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Office of the Vice President

For Immediate Release September 7, 1993


National Performance Review

Major Recommendations By Agency

Appendix A Key & Editor's Notes:


cbe = cannot be estimated (due to data limitations or uncertainties

about implementation time lines).

na = not applicable - recommendation improves efficiency or

redirects resources but does not directly reduce budget authority.


This Appendix is in a two-column table format in the original

document. The major heading for both columns is:

Fiscal Impact, 1994-99*

(Millions of Dollars)

[As a footnote: *Fiscal estimates were made for 1994 only where

action could impact spending in that year. Most estimates cover

1995-99. Estimates shown are for cumulative budget authority

changes. Negative numbers indicate reduced spending.]

The first column title is:

Change in Spending

The second column title is:

Change in Revenues

The entries to these columns are shown on the last line of each

recommendation paragraph; the first number or letters relating to

the Change in Spending column, the second number or letters

relating to the Change in Revenues column.


AID01 Redefine and Focus AID's Mission and Priorities

With the end of the Cold War, AID must rethink how it will operate.

NPR recommends steps to plan for this new mission and proposes new

authorizing legislation to define its post-Cold War mission and


cbe cbe

AID02 Reduce Funding, Spending and Reporting Micromanagement

Eliminate AID's outdated or unduly burdensome reporting

requirements and reduce legislative earmarks to provide greater

operating flexibility.

cbe cbe

AID03 Overhaul the AID Personnel System

Recommendations include changes in AID's personnel system to

integrate its multiple systems and review benefits.

na na

AID04 Manage AID Employees and Consultants as a Unified Work


Lift some current personnel restrictions and give managers

authority to manage staff resources more efficiently and


cbe cbe

AID05 Establish an AID Innovation Capital Fund

Create a capital investment fund to improve information and

financial management systems and customer service.

na na

AID06 Reengineer Management of AID Projects and Programs

AID should use pilot programs and new approaches to emphasize

flexibility, innovation, customer service and program results.

cbe cbe

AID07 Consolidate or Close AID Overseas Missions

AID should regionalize missions and staff services overseas and

close nonessential missions. It should establish "graduation"

criteria for countries receiving U.S. assistance.

cbe cbe


USDA01 End the Wool and Mohair Subsidy

The subsidy is no longer needed since wool is no longer a strategic


-923.0 0.0

USDA02 Eliminate Federal Support for Honey

Eliminate the honey subsidy because the program does not serve the

intended purpose of ensuring the availability of honeybees for crop


-15.0 0.0

USDA03 Reorganize the Department of Agriculture to Better

Accomplish Its Mission, Streamline Its Field Structure and Improve

Service to Its Customers

USDA should streamline its field operations to eliminate

unnecessary offices, reduce costs and better serve farmers.

-1,673.6 0.0

USDA04 Implement a Consolidated Farm Management Plan

The farm management plan proposed by Secretary Espy provides an

opportunity to simplify regulations for farm management and is a

good way to consolidate competing requirements into a single plan

for each farm.

cbe cbe

USDA05 Administer the Employment and Training Requirements for

Food Stamp Recipients More Effectively and Efficiently Redirect

funds from an ineffective training program for food stamp

recipients and allow them to participate in programs with proven


-1,041.1** 0.0

[As a footnote: **The NPR recommends that these savings be

redirected to alternative uses. Savings totals exclude these


USDA06 Encourage Better Food Package Management Practices and

Facilitate Multi-State Contracts for Infant Food and Formula Cost

Containment in the WIC Program

The recommendation encourages increased competition among infant

formula vendors and manufacturers of other items in the UDSDA's

Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants and Children

(WIC). Savings accrue to program.

-500.0** 0.0

[As a footnote: **The NPR recommends that these savings be

redirected to alternative uses. Savings totals exclude these


USDA07 Deliver Food Stamp Benefits Via Electronic Benefits

Transfer to Improve Service to Customers While Remaining Cost


Use electronic technology to distribute food stamp benefits,

thereby improving service and reducing the need for current paper


cbe cbe


DOC01 Reinvent Federal Economic and Regional Development


Improve coordination of federal economic development efforts with

the goals of eliminating duplication and better directing federal

resources to improve business conditions.

na na

DOC02 Provide Better Coordination to Refocus and Leverage

Federal Export Promotion

This recommendation is designed to improve federal services to U.S.

businesses competing in the world export markets.

na na

DOC03 Reform the Federal Export Control System for Commercial


To help ensure leading U.S. industries are competitive in the

global marketplace, changes should be made in the export control


na na

DOC04 Strengthen the Tourism Policy Council

Revitalize the Tourism Policy Council and give it greater authority

to coordinate federal tourism promotion efforts.

na na

DOC05 Create Public / Private Competition for the NOAA Fleet

A pilot program is recommended to open the National Oceanic and

Atmospheric Administration fleet to public and private competition

to bolster the aging fleet.

cbe cbe

DOC06 Improve Marine Fisheries Management

To help protect fishing resources and provide new income to the

government, NOAA should collaborate with Congress and fishing

industry representatives to establish appropriate user fees to help

offset management costs for national fishery zones.

0.0 375.0

DOC07 Provide EDA Public Works Loan Guarantees for

Infrastructure Assistance

This recommendation would provide the Economic Development

Administration with authority to use part of its funding as a

reserve for loan guarantees for various public economic

development projects.

na na

DOC08 Establish a Manufacturing Technology Data Bank

To help U.S. manufacturing firms increase their technical

capabilities, Commerce should create a new database to provide

technical information and contacts.

na na

DOC09 Expand the Electronic Availability of Census Data

To increase access to and use of census data, the Census Bureau

should create a computerized census information center.

na na

DOC10 Amend the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act to

Increase the Data

Quality of the National Trade Data Bank This recommendation

outlines improvements needed in the quality and quantity of data

in this business-oriented data bank.

na na

DOC11 Eliminate Legislative Barriers to the Exchange of

Business Data Among Federal Statistical Agencies

Eliminate legislative barriers to the exchange of business data

among federal agencies (the Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor

Statistics, and Bureau of Economic Analysis) to reduce the

reporting burden on American business.

na na

DOC12 Establish a Single Civilian Operational Environmental

Polar Satellite Program

To reduce duplication and save taxpayers a billion dollars over the

next decade, various current and proposed polar satellite programs

should be consolidated under NOAA.

