MEMORANDUM FOR THE HEADS OF EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES
SUBJECT: Government Employment for Welfare Recipients
Since I signed the historic welfare reform law, I have urged
businesses, nonprofit organizations, and religious groups
across the Nation to help make its promise of opportunity real
by offering jobs to welfare recipients. We are making great
progress, but there is more to do. And today, I take action
to ensure that the Federal Government, as the Nation's largest
employer, contributes to the greatest extent possible to this
I therefore direct each of you, as head of an agency or
department, to use all available hiring authorities, consistent
with statute and prior executive memoranda, to hire people off
the welfare rolls into available job positions in the
In particular, I direct you to expand the use of the
WorkerTrainee Program and other excepted service hiring
authorities. The Worker-Trainee Program allows agencies to
quickly and easily hire entry-level persons for up to 3 years,
with the ability to convert the appointment to career status
if the employee has performed satisfactorily. Though recently
underutilized, the program allows agencies to bypass complex
Federal personnel hiring rules and procedures to bring people
into the junior grades of the work force.
I further direct you, in recognition of the different
characteristics of the various agencies' work forces, to
prepare an individualized plan for hiring welfare recipients
and to submit that plan to me within 30 days. This plan
should have three principal components:
The plan should contain a survey indicating in which
divisions and for which categories of positions your
agency can most easily hire welfare recipients, both
in the Washington, D.C. area, and in the field.
The plan should describe in detail how the agency intends
to recruit and hire qualified welfare recipients. This
description should include a proposed local outreach
program, and utilize Federal Executive Boards and Federal
Executive Agencies to bring Federal job opportunities to
the attention of welfare offices, State and private
employment offices, nonprofit organizations, and others
that work with welfare recipients on a regular basis.
This program should build upon the Government's existing
nationwide employment information systems.
The plan should describe in detail how the agency will
assist welfare recipients, once hired, to perform well
and to keep their jobs. The agency should include in
this aspect of the plan proposals for on-the-job training
and/or mentoring programs.
I expect each agency head to report to me about his or her plan
at a special cabinet meeting called for that purpose. Following
this meeting, I also expect monthly reports on implementation.
To ensure deep and continuing involvement in this issue by the
White House, I ask the Vice President to oversee this effort.
Based on his expertise in Federal workplace issues, he will
assist all agencies in carrying out their commitments.
Finally, I direct appropriate agencies to take three steps that
will help bring welfare recipients into the Federal work force
while assisting all other low-income Federal employees.
I direct each agency head to notify all employees eligible
for the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) of both their
eligibility and their ability to receive EITC monies each
month in their paychecks. Currently, not all agencies
inform qualifying employees of their eligibility and
options for payment. To insure uniform implementation,
I direct the Secretary of the Treasury to issue to each
agency within 15 days a statement of EITC eligibility
rules which agencies can use to inform their employees.
I direct the General Services Administration (GSA) to
issue within 30 days guidelines regarding use of the
Federal Fare Subsidy Program. These guidelines should
address whether agencies may offer fare subsidies based
on employee income, which would enable more agencies
to participate in the Fare Subsidy Program.
I direct the GSA, after consultation with all Federal
agencies, to report back to me within 30 days on plans
to assist low-income Federal workers in finding affordable
child care. This report shall include information on
agency-sponsored child care centers and agency contracts
with local child care resource and referral services, as
well as recommendations on any appropriate expansion of
these arrangements to provide assistance to low-income