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Office of the Press Secretary

For Immediate Release May 19, 1997
                       REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT
                         The Mayflower Hotel
                           Washington, D.C.                          

8:00 P.M. EDT

THE PRESIDENT: Thank you. Please be seated. Thank you, Tom, and thank you, Cynthia, for your wonderful work. And I want to thank Steve Grossman and Alan Solomont and all the folks at the DNC for what they have done. I thank Secretary Babbitt and Ambassador Babbitt for coming tonight. And mostly, I want to thank you for being a part of these two very important components of our party's effort to take our country into a new century.

As you might imagine, I'm feeling pretty good about things right now. I'm very happy about the budget agreement, very happy for our country. But I think it's worth pointing out that where we are today is a function of the work of tens of millions of Americans in their own lives making the most of those lives, and also a direct function of the changes that we brought to Washington four and a half years ago.

I was convinced in 1992 when I sought the presidency that we had to change the economic policy of the country if we wanted to build a structure of opportunity that would keep the American Dream alive for all Americans. I was convinced that we would have to change the social policy of the country if we wanted to have an American community that really worked instead of being divided by race and region and religion, and paralyzed by crime. And I was convinced we would have to change the role of government and that we needed a very expansive view of what our responsibilities in the world are.

And in so many ways, the conditions we enjoy in America today are the direct result of our country moving forward in all three of those areas. And I'd just like to say that we changed the economic policy to go from running deficits as far as the eye could see to bringing down the deficit, but continuing to invest more in education, research, development, technology, science, while we were cutting back on the rest of government, and expanding trade throughout the world. And a lot of people said it wouldn't work.

But four years later, the deficit has been reduced -- before this balanced budget package is ever voted on, we will have a deficit that is 77 percent lower than it was the day I took office. (Applause.) And I'm proud of that, and you should be, too.

And our economy produced a record 12 million new jobs in the last four years. The unemployment rate is the lowest it's been in 24 years; the inflation rate the lowest in 30 years; the business investment rate the highest in 35 years. I'm proud of those things. I'm also proud as a Democrat that income inequality last year dropped by the largest amount since the 1960s, so that more and more ordinary Americans are beginning to participate in the benefits of a growing economy. And that is important, because we've had 20 years in which, because of competitive problems and a lot of other things, inequality among working people has increased in times where the economy is expanding and shrinking.

So these things are important and we should feel good about them. I am proud of the fact that crime has gone down for five years in a row for the first time in about a quarter of a century; that we had the biggest drop in welfare rolls before the welfare reform bill passed, in 50 years. (Applause.) Fifty years. And I'm proud of that. And you should be proud of that.

I'm proud of the fact that the world has moved closer toward peace and freedom than it was four years ago, in spite of all the problems we have. And in the last four months and a couple of weeks, since the Inauguration, we can take some genuine pride in what has happened. In terms of creating opportunity, we negotiated a telecommunications agreement with the rest of the world which will open up 90 percent of the world's markets to American sellers and producers of telecommunications services and equipment. It will create hundreds of thousands of high-wage jobs in America over the next few years.

This balanced budget agreement will keep the deficit coming down; it will keep interest rates down; it will lengthen the economic recovery. It also contains almost everything that I advocated in the campaign of 1996. You heard Cynthia say that it has the biggest increase in educational investment in a generation. It also has the biggest expansion of aid for people to go to college since 1945, since the G.I. Bill came in. It has the biggest increase in Pell Grant scholarships for poor students in 20 years, and will provide tax deductions and tax credits to make the first two years of college as universal as a high school diploma is today, and to put college within reach of all Americans. I think that is very important and I hope you do, too. (Applause.)

With the Secretary of the Interior here, I can't help noting that it also has a very strong environmental budget. It protects our parks and enables us to continue our historic work of rescuing the Florida Everglades from destruction, and will enable us to clean up 500 toxic waste dumps, the most dangerous ones in this country, in the next four years.

The plan will extend -- (applause.) That's worth clapping for. The plan will extend health coverage to half of the 10 million children in America who don't have any health insurance. And these are in working families, these children are in working families. (Applause.)

The plan will restore, as I pledged to do in 1996, a lot of unfair cuts in assistance to legal immigrants and their children who come here lawfully and have misfortunes visit them. It will also provide funds to help cities in our high unemployment areas hire people who run out of their welfare benefits and have to go to work. And it will provide tax incentives for businesses to hire people from welfare to work.

So it is a good budget. There are tax provisions in this budget, the budget will contain some form of capital gains tax, some form of estate tax relief, the entire education tax package I generally described to you, and some tax relief for families with children, minor children in the home, to help them deal with their child care and other costs. But the cost of this package is sharply circumscribed, and by agreement with the leaders of the Congress, it will -- to give you some idea of it -- in today's dollars it will only be about one-tenth as costly as the huge tax cut that was passed in 1981.