-300.0 0.0

DOC13 Use Sampling to Minimize Cost of the Decennial Census

Use sampling rather than more costly methods of counting

nonrespondents to next deciennial census. (Savings will occur but

are beyond the time frame of this analysis.)

cbe cbe

DOC14 Build a Business and Economic Information Node for the

Information Highway

To assist in the distribution of government information to private

citizens, Commerce should build a business and economic

information node to the "information highway."

cbe cbe

DOC15 Increase Access to Capital for Minority Businesses

Commerce and SBA should provide the President with recommendations

to improve SBA and Minority Business Development Administration


na na


---The Bottom-Up Review

This is a general summary of the Bottom-Up Review of DOD's force

structure and requirements and its part in the National

Performance Review effort. A total of $79 billion in savings

through 1997 are already incorporated into the President's 1994

budget. These savings are not included in the NPR analysis.

---Acquisition Reform

The DOD acquisition system is large and extraordinarily complex. It

needs to enable DOD to take advantage of the technological

advances and efficient procurement practices of the commercial


DOD01 Rewrite Policy Directives to Include Better Guidance and

Fewer Procedures

DOD should clarify policy directives and procedures to reduce

administrative burden and unnecessary regulatory controls.

cbe cbe

DOD02 Establish a Unified Budget for the Department of Defense

Give commanders greater flexibility to set priorities, solve

funding problems, and resolve unplanned requirements at the lowest

appropriate operating level.

cbe cbe

DOD03 Purchase Best Value Common Supplies and Services

Allow managers and commanders to purchase the best value common

supplies and services from public, private, or nonprofit sources.

cbe cbe

DOD04 Outsource Non-core Department of Defense Functions

By contracting out non-core functions (from towing services to

certain information technology functions), DOD will be better able

to focus on its core responsibilities.

cbe cbe

DOD05 Create Incentives for the Department of Defense to

Generate Revenues

This recommendation proposes giving managers and commanders the

ability to generate income at the installation level by allowing

the Corps of Engineers to recover its costs for processing certain

commerical applications and by establishing goals for solid waste

reduction and recycling.

-500.0 60.0

DOD06 Establish and Promote a Productivity-Enhancing Capital

Investment Fund

DOD should be authorized to expand its capital investment fund

manage its operations in a more business-like manner.

-110.3 0.0

DOD07 Create a Healthy and Safe Environment for Department of

Defense Activities

To create a safe environment, DOD must take action in the areas of

clean-up of hazardous wastes, use of environmental technology, and

pollution prevention.

na na

DOD08 Establish a Defense Quality Workplace

This is an internal department recommendation to encourage the use

of quality management concepts at all levels of DOD.

cbe cbe

DOD09 Maximize the Efficiency of DOD Health Care Operations

Use emerging technology to upgrade care at DOD health care


-350.0 0.0

DOD10 Give Department of Defense Installation Commanders More

Authority and Responsibility Over Installation Management

By giving DOD installation commanders more authority over

installation management, DOD will be better able to manage its

resources, provide services to its employees and move toward more

entrepreneurial management.

cbe cbe

DOD11 Reduce National Guard and Reserve Costs

This recommendation makes two changes in the current costs for

reservists: (1) to limit compensation of federal employees on

reserve duty to the greater of civilian or reserve compensation or

to allow the reservist to take annual leave; and (2) to limit the

basic allowance for quarters only to reservists who actually bring

their dependents on short-term duty assignments when quarters are

not provided to dependents.

-900.0 0.0

DOD12 Streamline and Reorganize the U.S. Army Corps of


NPR recommends implementing a 1992 reorganization proposal that

would reduce the number of division offices from 11 to six and

would allow the Corps to work with OMB and other agencies to make

maximum use of Corps' engineering and technical capabilities.

-68.0 0.0


ED01 Redesign Chapter 1 of Elementary and Secondary Education Act

Recommendations focus education funds on the neediest students and

simplify requirements on schools receiving federal education aid.

Existing funds are redirected.

-3,000.0* 0.0

[As a footnote: *The NPR recommends that these savings be

redirected to alternative uses. Savings totals exclude these


ED02 Reduce the Number of Programs the Department of Education


Eliminate or consolidate more than 40 existing education grant

programs and free up funds for use in other educational programs.

-515.0* 0.0

[As a footnote: *The NPR recommends that these savings be

redirected to alternative uses. Savings totals exclude these


ED03 Consolidate the Eisenhower Math and Science Education Program

with Chapter 2

NPR proposes combining this teacher training program, which is

largely consumed with short-term training, with other ED programs

to create a new program with a more coherent national focus on

teacher training and professional development.

na na

ED04 Consolidate National Security Education Act Programs

The NSEA trust fund, administered by the Department of Defense,

should be consolidated with the Center for International Education

in ED to strengthen foreign language study and eliminate

duplication of effort.

na na

ED05 Streamline and Improve the Department of Education's Grants


Statutory restrictions on the department's rulemaking process

should be removed, flexibility added to certain procedures, and

unnecessary requirements eliminated to shorten the grant award


cbe cbe

ED06 Provide Incentives for the Department of Education's Debt

Collection Service

This recommendation would allow ED to use a portion of revenues

collected from defaulted student loans to pay for collections

costs, thereby providing an incentive for increased collections.

na na

ED07 Simplify and Strengthen Institutional Eligibility and

Certification for Participation in Federal Student Aid

NPR recommends developing ways of measuring default indicators,

creating profiles of high-risk institutions, and removing

elgibility of institutions to participate in federal financial aid

programs once the schools have become ineligible to receive

federal student loan funds.

-175.0 0.0

ED08 Create a Single Point of Contact for Program and Grant


ED should create an electronic system that can be used by students,

parents, researchers and administrators to learn about department

programs, funding opportunities, best practices and other


1.8 0.0

ED09 Improve Employee Development Opportunities in Department of


ED should create a full spectrum of activities which can contribute

to career development, including conducting a departmentwide

assessment of training and development needs.

na na

ED10 Eliminate the Grantback Statutory Provision of the General

Education Provisions Act

NPR recommends repealing this provision which permits the

department to return to a grantee a percentage of funds recovered

from the grantee as a result of an audit.

0.0* 0.0

[As a footnote: *This recommendation saves an estimated $18.5

million in expenditures but makes no change in budget authority.]

ED11 Build a Professional, Mission-Driven Structure for Research

NPR recommends establishing a research advisory board,

consolidating and targeting research and development efforts, and

establishing an office to translate research findings into

education reform assistance.

na na

ED12 Develop a Strategy for Technical Assistance and Information


ED should develop a strategy for its $290 million technical

assistance efforts designed to promote the National Goals 2000


na na


DOE01 Improve Environmental Contract Management

NPR proposes improvements in DOE environmental clean-up contracts

to achieve efficiency.

cbe cbe

DOE02 Incorporate Land Use Planning in Cleanup

NPR recommends that DOE incorporate land use planning into the

nuclear facilities clean-up process.

cbe cbe

DOE03 Make Field Facility Contracts Outcome-Oriented

This recommendation would modify the current DOE contract process

at field facilities to make the contracts more outcome-oriented to

improve efficiency and contractor performance.

