agencies from around the world, the members of the American delegation; to Senator and Mrs. Dole, members of Congress; General Shelton, General Clark, General Shinseki; to the people of Sarajevo and the people of Bosnia.
Let me say that all of us from the United States are very honored to be here; to gather in the dawn after a long darkness. For us this is a season of celebration, and we give thanks that the will for peace has triumphed over the weapons of war. At the edge of the 21st century, we come here to resolve to build a new era, free of the 20th century's worst moments, and full of its most brilliant possibilities.
What my family and I and our party have seen in the streets of Sarajevo has been deeply moving to us. Only a little more than two years ago, men, women and children ran the gauntlet of snipers and shells in a desperate search for water. Now they walk in security to work and school. Then, sheets of plastic covered nearly every window; now there is mostly glass, and plastic is rare. Then, people lived in the rubble of bombed out buildings. Now they have roofs over their heads, heat, electricity and running water. Then, Sarajevo was mired in a deep freeze of destruction. And now through your labors, it has begun to thaw and to grow anew in the sunlight of peace.
Then, shops were barren and cafes were empty. Now they are filled with food and alive with conversation. And my wife and daughter and I just had some of that conversation. And some pretty good coffee, I might add. (Laughter.) We just came from a coffee shop where we were talking to a number of young people who work and study here from all different ethnic backgrounds -- people determined to build a common future, to let go of the destructive past. And I went around the table and let every one of them tell me whatever they wanted to say. And then I said, now, what is the most important thing the United States could do to help you on your way? And in unison they said, stay for a while longer. (Applause.)
Then the time came for us to come here. And Hillary and Chelsea and I walked outside the coffee shop -- and there's a beautiful church just across the street -- and in front of the church, there were three American soldiers who happened to come from a unit from Richmond, Virginia. And we walked over to shake hands with the soldiers -- all enlisted personnel. And one of them said, we're so happy to be here; these are good people and it's a good thing we're doing.
We in the United States are proud of our role in Bosnia's new beginning. Look at the group who came here today from our government: the Secretary of State; three four-star generals; 10 members of Congress, prominent members of Congress from both political parties; my distinguished opponent in the last presidential election, Senator Dole, and Mrs. Dole. Americans care a lot about Bosnia, without regard to their party or their political differences, they care about the people.
We also have distinguished citizens here who have worked with non-governmental organizations. They are a part of the amazing international force of human endeavor that we have seen brought to bear in this remarkable land in the last couple of years; people from all around the world waging a day to day campaign of renewal with you. We are proud that we played a role in helping you to silence the guns and separate the armies, to rebuild road and factories, to reunite children with their families and refugees with their homes, to oversee democratic elections and open the air waves to voices of tolerance, to call to account those accused of war crimes. We are here because you decided to end the suffering and the slaughter, and because we rejected the prospect of another needless war spreading in the heart of Europe. And because citizens all over the world were literally heart-broken by your suffering, and determined to ease it.
To everyone who has taken part in IFOR and SFOR and civilian projects large and small, I'd like to say a simple thank you. And God bless you all for what you have done and what you will do to change the face and the future of Bosnia.
Most of all I come before you with a message for those in whose hands the future of Bosnia lie -- its leaders and its people. For in the end the future is up to you -- not to the Americans, not to the Europeans, not to anyone else.
Two years ago in Dayton, Ohio, the leaders of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia, made a fateful choice for peace. But their responsibility and yours did not end there on that day. In fact, it only began. Your responsibility is to turn the documents signed in Dayton into a living reality; to make good on the pledge to bring Bosnia together as one country, with two multi-ethnic parts, sharing a common destiny. Those who rise to that responsibility will have the full support of the United States and the international community. Those who shirk it, will isolate themselves. The world which continues to invest in your peace rightfully expects that you will do your part. More important, the people of this country expect results and they deserve them.
You have accomplished much, but there is much more to do. You have established the joint institutions of democracy. Now you must work within them sharing power as you share responsibility. You have vowed to welcome back those displaced from their homes by war. Now you must vote for the return program so that they actually can come back with stronger protections for minorities and more job creation. You are working to restore Bosnia's economy. Now you must build up the laws to attract assistance and investment, and root out the corruption that undermines confidence in economies.
You have begun to turn the media from an instrument of hate into a force of tolerance and understanding. Now you must raise it to international standards of objectivity and access, and allow an independent press the freedom to thrive. You are taking the police out of the hands of warlords. Now you must help to reform, retrain and reequip a democratic force that fosters security, not fear. You have pledged to isolate and arrest indicted war criminals. Now you must follow through on that commitment, both for the sake of justice and in the serving of lasting peace.
Most of all, the leaders here, you owe it to your country to bring out the best in people, acting in concert, not conflict; overcoming obstacles, not creating them; rising above petty disputes, not fueling them. In the end, leaders in a democracy must bring out the best in people. But in the end, they serve the people who send them to their positions.
