View Header


Office of the Press Secretary

For Immediate Release February 1, 1994
                       REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT

The Oval Office

3:38 P.M. EST

THE PRESIDENT: Good afternoon. For tens of millions of Americans the civil rights division of the Department of Justice has historically embodied what is best about our country. It's helped us to keep the promise of our Constitution, to provide to every American equal opportunity and equal protection under the law, regardless of race or gender or disability.

Because of our pursuit of equal treatment under the law, we've made a lot of progress in this country -- in the workplace, in the schools, in the voting booths and in the courts. But there is still much more to be done. We need a strong and aggressive civil rights division and a strong and compassionate advocate for freedom and fairness at the helm of that division.

Today I am proud to nominate Deval Patrick to be Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights. I believe he is uniquely qualified to lead this division in this decade. He's been chosen because he has distinguished himself as a lawyer whose wise counsel, keen negotiating skills and mastery at litigation are held in the highest esteem.

He's fought successfully against discrimination and for civil rights for his entire life, both professionally and personally. He understands that the law is a tool to help real people with real problems. He's here with his family today, having come a long way from his childhood on the south side of Chicago through a distinguished academic and professional career of which any American could be proud.

The quest for civil rights gives life to our highest ideals and our deepest hopes. For his entire career Deval Patrick has played a role in that struggle and he has made a real difference. Therefore, I know he will perform in a very outstanding manner in his new role as Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights.

Mr. Patrick. (Applause.)

Attorney General? (Laughter.) I don't know what order he's in -- (laughter.)

MR. PATRICK: Stick with me. (Laughter.)

THE PRESIDENT: That's the idea. (Laughter.)

ATTORNEY GENERAL RENO: You have just seen an example of how Mr. Patrick impressed me in the meetings that I have had with him. He has impressed me as person who cares deeply about others, who cares deeply about the law as an instrument to ensure equal justice for all.

He grew up, as the President said, on Chicago's south side. His grade school was next door to the Robert Taylor Homes, one of the poorest public housing projects in the country. When he was in the eighth grade, he learned about a program called, A Better Chance, which provided scholarships for youngsters who might otherwise be forgotten. Deval Patrick grabbed his chance.

He was accepted by the program and attended Milton Academy outside of Boston. He then won a scholarship to Harvard University. Then he won a Rockefeller Fellowship for United Nations work with poor children in the Sudan. He returned to Harvard Law School where he was President of the Legal Aid Bureau, which provided free legal services to the community's neediest residents. After graduating from Harvard, he could have had probably any job he wanted with just about any law firm in America. But instead, he chose to practice civil rights law with the NAACP Legal Defense Fund. And he developed expertise and experience as a litigator, particularly in the voting rights area.

At the Legal Defense Fund, he distinguished himself as a person. People who worked with him during that time talk about both his ability as a lawyer and his ability to relate to people and to motivate people to do their very best. His commitment to public service and civil rights has continued. During the last eight years of his private practice, he has devoted 30 percent of his time pro bono to community projects.

This is a caring, dedicated individual who will ensure the vigorous, fair, comprehensive enforcement of our civil rights laws. And I'm going to be proud to be working with him.

Mr. Patrick. (Applause.)

MR. PATRICK: Mr. President, Mr. Vice President, General Reno. I am deeply honored by the expression of confidence which this nomination represents. But more than that, I am humbled. I am humbled because I know that I am standing here on the shoulders of so many women and men who have reached out to me in so many different ways over the years; and more than that, on the shoulders of those courageous advocates of every type and kind who have had the guts to stand up in some court somewhere and give the Constitution life.

I pledge to be true to that legacy and also to the legacy of the American people in the expression of their highest and most generous sense of justice. And I thank you all very much. Thank you. (Applause.)

Q Mr. President, conservative groups are already attacking Mr. Patrick, the same groups that attacked Lani Guinier, saying that he is the "Stealth Guinier." How are you going to sell this nomination and make sure that your view of his record gets out accurately?

THE PRESIDENT: Well, I think that this nomination may be about those groups and whether they're proceeding in good faith. That is, you know, before those groups said, well, we don't object to Lani Guinier's career as a lawyer, we just don't agree with her writings about future remedies. So now when they say "Stealth Guinier," what they mean is that both these people have distinguished legal careers in trying to enforce the civil rights laws of the country. I hope that Mr. Patrick would plead guilty to that.