-570.0 0.0

DOE04 Increase Electrical Power Revenues and Study Rates

NPR proposes increasing federal income by allowing the Power

Marketing Administrations to recover a larger portion of their

operating costs through rate increases or by changing the

financing of Bonneville Power Administration.

0.0 3,601.0

DOE05 Strengthen the Federal Energy Management Program

NPR recommends a number of improvements to this program, designed

to better management of federal energy use.

na na

DOE06 Redirect Energy Laboratories to Post-Cold War Priorities

This recommendation provides guidance for use of the DOE energy

labs, focusing on defining new missions, consolidating or

eliminating unneeded facilities, and making their services of

greater benefit in the post-Cold War era.

-2,150.0 0.0

DOE07 Save Costs Through Private Power Cogeneration

This would allow the private sector to cogenerate power at DOE labs

as a means of saving money. DOD has similar authority at this


-112.0 0.0

DOE08 Support the Sale of the Alaska Power Administration

The federal government should divest its interests in the Alaska

Power Administration.

-20.5 -52.5


EPA01 Improve Environmental Protection Through Increased

Flexibility for Local Government

EPA should amend the regulations it determines are most troublesome

for local governments pursuant to the Regulatory Flexibility Act

of 1980. The goal is to provide alternative, flexible approaches

to meeting environmental mandates.

na na

EPA02 Streamline EPA's Permit Program

Streamlining efforts include establishing a permit clearinghouse to

serve as a single point of contact and piloting a cross-program

permit tracking system.

-22.5 0.0

EPA03 Shift EPA's Emphasis Toward Pollution Prevention and Away

from Pollution Control

EPA needs to emphasize pollution prevention by implementing an

effective pollution prevention strategy that includes amending

regulations and motivating the private sector to invest in

cleaner, less polluting technologies and practices.

cbe cbe

EPA04 Promote the Use of Economic and Market-Based Approaches

to Reduce Water Pollution

EPA should work with Congress to propose language amending the

Clean Water Act to explicitly encourage market-based approaches to

reduce water pollution. EPA should also identify wastewater

discharge fees that could be included in the Clean Water Act


cbe cbe

EPA05 Increase Private Sector Partnerships to Accelerate

Development of Innovative Technologies

NPR recommends that EPA develop an action plan with specific

milestones for improving the regulatory and statutory climate for

innovative technologies.

na na

EPA06 Stop the Export of Banned Pesticides

EPA should work with Congress to develop legislation to stop the

exportation of banned pesticides from the U.S. by June 1994.

na na

EPA07 Establish Measurable Goals, Performance Standards and

Strategic Planning within EPA

EPA should draft measurable environmental goals for the range of

environmental problems the U.S. faces. The agency should also

draft internal goals to provide direction for assessing and

redirecting existing EPA strategies.

na na

EPA08 Reform EPA's Contract Management Process

NPR recommends reforms in EPA's contract management process by

implementing performance standards and by maximizing competition

in the contracting process.

cbe cbe

EPA09 Establish a Blueprint for Environmental Justice Through

EPA's Operations

EPA should develop a blueprint of actions that will incorporate

environmental justice consideration into all aspects of EPA


na na

EPA10 Promote Quality Science for Quality Decisions

Improvements include establishing guidelines for professional

development of EPA's scientific and technical staff and expanding

the use of peer-review and quality assurance procedures.

na na

EPA11 Reorganize EPA's Office of Enforcement

EPA should initiate a reorganization of its headquarter's

enforcement organization by October 1, 1993.

-10.5 0.0


NOTE: White House Office and Office of the Vice President

The White House Office and the Office of the Vice President are

regularly "reinvented" with each change of administration. This

analysis focuses on the other portions of the Executive Office of

the President.

EOP01 Delegate Routine Paperwork Review to the Agencies and

Redeploy OMB' Resources More Effectively

These recommendations outline improvements to streamline the

government's paperwork review process and reduce unnecessary

burdens on agencies.

cbe cbe

EOP02 Modify the OMB Circular System

OMB should reinvigorate the process for the review, updating, and

consolidation of management circulars. It should also develop

uniform processes for developing circulars and for obtaining input

during their development.

na na

EOP03 Strengthen the Office of U.S. Trade Representative's

Coordination with State and Local Governments

The Trade Representative's Office should examine the trade policy

needs of state and local governments and work with them on

relevant issues.

0.5 0.0

EOP04 Improve Federal Advisory Committee Management

Discontinuing the "anti pass the hat" language annually inserted

into appropriations acts would allow appropriate pooling of

executive resources for certain multi-agency projects.

-1.4 0.0

EOP05 Reinvent OMB's Management Mission

NPR recommends a series of actions by OMB to redirect resources to

provide better management information for Presidential decision


0.1 0.0

EOP06 Improve OMB's Relationship with Other Agencies

This recommendation outlines methods by which OMB can work more

effectively with agencies and with states.

na na

EOP07 Strengthen the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative's

Trade Policy Coordination Process

These recommendations outline ways to improve the interagency trade

policy coordination process.

na na

EOP08 Strengthen the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative's

Negotiation Process

The Office of the USTR should implement various techniques for

upgrading the negotiating skills of its employees and the analysis

of the negotiation process itself.

cbe cbe

EOP09 Establish a Customer Service Bureau in the EOP

Using available resources, EOP management should establish a small,

one-stop customer service bureau within the EOP.

na na

EOP10 Conduct Qualitative Self-Reviews of Critical

Administrative Processes

The Assistant to the President for Management and Administration

should establish a formal program of ongoing, internal quality

reviews of administrative processes in the EOP to save money and

improve service.

cbe cbe

EOP11 Improve the Presidential Transition Process

Past difficulties with the Presidential transition should be

corrected by amendment of the Presidential Transition Act and

related actions.

cbe cbe

EOP12 Improve Administrative Processes

This recommendation outlines a series of steps to improve internal

administrative processes within the EOP, including mail

processing, paperwork flow, and supply management.

na na


FEMA01 Shift Emphasis to Preparing for and Responding to the

Consequences of All Disasters

FEMA's early focus was on preparedness for nuclear war. The current

world situation and recent natural disasters highlight the need

for FEMA to continue to shift its resources to respond to all


na na

FEMA02 Develop a More Anticipatory and Customer-Driven Response

to Catastrophic Disasters

These recommendations should make FEMA respond faster and more

effectively to catastrophic disasters.

na na

FEMA03 Create Results-Oriented Incentives to Reduce the Costs

of a Disaster

The Midwest floods, Hurricanes Hugo and Andrew and the Loma Prieta

Earthquake all illustrate the enormous costs of disaster to

society. These recommendations will move toward reducing that


cbe cbe

FEMA04 Develop A Skilled Management Team Among Political

Appointees and Career Staff

Leadership has been the weak link in FEMA's mission as the federal

government's emergency management coordinator. These

recommendations strive to improve FEMA leadership to successfully

implement its new, all-hazards mission. cbe = cannot be estimated

(due to data limitations or uncertainties about implementation time


na na


NOTE: Treatment of Health Care and Welfare Reform Issues by the NPR

Two primary concerns of the Department of Health and Human

Services are the delivery of health and welfare services to

individuals. Since the Administration has special, ongoing efforts

dealing with these areas, they are not covered by the National

Performance Review.