So don't let anybody tell you that we have agreed to blow a big hole in the deficit. We have not done so and we will not do so and I will not permit such a bill to become law. The bill we agreed to is a good-faith compromise reached by Republicans and Democrats, but it validates the economic direction this administration took. And it would not have been possible -- none of this would have been possible if we hadn't passed the economic package back in 1993, with only members of our party supporting it and with no votes to spare -- the Vice President broke the tie in the Senate and, as he says, "Whenever I vote, we win." (Laughter.)

So this is a happy day. This budget is good for America. The telecommunications agreement is good for America. We're moving forward economically. We're also moving forward to try to come together more. I'm trying to pass a juvenile justice bill in the Congress which will give communities the resources and the help they need to try to restore civility and calm and order to the lives of our young people.

In most of America, while crime is going down precipitously, the crime rate among people under 18 is continuing to rise, leveling off only last year. But in some places in America, it's a different story. In Boston, Massachusetts, there has not been a single child killed with a gun in 18 months. (Applause.) Not a single child. In Houston, Texas, where the mayor opened an inner-city soccer program and an inner-city golf program -- pre-Tiger Woods -- (laughter) -- he had 3,000 kids in the soccer program, 2,500 kids in the golf program, and the crime rate among juveniles went down. (Applause.)

So I'm doing my best to pass a juvenile justice bill that will follow up with what the crime bill did in 1994, and keep the crime rate coming down. Tomorrow I'll have an important announcement on welfare reform to try to move more people from welfare to work. There is a lot to do out there, but we are moving in the right direction, and you should feel good about your country.

On the world front, we've ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention, which will make every community in America safer from terrorism and crime in the future, from poison gas; we have reached an agreement between NATO and Russia that will have a partnership instead of enmity between NATO and Russia; and we will, in July, expand NATO for the first time. We are moving toward a more peaceful, more stable, more democratic world.

I just got back from a very successful trip to Mexico and Central America and the Caribbean, and I just have to tell you that I'm convinced that the direction we're taking is the right one. But we still have some tough decisions to make and we can't rest on our laurels.

First of all, we've got to pass the budget and then we have to see that the terms of the agreement become law in the appropriations bills. Secondly, we have to deal -- now that we've dealt with the structural deficit in American life, in the years ahead we're going to have to deal with the generational deficit. That is, we have to make sure that the burden of us baby boomers retiring does not bankrupt our children, number one; and, number two, we have to do something about the fact that while we have the lowest poverty rate ever recorded among senior citizens in America last year -- something I am proud of, that's a good thing and America should be proud of it -- the poverty rate among children under 18 was almost twice the poverty rate among Americans over 65. So we have challenges still out there awaiting us.

But what I want to say to you is, we can look at the last four years and we can look at the last four months and understand that as a country our problems are like the problems of any other human endeavor -- they yield to effort. When you move away from the rhetoric and you move away from the hot air and you sit down

in good faith and you say, what do we have to do to keep opportunity alive in America, what do we have to do to be a stronger American community, what do we have to do to preserve our leadership role in the world, we can do these things.

Just one last issue that I'm very concerned about, and that is -- and as I look around this room I'm proud of this room for many reasons, but I think the fact that we are becoming the world's most diverse democracy in terms of race and ethnicity and religion is a huge asset in a world that's getting smaller and smaller and smaller. (Applause.) And having worked in Bosnia, Northern Ireland, the Middle East and in the Aegean, I am mindful of the fact that racial and ethnic conflicts are difficult and thorny things. Having pleaded with my friends in Pakistan and India to try to resolve their difficulties -- I'm glad to see them talking now -- I'm mindful to the fact that these are difficult things.

But we should be able to see, both from the heartbreak of other countries in the world and from the enormous opportunities we are creating for ourselves, that if we can find a way to respect our differences and be bound closely together by our shared values, it is, I think, very likely that the United States in the next 50 years -- even though we will be a smaller percentage of the world's population and a smaller percentage of its overall economy -- I think it is very likely that we will have even more positive influence in the next 50 years than we did in the last 50 years.

But the number one question that will determine that --mark my words -- is not an economic question or a government budget question, it is whether we can learn to live together across the lines that divide us. That is the single most significant thing in my judgment, along with whether we are willing to exercise our leadership in the world, that will determine the shape of the next 50 years. So I intend to work hard on the that, and I want you to help me. (Applause.)

The last thing I would like to say is that, again, regarding your presence here tonight. What you have done is to invest in the world of America. The purpose of political parties, in my judgment, is not only to win elections, but to give people a forum within which they can become organized to express their views and to have people who represent their views act in the public interest. Because you are here, because you have supported us, because we won the last election, because we are moving forward, this country is a better place. And you made a contribution to that. You continue to do it. And I hope tonight when you go home, you will be very proud of it. Thank you and God bless you. (Applause.)

END 8:13 P.M. EDT