And the truth is a lot of those people are going to be exposed because they never believed in the civil rights laws, they never believed in equal opportunity, they never lifted a finger to give anybody of a minority race a chance in this country. And this time, if they try that, it's going to be about them, because they won't be able to say it's about somebody's writings, about future

remedies. If they attack his record it means just exactly what we've all suspected all along, they don't give a riff about civil rights.

Well, those of us who care about civil rights were elected by the American people to take care of them. That 's what we intended to do.

Q Mr. President, do you agree with his argument that the death penalty is racially discriminatory against blacks?

THE PRESIDENT: Do I agree? He's made that argument in court. I don't agree with that, no.

Q A 1987 Supreme Court case.


Q Have you talked with him about --

THE PRESIDENT: But I think the most compelling evidence that was introduced to support it, as I've said many times as a supporter of capital punishment, is that the race of the victim seems to determine the outcome of the verdict. There's a lot of evidence -- the Supreme Court actually did not reject that evidence. They just said that that was not sufficient to outlaw the penalty as a constitutional matter. And I have repeatedly said I think that we -- every state prosecutor ought to examine that. If there is evidence -- every state ought to look and see, is there evidence that there's a disparity in the application of this penalty based on the race of the victim. If there is, states ought to take steps to try to do something about it.

Q Mr. President, Senator Dole says that your staff shouldn't go around calling people liars just because they disagree with them on health care. Is this exchange beginning to escalate out of hand?

THE PRESIDENT: No. I don't know what he's talking about. I'm sorry, I can't -- I don't --

Q Well, he's talking about the reply that your office put out to an article about the Clinton health plan in the New Republic last week, which goes in several places to say that they are blatant lies. He was addressing it specifically to Mr. Magaziner.

THE PRESIDENT: Well, I hate to use that word, but the New Republic article was way off base. And the New Republic didn't make total disclosure about the source of the article.

But I think Senator Dole was quite conciliatory at the Governors Association today, and I have certainly tried to be constructive. And I know it may make better news for you all to drive a wedge between us, but it's better for the American people if we work together and tone our rhetoric down.

Q On a foreign policy matter, sir, Gerry Adams says the time has come for the United States to weigh in on the Ireland question. You had spoken in the campaign of becoming more involved or having the United States more involved in trying to find a peaceful solution there. Will you take a more aggressive stance toward trying to promote a peace settlement in Northern Ireland?

THE PRESIDENT: Well, when I spoke about that in the campaign, we didn't have the evidence that we now have that the British and the Irish government would take the steps that they have taken. Let's be fair. The people that have to resolve this are the Irish and the British, and since that campaign, I think it's

astonishing what's been done. The joint declaration is something the United States very much supports.

I did believe that by giving Mr. Adams this visa, this limited visa to come here, that we might have a constructive role in pushing the peace process, which is why I did it. And I think that was an appropriate thing to do. But I think we should also support the work being done by the Prime Ministers of both Ireland and Britain in pursuing the peace.

Q Senator Rockefeller today said that he thought you were being a little bit too conciliatory to your good friends, the governors, on health care, and he thought that maybe Mrs. Clinton could bring you back. (Laughter.)

THE PRESIDENT: Well, Senator Rockefeller made a big mistake today. He's a wonderful man, but he made a big mistake. He read a press report and assumed it was true. (Laughter.) Or fully accurate. That is, he read a report of someone else's characterization of what I said and assumed it was fully accurate. And the people who were characterizing it obviously were characterizing the conversation in the light most favorable to their position.

I don't mean that the press misreported it -- I mean the press reported it accurately. But that's what they do -- when you have private conversations with people, they often characterize it in the light most favorable to their position. I think that's what happened.

I didn't say anything differently in that meeting than I have said repeatedly, which is that we are and we should be flexible on the size of the alliances -- that's already been said by Secretary Bentsen -- and that in order to have a health care plan which passes muster in the Congress, we have to have some way of showing how much taxpayer money is at risk over a five-year period. That's required of every bill passed by Congress.

That's all I said, and I think the interpretation of it -- while I don't dispute whatever they said, I think that the folks who communicated that to the press were doing it in the light most favorable to their own position. I understand that, it's fair game. But I wouldn't -- I would caution Senator Rockefeller to not think that I'd left his position. He's -- in many ways he's the heart and soul of this fight for health care. And if we change positions, he and I, we're going to try to do it together.

Thank you.

END3:50 P.M. EST