HHS01 Promote Effective, Integrated Service Delivery for

Customers by Increasing Collaborative Efforts

These recommendations outline a number of steps needed to better

integrate and deliver social services to communities and families.

cbe cbe

HHS02 Reengineer the HHS Process for Issuing Regulations

HHS should improve the timeliness and quality of regulations issued

and should involve stakeholders in the development of regulations.

cbe cbe

HHS03 Develop a National, Uniform Inspection System to Ensure

a Safe Food Supply

Responsibility for food safety should be consolidated into a single

agency, and policies and inspection systems should be implemented

on an objective, scientific basis.

cbe cbe

HHS04 Reconfigure Support for Health Professions Education

Existing programs should be consolidated and/or eliminated.

na na

HHS05 Restructure the Management of Railroad Industry Benefit


Railroad Retirement Board functions should be integrated into

existing programs administered by federal, state, and private

sector service providers.

cbe cbe

HHS06 Improve Social Security Administration Disability Claims

Processing to Better Serve People with Disabilities and Safeguard

Trust Fund Assets

SSA should apply resources and management tools needed to reduce

backlogs and to avoid paying benefits to individuals who are no

longer disabled.

-4,010.0* 0.0

[As a footnote: *Savings will be realized in the Social Security

Trust Funds and will not affect discretionary spending levels.]

HHS07 Protect Social Security, Disability and Medicare Trust

Fund Assets by Removing Barriers to Funding Productive Oversight


HHS should aggressively pursue options to assure that adequate

investments are made to avoid unnecessary payments from trust


na na

HHS08 Coordinate Collection and Dissemination of Social

Security Administration Death Information to Protect Federal

Program Assets

SSA's clearinghouse for death information and "best practices" can

be used by dozens of federal and state agencies to reduce federal

program outlays.

cbe cbe

HHS09 Take More Aggressive Actions to Collect Outstanding Debts

Owed to the Social Security Trust Fund

SSA should be given the authority to use a full range of debt

collection tools available under the Debt Collection Act of 1982

to collect debts owed by individuals who are no longer on benefit


-335.0* 0.0

[As a footnote: *Savings will be realized in the Social Security

Trust Funds and will not affect discretionary spending levels.]

HHS10 Institute and Collect User Fees on FDA's Inspection and

Approval Processes

Food, drug and medical device manufacturers, processors and

suppliers should be required to pay for FDA services.

-1,439.8 0.0

HHS11 Redesign SSA Service Delivery and Make Better Use of

Technology to Provide Improved Access and Services to Customers

SSA's organizational structure needs to be updated to reflect

changing customer needs and to take full advantage of emerging


na na

HHS12 Strengthen Departmentwide Management

The department should conduct a review of its organizational

structure and management systems to determine an appropriate

balance between centralized and decentralized functions.

na na

HHS13 Review the Field and Regional Office Structure of the HHS

and Develop a Plan for Shifting Resources to Match Workload Demands

The review should emphasize customer service, results and increased


cbe cbe

HHS14 Amend the Health Care Financing Administration's

Contracting Authority to Allow for Competitive Contracting

HCFA should be authorized to fully and openly compete Medicare

claims processing contracts to reduce costs and eliminate

inefficiencies and conflicts of interest.

-985.0 0.0


HUD01 Reinvent Public Housing

HUD should create pilot programs to devolve greater authority over

housing funds to sound local agencies. It should create

demonstrations of mixed-income public housing with portable

subsidies. HUD should also streamline public housing rules and

take other steps to improve public housing management.

cbe cbe

HUD02 Improve Multi-Family Asset Management and Disposition

HUD should use public-private partnerships to manage and sell

HUD-held loans and real estate for non-subsidized housing

projects. Congress should reduce restrictions on HUD sale of

multi-family properties, including use of portable subsidies for

tenants when the Secretary determines that to be best for tenant


na na

HUD03 Improve Single-Family Asset Management and Disposition

HUD should use a combination of early assistance to borrowers

having financial difficulties, contract loan servicing, contract

mortgage assistance programs and public-private partnerships to

streamline and improve management of HUD- assigned single-family


na na

HUD04 Create an Assisted-Housing/Rent Subsidy Demonstration


HUD should be authorized to experiment in negotiated restructuring

of privately owned assisted-housing projects to improve management,

promote mixed-income housing and save taxpayer funds.

na na

HUD05 Establish a New Housing Production Program

HUD should stimulate housing production through FHA risk-sharing

arrangements with housing finance agencies, stimulate a secondary

market for multi-family properties, improve access to FHA

insurance for first-time home buyers, provide special FHA programs

to revitalize neighborhoods and improve FHA management.

na na

HUD06 Streamline HUD Field Operations

HUD should streamline its Washington, regional and field office

structure and consolidate and reduce its size over time.

-167.0 0.0

HUD07 Refinance Section 235 Mortgages

HUD should use incentive contracts to speed savings from

refinancing expensive old mortgages subsidized by HUD.

-210.0 0.0

HUD08 Reduce Section 8 Contract Rent Payments

HUD should modify its process to reduce unjustified increases in

annual payments to Section 8 projects.

-225.0 0.0

HUD09 Consolidate Section 8 Certificates and Vouchers

This recommendation would consolidate two overlapping projects to

eliminate duplication.

cbe cbe

HUD10 Reduce Operating Subsidies for Vacancies

This recommendation would encourage public housing agencies to make

better use of their assets by reducing subsidies paid for

unjustifiably vacant units.

cbe cbe


INTEL01 Enhance Intelligence Community Integration

The end of the Cold War and the constrained fiscal environment in

the U.S. create an imperative for the 13 components of the

Intelligence Community to act more effectively and more

efficiently as a team.

[As a footnote: *The Intelligence Community budget is classified.

Savings from these recommendations cannot be shown in this report.]

INTEL02 Enhance Community Responsiveness to Customers

A 40-year emphasis on the Soviet Union allowed the Intelligence

Community to develop a repertoire which was not dependent on a

close relationship with its customers. That is no longer the case

today, and NPR makes recommendations for improvements in this


[As a footnote: *The Intelligence Community budget is classified.

