THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary
REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT BY SATELLITE TO THE LEAGUE OF UNITED LATIN AMERICAN CITIZENS
The White House
11:12 A.M. EDT
THE PRESIDENT: Thank you very much. Thank you, President Robles. I enjoyed very much our meeting with you and your board members a few days ago, and I know since then several members of my administration have had the chance to visit with you during your convention -- our United Nations Ambassador, Bill Richardson; SBA Administrator Aida Alvarez; Ida Castro, the Director oF Women's Bureau at the Labor Department and my Deputy Assistant for Legislative Affairs, Janet Murguia. Secretary Pena would have been there, too, except that he has just become a new dad for the third time -- little Ryan Federico, so he now has a namesake. (Applause.)
I thank you for inviting me to join you in celebrating the achievements of LULAC and of Latinos across our nation. Lulac has a proud history, and for more than 55 years now you've fought to advance the rights and the opportunities of Hispanic Americans, and in so doing, your dedication has helped all of America.
Two weeks ago I asked all Americans to join me in thinking about and talking about how America can use our great diversity of race and ethnicity as a strength to get past our divisions and closer to what unites us so that we can become the world's greatest multiracial, multiethnic democracy in the 21st century. Hispanic Americans must be a big part of the initiative. Latinos represent the youngest and fastest-growing population in our nation and in many ways America's success depends upon Hispanic success. That's why we have to all work in partnership to create a plan of action to allow every child to make the most of his or her life.
Earlier this week Aida Alvarez and I met with Belen and the LULAC executive council, as a I said a moment ago. We had a very constructive talk about the work that still needs to be done to ensure that Hispanics share in the fruits of a strong economy. In the last four years, the Hispanic unemployment rate has gone down from 11.3 percent when I took office, to about 7.4 percent in May. That's been one of the great dividends of more than 12 million new jobs created in our economy. And when we won a raise in the minimum wage, 1.6 million Hispanic workers benefitted directly.
In the first three years of our administration, more than 220,000 new Hispanic-American-owned businesses were created. Our Small Business Administration helped even more Latino-owned businesses to get the management training and counseling they need to succeed. A new study shows that between 1987 and 1996, the number of companies owned by Hispanic women, in particular, has grown at three times the overall rate of business growth. All of this signals progress.
But our work is far from over. That's because despite a strong work ethic and a strong sense of personal responsibility, Hispanic Americans are the only racial or ethnic group in America that has experienced a decline in income during our current economic boom. One big reason is the high Hispanic high school dropout rate -- it's far above that of blacks and whites; it's holding young Hispanics back. Many times these dropouts only want to help their families by bringing in income. But long, hard hours at the low-paying jobs will never amount to the earning potential of someone who stays in school. In the new economy, education is the key and responsibility means staying in school. That's the message we must get out to young Latinos.
I know you share my concern that too many Latino youth are missing out on an education. I'm especially pleased by the interest your organization has shown for our America Reads initiative. Since our meeting on Monday, your President has spoken with Carol Rasco at our Department of Education and we have committed to work with LULAC to ensure that LULAC volunteers are a critical part of this important effort.
Latinos know about helping others --an impressive 15 percent of the participants in our AmeriCorps program of national service are Hispanic. With your help in the participation of AmeriCorps and other volunteers, we'll be able to mobilize a million people to make sure that all of our children can read independently by the 3rd grade. America Reads will help our children to succeed and to stay in school.
I want all young people to have the tools they need. That's why our budget agreement increases funding for bilingual education by 27 percent. It's the bridge that some students need to achieve in English. (Applause.) We've also worked to widen access to college, with the largest increase in Pell Grants in two decades, a big increase in work study funds, and by proposing scholarships that would make two years at a community college affordable for every single family -- because I believe the 13th and 14th years of school must become as universal as a high school diploma is today.
We also want every family to be able to deduct up to $10,000 a year to help pay for the cost of any higher education after high school. All that is part of the biggest increase in higher education since the G.I. Bill 50 years ago, and it's included in our balanced budget proposal. We are working with Congress to ensure that the budget agreement does not short-change education. And I ask you to stand with us in that. (Applause.)