And so to the people of Bosnia, I say today, you must make your desire for peace and a common future clear to the leaders of each group. And you must then give leaders the absolute support they need to make the hard decisions for a common future. The people of Bosnia can make it happen. The example that ordinary citizens set among your neighbors, the standards that you demand from your leaders will determine this nation's fate.
After such a hard war, fighting aggressively for peace is difficult. So many have lost mothers and fathers, husbands and wives, sons and daughters. So many wounds are deep and scars still fresh. Energy may be short, at a time when an extraordinary effort of will is required to wrench yourself from the past and to begin to build a future together. How many people who have suffered as Farouk has suffered can stand clearly, unambiguously for the cause of peace and a common future. Many must, if you are to succeed. And many of you are trying to do that in religious and civic settings of all kinds. I thank all of those who are making organized efforts to build a common future, especially those who are mobilizing women, because they know so painfully how important reconciliation and reconstruction are to your families and your children's future.
What I want all of you to believe today is that you can do it. In our time, from Guatemala to South Africa, from El Salvador to Northern Ireland, people are turning from conflict to conciliation. Still, the impulse to divide, if not to actually fight and kill over ethnic or religious or racial differences, runs deep in human nature across the globe. It seems to be rooted in a fear of those who are different from ourselves, and a false sense of superiority and security, that separation and striving for supremacy seem to offer.
In America for a long time, one race literally enslaved another. It took the bloodiest war in our history to break the chains of bondage and more than 100 years of effort since then to root out their consequences. And we're still working at it. But we grow always stronger as we let more and more of our fears and prejudices go. The more we recognize that as we live and work and learn together, what we have in common is far more important than our differences. So that across all those differences, together we affirm our devotion to faith and to family. We seek opportunity for all and responsibility from all. We believe we are immeasurably stronger as one America than as a collection of separate, hostile camps. And this is a point of special importance to you. We find that affirming our union allows us the security to respect, even to celebrate, our differences.
As we in America look ahead to a new century, we have people from over 180 different racial and ethnic groups who now call America home. We have embarked on a great national dialogue across those groups about how we can live and prosper together in a new millennium. I would urge all of you to do the same thing here -- to find more opportunities at the grass roots; to reach across the lines of division for the sake of your children and your future. I know that especially to the young people here, finding strength in your diversity may seem like an act of faith that requires quite a leap.
Many young people recall little before the war. One teenage Sarajevan said recently, it's not just a question of starting again; it's a question of just starting. But I think it is important that all of you remember and teach that the war did violence not only to Bosnia's people, but also to its history, its own tradition of tolerance. Just minutes from here, standing within yards from one another are a mosque, an orthodox church, a Catholic church and a synagogue, reminding us that generations or Muslims, Orthodox Christians, Catholics and Jews live side by side and enrich the world by their example here; built schools and libraries and wondrous places of worship. Part of that population laid down their tools on Friday, part on Saturday and part on Sunday. But their lives were woven together by marriage and culture, by work and common language and a shared pride in a place all could call home. That past should be remembered. And you should do everything in your power to make it a prologue. History can be your ally, not your enemy.
I am persuaded, having served in this office for five years, that the real differences around the world today are not between Jews and Arabs; Protestants and Catholics; Muslims, Croats and Serbs. The real differences are between those who embrace peace and those who would destroy it; between those who look to the future and those who cling to the past; between those who open their arms and those who are determined to clench their fists; between those who believe that God made all of us equal and those foolish enough to believe they are superior to others just because of the color of their skin, of the religion of their families, of their ethnic background. This is a very small nation on an increasingly small planet. None of us has the moral standing to look down on another and we should stop it. (Applause.)
I was thrilled that the Sarajevo Symphony played before I was introduced to speak. Its violinist and cellist, percussionist and flutist, played together before the war, stayed together during the war, answered the mortars and shells with the sounds of music. Seven of the members were killed -- Muslims, Croats and Serbs. Well, they're still here, and they're still Muslims, Croats and Serbs. And to tell you the truth, I know the tuba players from the violinists, but I can't tell the Muslims from the Croats from the Serbs. The harmony of their disparate voices -- the harmony of their disparate voices -- is what I hear. It reminds me of Bosnia's best past and it should be the clarion call to your future.
Here at the dawn of the new millennium, let us recall that the century we are leaving began with the sound of gunfire in Sarajevo. And let us vow to start the new century with the music of peace in Sarajevo.
To the people of Bosnia I say, you have seen what war has wrought; now you know what peace can bring. So seize the chance before you. You can do nothing to change the past; but if you can let it go, you can do everything to build a future. The world is watching, and the world is with you. But the choice is yours. May you make the right one.
Thank you, and God bless you. (Applause.)
END 12:15 P.M. (L)