Savings from these recommendations cannot be shown in this report.]

INTEL03 Reassess Information Collection to Meet New Analytical


The analytical issues the Intelligence Community faces are far more

diverse and complex today, requiring new focus and new techniques

to meet the intelligence needs of policymakers.

[As a footnote: *The Intelligence Community budget is classified.

Savings from these recommendations cannot be shown in this report.]

INTEL04 Integrate Intelligence Community Information Management


The Intelligence Community lacks the connectivity and

interoperability in its information systems to do its job

efficiently and effectively.

[As a footnote: *The Intelligence Community budget is classified.

Savings from these recommendations cannot be shown in this report.]

INTEL05 Develop Integrated Personnel and Training Systems

This recommendation focuses on organizational development and

training issues within the Intelligence Community.

[As a footnote: *The Intelligence Community budget is classified.

Savings from these recommendations cannot be shown in this report.]

INTEL06 Merge the President's Intelligence Oversight Board with

the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board

The roles of these two oversight bodies are sufficiently similar

that small savings and some efficiencies can be achieved by

combining them.

[As a footnote: *The Intelligence Community budget is classified.

Savings from these recommendations cannot be shown in this report.]

INTEL07 Improve Support to Ground Troops During Combat Operations

Numerous studies of intelligence support during the Gulf War

focused on agency or service-specific support issues. This issue

outlines a reinvention lab effort which proposes an integrated

approach to studying support to ground forces during combat


[As a footnote: *The Intelligence Community budget is classified.

Savings from these recommendations cannot be shown in this report.]


DOI01 Establish a Hard Rock Mine Reclamation Fund to Restore

the Environment

To address health and safety threats and environmental damage

caused by toxic metal and chemical leaching from abandoned mines,

the federal government should establish a hard-rock mine

reclamation fund.

cbe cbe

DOI02 Redefine Federal Oversight of Coal Mine Regulation

To overcome organizational problems that inhibit an effective

state-federal relationship, federal oversight of coal mine

regulations should be redefined.

-28.0 0.0

DOI03 Establish a National Spatial Data Infrastructure

By supporting a cross-agency coordinating effort, the federal

government can develop a coherent vision for the national spatial

data infrastructure (NSDI). (Spatial, or geographic, data refers

to information that can be placed on a map.) This will allow

greatly improved information analysis in a wide range of areas,

including the analysis of environmental information and the

monitoring of endangered animals and sensitive land areas.

36.0 0.0

DOI04 Promote Entrepreneurial Management of the National Park


The Park Service should be allowed to raise additional revenues

from appropriate sources and to use a portion of the money for

investment in park infrastructure. This proposal would increase

selected park entry fees and would increase fees on park


332.0 993.0

[As a footnote: **NPR recommends redirecting half of increased

park income to investment in park infrastructure.]

DOI05 Obtain a Fair Return for Federal Resources

The federal government should institute reforms to guarantee a fair

return for federal resources such as livestock grazing and

hard-rock mining. Some of the programs regulating the commercial

sale and use of natural resources on federal lands operate at a

loss to the taxpayers and fail to provide incentives for good

stewardship practices. The administration should also develop a new

fee schedule for communications sites on DOI and Department of

Agriculture lands.

132.4 549.7

DOI06 Rationalize Federal Land Ownership

DOI needs to reinvent the way it manages and acquires federal

lands. Due to historical patterns of settlement and development of

this country, adjoining federal lands often fall under the

jurisdiction of several federal agencies. To the degree possible,

this should be corrected based on the principle of ecosystem


na na

DOI07 Improve the Land Acquisition Policies of the DOI

The Secretaries of Interior and Agriculture and the Director of OMB

should modify the process for determining land acquisition

priorities and procedures. The new system should reflect major

objectives of federal land acquisition, including outdoor

recreation resources, resource protection, and resource and

cultural heritage protection.

na na

DOI08 Improve Mineral Management Service Royalty Collections

Better management of DOI's royalty collection program would

increase revenues and improve efficiency.

0.0 28.0

DOI09 Establish a System of Personnel Exchanges in DOI

A change in management philosophy is needed to address bureaucratic

barriers at DOI. This recommendation outlines various approaches

to this problem.

na na

DOI10 Consolidate Administrative and Programmatic Functions in


To manage its bureaus effectively, DOI needs to reduce duplicative

services. By consolidating administrative and programmatic

functions, DOI can improve customer service, promote efficiency,

and reduce costs.

-17.5 0.0

DOI11 Streamline Management Support Systems in DOI

To create a quality management culture, the department should

streamline its management support systems, including

telecommunications, procurement, financial management, and

paperwork control.

cbe cbe

DOI12 Create a New Mission for the Bureau of Reclamation

The Bureau of Reclamation needs to redefine its mission toward new

environmental priorities and clarify its role in water management.

The original mission to develop water resources and provide for

economic development of the West--is almost complete.

-184.1 0.0

DOI13 Improve the Federal Helium Program

The federal government needs to reexamine its role in the federal

helium program. The program can be run more efficiently, reducing

outlays by federal helium customers and increasing revenue. To

obtain maximum benefit from helium operations, the government

should cancel the helium debt, reduce costs, increase efficiencies

in helium operations, and increase sales of crude helium as market

conditions permit.

-12.0 35.0

DOI14 Enhance Environmental Management by Remediating Hazardous

Material Sites

The time is right to integrate skills across bureau boundaries in

the remediation of DOI's hazardous materials sites. The high cost

of remediation requires DOI to make maximum use of existing


18.7 0.0


DOJ01 Improve the Coordination and Structure of Federal Law

Enforcement Agencies*

NPR recommends the designation of the Attorney General as the

Director of Law Enforcement to coordinate federal law enforcement

efforts. It also recommends changes in the alignment of federal

law enforcement responsibilities.

-187.0 0.0

[As a footnote: *Issue corresponds to an identical issue in the

Department of Treasury report; fiscal impact is for Justice only.]

DOJ02 Improve Border Management*

Federal border management should be significantly improved. NPR

recommends a series of actions to be taken by Customs and INS to

make these improvements.

cbe cbe

[As a footnote: *Issue corresponds to an identical issue in the

Department of Treasury report; fiscal impact is for Justice only.]

DOJ03 Redirect and Better Coordinate Resources Dedicated to

Interdiction of Drugs*

This recommendation outlines changes that can be made to better

coordinate federal programs directed at the air interdiction of


na na

[As a footnote: *Issue corresponds to an identical issue in the

Department of Treasury report; fiscal impact is for Justice only.]