I also want to tell you where we are in the budget negotiations on the matter of benefits for legal immigrants. As you know, when Congress enacted last year's welfare law it included provisions affecting legal immigrants that were harsh and had nothing to do with the real goal of welfare reform, moving people from welfare to work. Since then, we've worked hard to restore SSI and Medicaid eligibility for disabled legal immigrants. I place a great deal of importance on this issue and I'm hopeful that with the recent Senate action we will be able to restore benefits to both disabled and elderly non-disabled immigrants who were in the United States when the law was signed last August. (Applause.)
We all have a role to play in making a better future for coming generations. Citizens and government must work together. We've got to give every child a fair chance to live out his or her dreams. We have to give every child a safe place to grow up. We have to give all of our children decent health care, a world-class education, and a more united, stronger America -- one America.
I applaud LULAC for your commitment to improving the lives of Hispanic citizens, and I look forward to continuing our work and partnership toward the great goal of one America for the 21st century. Thank you and God bless you. (Applause.)
MS. ROBLES: Thank you very much, Mr. President. And now, if you will permit us, we do have some questions from the LULAC membership. And I would like to introduce to you the national president of the LULAC youths, a senior at Skyline High School in Dallas, Texas, that will pose the first question.
Q Good morning, Mr. President.
THE PRESIDENT: Good morning, Alejandro.
Q As you are aware, the Hispanic high school dropout rate is extremely high. Allowed to continue, this problem would devastate the Hispanic community. What initiatives are you already undertaking to reduce the dropout rate in Hispanic communities? And what additional steps can be taken to alleviate this problem?
THE PRESIDENT: First of all, let me say that I take this problem very, very seriously. I have been talking about it all across America. I raised it at the University of California in San Diego at my race speech, where 45 percent of the graduates in the class were Hispanics. I think that we all understand what we have to do here. I have charged Gene Sperling, who is the head of National Economic Council, and Maria Echaveste, who heads my Office of Public Liaison, to make sure that our educational initiatives address the specific concerns regarding Hispanic dropouts. They, along with the Department of Education, will work with the congressional Hispanic Caucus and other Hispanic leaders to evaluate our current programs to identify positive actions that can be taken right now to increase the percentage of Latinos graduating from high school and increase the number going on to college.
Let me just mention two or three specific things that I think can be done. Number one, if we can succeed in our goal of making sure that every 8-year-old is proficient in reading by the 3rd grade, that will increase the ability of children whose first language is not English to do well in school, and it will increase the chances that they will stay there.
Number two, having national standards for all children will help Hispanic students. I spoke with the wonderful Latino superintendent of the San Antonio, Texas, School District the day before yesterday, and she said that San Antonio would become the first large city in Texas to participate in our national standards program -- (applause) -- including testing 4th graders for reading and 8th graders for math in 1999. Why? Because they are learning in San Antonio that when you raise academic standards, you make school more inte resting and more meaningful to people, and they are far less likely to drop out.
So I believe raising these standards and giving children the chance to get a good education in high school will, in fact, lead to a substantial reduction in the Hispanic dropout rate, especially if we've done our job on reading in the early grades.
Now, in addition to that, I think it is very, very important that we follow up on another one of the goals of the Presidents' Summit of Service. We need to make sure that all these young people who are at risk of dropping out have an adult mentor who is working what them, trying to help them and encourage them to stay in school and continue on their road in education.
So I think that that is another thing that we really need to focus on. We know from experience in community after community after community that if there is at least one caring adult which is trying to tie the young boy or the young girl to school, to school life and help them succeed, that will also make a big difference.
So those are just three things that I think we should start with. But we're going to work on it here at the White House, we're going to work with the congressional Hispanic Caucus and the Department of Education. And we want to do everything we can to make sure that there are more young people like you as we move into the 21st century. (Applause.)
MS. ROBLES: Thank you very much, Mr. President. And now I would like to introduce to you the District Director of LULAC in Hollister, California, Ms. Micki Luna (phonetic.) (Applause.)
Q Greetings from the Golden State of California, Mr. President.
THE PRESIDENT: Hello.
Q We applaud your recent announcement to create a commission to study race relations in our country. However, we are increasingly concerned about the effects of California's Proposition 209, which eliminated affirmative action programs in our community. What actions are you taking to lessen or to reverse the effects of Proposition 209, which have already drastically lowered Hispanic enrollment in higher education within the university system of California?
