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Office of the Press Secretary

For Immediate Release January 24, 1994
                       REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT
                        IN PRESS AVAILABILITY
                           The Oval Office  

12:06 P.M. EST

Q Mr. President, how close are you to naming a defense secretary?

THE PRESIDENT: I think we'll have an announcement today, just in a few hours.

Q Is Bill Perry your choice, Mr. President?

THE PRESIDENT: We'll have an announcement. You can wait and see.

Q Why do you think it took so long, and what do you account for what seemed to be a reluctance by a number of people to take on the job?

THE PRESIDENT: Well, I don't think it has taken that long. I mean, it's been, what, a week -- less than a week since Mr. Inman said he didn't want the job.

Q And at least two people who reportedly have said they weren't interested in the job, and Mr. Perry --

THE PRESIDENT: But the stories are basically inaccurate. The only accurate story is the one that I have confirmed, which is that I talked to Senator Nunn during the transition before I became President, based on the fact that he was not only the head of the Senate Arms Services Committee but a longtime personal friend of mine and someone I sought advice from on these matters. And he told me then that he was not interested in being Secretary of Defense. And the only thing I did was to call him back and make sure he had the same position then that he had now.

The job was absolutely not offered to anyone else. Absolutely, categorically, not offered to anyone else. And it wasn't really offered to him. I just said, are you still in the same position you were in before, and he said, "That's right." He said, "I'm doing what I think I should be doing."

And so -- but he knows, I think -- I don't want to overstate it. I think Sam Nunn always knew that if he were ever interested in that job, that I was very open to that. But -- so the decision -- then, after that, after it was clear that that was --that he was in the same position he was always in, I went about trying to pick a successor. I've done it and I expect to have an announcement.

Q Do you think you can twist someone's arm to take it?


Q Mr. President, there have been new calls for bombing -- for air strikes in Bosnia. You talked about that a lot over this past trip to Europe. Can you give us any update? And what about what you said was your resolve to do something about this?

THE PRESIDENT: Well, what I said was that NATO should not reaffirm its position unless the circumstances that they set out for bombing, if those circumstances occurred they'd be willing to go forward. Now, the European -- I presume you're referring to what was said in the European Parliament yesterday.

Q And also the President of Bosnia calling for air strikes, too.

THE PRESIDENT: Well, the President of Bosnia, yes --but what the NATO leaders, what the others voted for was to leave on the table the proviso that bombing could be done in order to relieve Sarajevo if that were appropriate, or to further the U.N. mission by opening the airstrip at Tuzla, or, if necessary, to facilitate the transfer of troops from Canadian to Dutch at Srebrenica. Now, that is a very rather narrow NATO mandate.

And what happened was, as soon as the meeting was over it was not clear how strongly or firmly some of them felt about that. But I think it's also clear that the U.N. Secretary General, who has a say in some of those decisions, but not all of them, based on what the international law is now, is still opposed to it. So -- and I don't have any information that leads me to believe that the other NATO allies -- that the heads of state as opposed to people in the European Parliament -- have changed their mind about whether there should be any bombing at this time.

That's all I can tell you.

Q What about --

THE PRESIDENT: I believe -- let me say, I believe in general what I've always believed. There's not going to be a settlement in Bosnia until the sides decide that they have more to gain from signing a peace agreement than by continuing the fighting. And now the government finally has been able to get some arms, even though it was, in my view, unfairly the only side subject to the arms embargo -- they've been able to get some weapons. And they appear to be -- the Bosnian government -- most reluctant to sign a peace agreement at this time. But if they can work out something on access to the sea and protection of Sarajevo and then the Moslem enclaves to the east, perhaps we can still get an agreement.

But there will not be -- the killing is a function of a political fight between three factions. Until they agree to quit doing it, it's going to continue. And I don't think that the international community has the capacity to stop people within the nation from their civil war until they decide to do it.

Now, there are things we can do to retard it, to keep it within bounds, to keep it within humanitarian limits. And, therefore -- and I wouldn't rule out any of those options. But there has been no decision by anybody to enter that war on the side of one of the combatants, which is what some would like. But there has been no decision to do it. They're going to have to make up their own mind to quit killing each other, and the circumstances are, in fact, on the battlefield are somewhat different than they have been for the previous 12 months.

But I hope that it means that it's more likely that there can be a settlement, and I still have some hope that that will occur.

Q Is it true that Boutros Ghali did not get any requests from the ground, from commanders on the ground?

END112:15 P.M. EST