DOJ04 Improve Department of Justice Debt Collection Efforts

This recommendation would make improvements in the Justice debt

collection effort, including giving the department the ability to

retain a small percentage of debts collected and allowing Justice

to credit its working capital fund with a percentage of debt

collections to be used for the creation of a centralized debt

tracking and information system.

cbe cbe

DOJ05 Improve the Bureau of Prisons Education, Job Training,

and Financial Responsibilities Programs

NPR makes a series of recommendations for improving prison

education, training, and inmate financial responsibility policies.

0.0 13.5

DOJ06 Improve the Management of Federal Assets Targeted for


Improvements are needed in the methods by which the federal

government disposes of various assets.

cbe cbe

[As a footnote: *Issue corresponds to an identical issue in the

Department of Treasury report; fiscal impact is for Justice only.]

DOJ07 Reduce the Duplication of Drug Intelligence Systems and

Improve Computer Security*

NPR recommends several changes to eliminate duplication in the

federal drug intelligence system.

cbe cbe

[As a footnote: *Issue corresponds to an identical issue in the

Department of Treasury report; fiscal impact is for Justice only.]

DOJ08 Reinvent the Immigration and Naturalization Service's

Organization and Management

NPR recommends a number of changes in INS organization and

management processes to provide an improved management structure

and a strategic vision for the agency.

-48.0 0.0

DOJ09 Make the Department of Justice Operate More Effectively

as the U.S. Government Law Firm

Justice should undertake several improvements in the way it manages

its litigation functions to improve service to its customers and

better manage its case load.

na na

DOJ10 Improve White Collar Fraud Civil Enforcement

Civil fraud recovery should be established as a priority and the

department should take steps to improve its white collar fraud


14.0 111.0

DOJ11 Reduce the Duplication of Law Enforcement Training


Overlap and duplication in the provision of federal law enforcement

training facilities should be examined. Multi-agency training

needs should be accommodated through existing facilities in lieu

of the construction of new facilities by individual agencies.

cbe cbe

DOJ12 Streamline Background Investigations for Federal


The current method of completing background examinations on federal

employees is time-consuming and inefficient. This recommendation

outlines improvements to streamline the process without

sacrificing thoroughness.

-60.0 0.0

DOJ13 Adjust Civil Monetary Penalties to the Inflation Index

Civil monetary penalties have not been adjusted to keep up with

inflation. Under this recommendation, a "catch-up" adjustment

would be made and the need for additional inflation adjustments

would be automatically reassessed every four years.

0.0 193.0

DOJ14 Improve Federal Courthouse Security

This recommendation is intended to address concerns of the U.S.

Marshals Service concerning security at federal courthouses.

24.0 0.0

DOJ15 Improve the Professionalism of the U.S. Marshals Service

U.S. Marshals should be selected based on merit by the Director of

the U.S. Marshal Service and reduce some positions.

-36.0 0.0

DOJ16 Develop Lower Cost Solutions to Federal Prison Space


This recommendation describes approaches to solving existing prison

space problems.

cbe cbe


DOL01 Enhance Reemployment Programs for Occupationally Disabled

Federal Employees

These recommendations would help occupationally disabled federal

employees return to productive careers by expanding DOL's

return-to-work program. This saves money by reducing long-term

benefit costs to the government.

-125.7 0.0

DOL02 Develop a Single Comprehensive Worker Adjustment Strategy

Improve services to the unemployed--and those at risk of

dislocation--and make better use of resources available for

assistance by developing a new worker adjustment strategy.

na na

DOL03 Expand Negotiated Rulemaking and Improve Up-front

Teamwork on Regulations

DOL should provide administrative guidance more quickly and cheaply

through negotiated rulemaking and a streamlined team approach to

the rules development process.

cbe cbe

DOL04 Expand the Use of Alternative Dispute Resolution by the

Department of Labor

The increased use of alternative dispute resolution could reduce

litigation and produce significant long-term savings.

cbe cbe

DOL05 Automate the Processing of ERISA Annual Financial Reports

(Forms 5500) to Cut Costs and Delays in Obtaining Employee Benefit

Plan Data

Automating the filing and processing of annual financial reports

required of pension and benefit plan administrators (ERISA Forms

5500) would reduce costs and delays.

-49.7 0.0

DOL06 Amend the ERISA Requirement for Summary Plan Descriptions

The filing of summary plan descriptions by employee benefit plan

administrators with DOL is intended to make the plans more readily

available for participants and beneficiaries. Since requests for

copies are received on only about one percent, the cost to

maintain the system and the administrative burden on employers far

outweighs the public benefit.

-0.6 0.0

DOL07 Redirect the Mine Safety and Health Administration's Role

in Mine Equipment Regulation

Shifting the Mine Safety and Health Administration's regulatory

role from one of in-house testing to one of on-site quality

assurance would provide increased economic benefits to the mining

industry and would allow DOL to redirect resources.

na na

DOL08 Create One-Stop Centers for Career Management

Establishing one-stop centers for career management would create a

customer-driven work force system, empowering Americans to make

informed career choices and providing the means to achieve those


cbe cbe

DOL09 Create a Boundary-Spanning Work Force Development Council

Because the greatest barriers to creating an integrated work force

development system are the categorical nature of federal funds and

structural fragmentation of various federal programs, this issue

proposes to coordinate work force development efforts by convening

a multi-agency Work Force Development Council and implementing

"bottom-up grant consolidation" for states and localities.

na na

DOL10 Refocus the Responsibility for Ensuring Workplace Safety

and Health

This recommendation proposes to shift responsibility for workplace

safety and health to employers by issuing regulations requiring

self-inspections and implementing a sliding scale of incentives

and penalties to ensure safety standards are met.

cbe cbe

DOL11 Open the Civilian Conservation Centers to Private and

Public Competition

A long-term reduction in costs is possible through expanded

competition for contracts to operate Job Corps Civilian

Conservation Centers.

cbe cbe

DOL12 Partially Fund Mine Safety and Health Enforcement Through

Service Fees

Charge for services to put the mining industry on a comparable

footing with other industries which bear the cost of their

regulation. This proposes to partially fund enforcement of mine

safety regulations through service fees.

-44.4 0.0

DOL13 Integrate Enforcement Activities within the Department of


Introduce greater coordination and flexibility in the DOL

enforcement agencies to project a consistent message to customers

and integrate approaches to common issues.

cbe cbe

DOL14 Apply Information Technology to Expedite Wage

Determinations for Federal Contracts

Developing an electronic data interchange/data mapping system which

is integrated into the Service Contract Act process should

eliminate delays both in the delivery of wage determinations and

in procurement when caused by determination delays.