THE PRESIDENT: Well, Micki, first of all, I've tried to continue to speak out in favor of affirmative action as I have been, as you know, for the last several years, to discourage anyone else from doing the same thing. I think that's very important.
Secondly, I have asked the Domestic Policy Council to coordinate a review by the Justice Department and the Education Department on the impact of Proposition 209 and the Hopwood decision in Texas. We need to make sure that we do everything we can to keep the doors of higher education open to all Americans, including all minorities. We are looking for specific things that we can do to ensure that higher education does not become segregated, or that the progress we've made over the last 20 years is not reversed.
Secondly, I think we need to do more in secondary schools to prepare young people for college. If we can really implement the standards movement that I'm pushing for over the country and get all the schools, like the San Antonio district, to participate, what we will see is that we will do a better job of giving our young people the tools they need to get into college in the first place.
One of the things that I have noted is that so many affirmative action students have done very, very well in the universities of our country. They've also improved the quality of education there for other students by diversifying the student body. And because they do well it means that they could have done better on the entrance test, they could have done better in the beginning if we, their parent's generation, had provided them a finer elementary and secondary education. So I think that's a big part of this answer, too.
But I'm not willing to give up on affirmative action and education. I'm not about to give up on it. And we are expl oring what our legal options are, as well as what policies we might implement to try to stop public higher education in America from becoming resegregated. (Applause.)
MS. RUBLES: Thank you, Mr. President. And at this time may I introduce to you the LULAC national vice president for the Southwest from Dallas, Texas, Mr. Hector Flores (phonetic).
Q Thank you, Madam Chair. Good morning, Mr. President.
THE PRESIDENT: Good morning, Hector.
Q I'm glad to see you again.
THE PRESIDENT: Thank you.
Q Mr. President, despite the general low level of unemployment throughout the country, our communities along the U.S. and Mexican border continue to experience high unemployment levels, ranging from as high as 12 to 15 percent. Will you work with LULAC to increase empowerment zones along the border to reduce the devastating high level of unemployment in these areas, sir?
THE PRESIDENT: The short answer to your question is, yes, I will do what I can to increase the availability of empowerment zones, enterprise communities, incentives in all the high unemployment areas of our country.
Two weeks ago, the Vice President was in Southwest Texas and hosted a town hall meeting in McAllen at the Southwest Border Conference. It was a gathering of over 200 people from the rural empowerment zones, including mayors, local elected officials, representatives from five states that are involved in these issues. And one of the things we learned is that we must have economic development along the borders to combat these double-digit unemployment rates.
We're working to find additional moneys now to fund more zones to help people help themselves. And let me say that in my budget I call for a doubling of the number of empowerment zones and enterprise communities. We know that these things will work. (Applause). Thank you.
One of the continuing struggles I'm having up here in Congress to get the right kind of balanced budget is to get the Senate and the House to agree to invest funds in the empowerment zones, in the enterprise communities. Now, we've had one empowerment zone in South Texas. You know that it can work. And one of the things I'd like to ask LULAC to do is to write or call the members of the House and the Senate who represent the border states and remind them that these empowerment zones are important and that they will work. We've got to get in the final budget coming to me -- we have got to get funds for the empowerment zones and the enterprise communities, because we know we have to turn these communities that are in difficult shape, that have not participated in our economic revival, we know we've got to turn them around one by one with local leadership and private sector investment.
I will do my part. But when you leave here I want to implore you all to contact the members of Congress, especially in the border states, and intensely argue for not only reauthorization of the empowerment zones, but to expand their number. If you do, I will go in there and work with you to get these high unemployment areas fully participating in our economic recovery. Thank you. (Applause.)
Q Thank you, Mr. President.
THE PRESIDENT: Thank you.
MS. ROBLES: Thank you, Mr. President. On behalf of all the LULAC membership, 110,000 grass-roots members from across the United States and the Island of Puerto Rico, I thank you. I particularly want to thank you also on behalf of the state director of the State of Arkansas, Mr. Ben Rodriguez --
THE PRESIDENT: My long-time friend.
MS. ROBLES: -- and the membership of your native state.
THE PRESIDENT: Thank you. Tell him I said hello. Bless you.
MS. ROBLES: He's here in the audience here and he's listening to you.
THE PRESIDENT: Hello, Ben. (Applause.)
END 11:30 A.M. EDT