0.1 0.0

DOL15 Provide Research and Development Authority for the DOL's

Mine Safety and Health Program

Granting the Mine Safety and Health Administration authority to

procure services and goods directly would improve the mine safety

program by expediting the acquisition process for new and improved


na na

DOL16 Increase Assistance to States in Collecting Delinquent

Unemployment Insurance Trust Fund Contributions

This recommendation outlines ways of improving state collections of

delinquent unemployment insurance contributions.

na na

DOL17 Revise and Update the Consumer Price Index

The consumer price index has important consequences for both public

and private decisions. This important measure should be updated to

reflect recent inflation trends.

56.0 0.0

DOL18 Improve the Delivery of Legal Services by the Office of

the Solicitor in the Department of Labor

The delivery of legal services by the Office of the Solicitor can

be improved by using cooperative agreements, coordinated budgeting

and better use of resources.

na na

DOL19 Transfer the Veterans' Employment and Training Service to

the Employment and Training Administration

The DOL can improve service delivery to veterans and save money by

consolidating administration of this function.

-66.0 0.0

DOL20 Reduce Federal Employees' Compensation Act Fraud

Congress needs to amend several sections of the United States Code

to enable DOL to eliminate benefits to persons who have been

convicted of defrauding the program.

-22.6 0.0

DOL21 Change the Focus of the Unemployment Insurance Benefits

Quality Control Program to Improve Performance

Re-examining the present mix of systems to shift the focus of this

program from error measurement to a constructive use of the results

would allow DOL to improve benefit payment quality and more

effectively achieve the program's goals.

na na


NASA01 Improve NASA Contracting Practices

This recommendation outlines several steps NASA can take to improve

its contracting procedures, including greater use of performance

standards, contracting out for data instead of hardware whenever

appropriate, and using cooperative research agreements to more

quickly exploit high performance computing techniques.

cbe cbe

NASA02 Increase NASA Technology Transfer Efforts and Eliminate

Barriers to Technology Development

NASA should expand its technology transfer efforts and promote the

development of new technologies.

na na

NASA03 Increase NASA Coordination of Programs with the U.S.

Civil Aviation Industry

NASA should develop a closer relationship with the U.S. civil

aviation industry to ensure industry input is received early and

throughout the technology development process.

na na

NASA04 Strengthen and Restructure NASA Management

NASA program management should be aggressively overhauled. This

recommendation outlines a number of steps the agency should take,

both in overall management and in the management of the space

station program.

-1,982.0 0.0

NASA05 Clarify the Objectives of the Mission to Planet Earth


This recommendation suggests a number of steps needed to improve

the management and performance of the Mission to Planet Earth


na na


NSF01 Strengthen Coordination of Science Policy

NPR recommends modifying the current structure of the Federal

Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology

(FCCSET) to strengthen its role in science policy.

na na

NSF02 Use a Federal Demonstration Project to Increase Research


NPR recommends using a demonstration project structured between

several universities and five federal agencies as a model for a

program to reduce administrative overhead on research grants.

na na

NSF03 Continue Automation of NSF Research Support Functions

NSF should push forward with efforts to implement advanced

information technology in the proposal submission, review, award,

and information dissemination areas.

na na


SBA01 Allow Judicial Review of the Regulatory Flexibility Act

Allow access to the courts when federal agencies develop rules that

fail to properly examine alternatives that will lessen the burden

on small businesses.

cbe cbe

SBA02 Improve Assistance to Minority Small Businesses

This proposal recommends a complete review of all federal minority

business assistance programs and the establishment of a Small

Disadvantaged Business Set-Aside program for civilian agencies to

provide increased opportunities for minority small business.

na na

SBA03 Reinvent the U.S. Small Business Administration's Credit


Identify ways to improve SBA's credit programs to make SBA more

responsive to those industries with the potential for creating a

higher number of jobs, those involved in international trade, and

those providing critical technologies. It will also enable the

agency to operate more efficiently.

na na

SBA04 Examine Federal Guidelines for Small Business Lending


The federal government should examine the guidelines bank

regulators set for small business lending by financial institutions

to ensure that capital is available without undue barriers while

maintaining the integrity of the financial institutions.

na na

SBA05 Manage the Microloan Program to Increase Loans for Small


Allowing SBA to guarantee loans made by banks to nonprofit

intermediaries, who could, in turn, make small loans to low-income

individuals, women, minorities and other small businesses unable to

obtain credit through traditional lending sources would increase

private sector participation and lessen administrative burdens

linked to direct government lending.

na na

SBA06 Establish User Fees for Small Business Development Center


Authorize Small Business Development Centers to charge a nominal

fee for their services to reduce federal outlays and require the

direct beneficiaries of the assistance to pay a share of the cost.

0.0 102.0

SBA07 Distribute SBA Staff Based on Workload and Administrative


Reallocating staff based on administrative efficiency and objective

workload measures to allow the SBA to better serve its customers by

shifting resources from its central and regional offices into its

district offices.

na na

SBA08 Improve Federal Data on Small Businesses

The quality of information made available to shape federal

legislative and regulatory actions affecting small and large

businesses will be increased if federal household and employer

surveys include a "size of firm" question.

na na


DOS01 Expand the Authority of Chiefs of Mission Overseas

This recommendation proposes a pilot program to expand the

management authority of Chiefs of Mission overseas in the

allocation of fiscal and staffing resources.

cbe cbe

DOS02 Integrate the Foreign Affairs Resource Management Process

NPR recommends specific reforms of the interagency foreign policy

resource management process to improve coordination. The

recommendation also covers specific improvements within the

Department of State.

na na

DOS03 Improve State Department Efforts to Promote U.S. Business


International trade is an important responsibility of U.S. missions

overseas in the post-Cold War world. This recommendation outlines

several improvements that can be made in State Department efforts

in this area.

cbe cbe

DOS04 Provide Leadership in the Department's Information


The Department of State should make significant changes in the way

it manages information technology policy. Several improvements are


cbe cbe

DOS05 Reduce Mission Operating Costs

Several recommendations are made for reducing U.S. costs to operate

missions overseas, including eliminating certain facilities,

reducing security costs and considering altogether new forms of

overseas representation.

-57.8 0.0

DOS06 Consolidate U.S. Nonmilitary International Broadcasting

This recommendation supports the Administration's decision to

consolidate U.S. international broadcasting under USIA and outlines

ways of extending the benefits of this change.

na na

DOS07 Relocate the Mexico City Regional Administrative

Management Center

NPR recommends moving this administrative support office to the

U.S. to save money and recommends examining the need for similar

offices now in Paris and Bangkok.

-0.1 0.0

DOS08 Improve the Collection of Receivables

The State Department should do a better job collecting debts, such

as medical expenses and others, owed to the department.

-9.8 0.0

DOS09 Change UN Administrative and Assessment Procedures

This recommendation outlines several changes in the U.S.'s fiscal

relationship with the United Nations, including recommending an

oversight office for the organization and tax law changes to reduce

costs to the federal government.

-36.2 0.0


DOT01 Measure Transportation Safety

NPR recommends the development of common, government-wide measures

of transportation safety.

na na

DOT02 Streamline the Enforcement Process

NPR recommends pilot programs in the U.S. Coast Guard, the Federal

Aviation Administration, and the Federal Highway Administration,

designed to offer greater flexibility in enforcement methods.

cbe cbe

DOT03 Use a Consensus-Building Approach to Expedite

Transportation and Environmental Decisionmaking

DOT should conduct two demonstration projects to apply a

problem-solving approach to transportation planning, development

and decisionmaking as a means of reducing costs and improving the

efficiency of agency decisionmaking.

na na

DOT04 Establish a Corporation to Provide Air Traffic Control


NPR recommends development of a detailed action plan and statutory

language for changes in air traffic control management to make it

more business-like. cbe = cannot be estimated (due to data

limitations or uncertainties about implementation time lines).

0.0 0.0

DOT05 Permit States to Use Federal Aid as a Capital Reserve

This recommendation would allow federal transportation grant

recipients to use grant funds capital reserve to back debt

financing to construct eligible transportation projects.

na na

DOT06 Encourage Innovations in Automotive Safety

NPR recommends allowing the National Highway Traffic Safety

Administration to grant more exemptions from highway safety

standards to develop new safety systems.

na na

DOT07 Examine User Fees for International Over-Flights

DOT should conduct a cost allocation study to determine whether

foreign air carriers passing over U.S. air space are paying their

fair share and whether direct user fees should be imposed.

0.0 9.0

DOT08 Increase FAA Fees for Inspection of Foreign Repair


To ensure full cost recovery, increase the fees charged for

certification and surveillance of foreign aircraft repair stations.

0.0 8.0

DOT09 Contract for Level I Air Traffic Control Towers

NPR recommends converting 99 Level I (low-use) air control towers

to contract operation and reviewing the remaining Level I towers

for possible decommissioning.

-3.1 0.0

DOT10 Establish an Aeronautical Telecommunications Network to

Develop a Public-Private Consortium

FAA should pursue the creation of a public-private consortium under

a cooperative agreement with industry to develop an Aeronautical

Telecommunications Network.

na na

DOT11 Improve Intermodal Transportation Policy Coordination and


DOT should institute a strategic planning process to promulgate

national, integrated transportation policies.

na na

DOT12 Develop an Integrated National Transportation Research

and Development Plan

DOT should examine the nation's transportation-related research and

development portfolio and develop an integrated national

transportation plan that considers specific transportation research

needs as well as intermodal transportation plans.

na na

DOT13 Create and Evaluate Telecommuting Programs

DOT should implement a telecommuting plan within the agency and

should evaluate transportation-related behavior and other topics

requiring research in this area.

na na

DOT14 Improve DOT Information Technology Management

The department should develop an information management strategy

which will enable the sharing of data among its component agencies

and reduce costs.

-224.5 0.0

DOT15 Provide Reemployment Rights for Merchant Mariners

Guarantee reemployment rights to U.S. seafarers at their private

sector jobs if called to serve during a war or national emergency.

na na

DOT16 Establish an Independent Commission to Review U.S.

Maritime Industry

NPR recommends a detailed examination of the future of the maritime

industry in the U.S. and the benefits derived by the taxpayers from

maritime industry subsidies and related issues.

na na

DOT17 Eliminate Funding for Highway Demonstration Projects

Rescind funding for existing highway demonstration projects. These

demonstration projects should compete at the state level for the

limited highway resources available and not be singled out for

special treatment at the federal level.

-7,853.0 0.0

DOT18 Reduce Spending for the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy

As an economy measure, federal funding for the U.S. Merchant Marine

Academy should be cut by half. The Academy should be given the

ability to charge tuition to cover a portion of its operations.

-45.16 0.0

DOT19 Rescind Unobligated Earmarks for the FTA New Starts and

Bus Program

Rescind unobligated balances for fiscal year 1992 and prior

earmarked funding under this FTA program that remain unobligated

after three years. cbe = cannot be estimated (due to data

limitations or uncertainties about implementation time lines).

-131.5 0.0

DOT20 Reduce the Annual Essential Air Service Subsidies

This recommendation would set new, more restrictive criteria for

small airports to qualify for essential air service subsidies.

-65.0 0.0

DOT21 Terminate Grant Funding for Federal Aviation

Administration Higher Education Programs

To reduce costs, eliminate federal grant funding of two FAA

post-secondary education programs.

-45.4 0.0

DOT22 Assign Office of Motor Carriers (OMC) Field Staff to

Improve Program Effectiveness and Reduce Costs

OMC should develop a resource allocation model so that regional

managers will be able to optimize geographic assignment of staff,

schedule carrier reviews in an efficient manner, and eliminate

unnecessary travel requirements.

cbe cbe

DOT23 Automate Administrative Requirements for Federal Aid

Highway Projects

NPR recommends improvements in the flow of information on Federal

Aid Highway projects that will reduce paperwork and reduce staff

time in completing certain forms and other current requirements.

na na


TRE01 Improve the Coordination and Structure of Federal Law

Enforcement Agencies*

NPR recommends the designation of the Attorney General as the

Director of Law Enforcement to coordinate federal law enforcement

efforts. It also recommends changes in the alignment of federal law

enforcement responsibilities.

-92.9 0.0

[As a footnote: *Issue corresponds to an identical issue in the

Department of Justice report; fiscal impact is for Treasury only.]

TRE02 Improve Border Management*

Federal border management should be significantly improved. NPR

recommends a series of actions to be taken by Customs and INS to

make these improvements.

cbe cbe

[As a footnote: *Issue corresponds to an identical issue in the

Department of Justice report; fiscal impact is for Treasury only.]

TRE03 Redirect and Better Coordinate Resources Dedicated to the

Interdiction of Drugs*

This recommendation outlines changes that can be made to better

coordinate federal programs directed at the air interdiction of


-186.6 0.0

[As a footnote: *Issue corresponds to an identical issue in the

Department of Justice report; fiscal impact is for Treasury only.]

TRE04 Foster Federal-State Cooperative Initiatives by the IRS

Cooperative relationships between the IRS and state tax

administrations, including joint filing of data, should improve

taxpayer service as well as collection activity while reducing


cbe cbe

TRE05 Simplify Employer Wage Reporting

The administrative burden caused by our current employer

wage-reporting requirements could be reduced while maintaining or

improving the effectiveness of government operations by developing

and implementing a simplified wage reporting system.

cbe cbe

TRE06 Establish Federal Firearms License User Fees to Cover


The current fee for a retail dealer's firearms license (authorized

in 1968) does not cover the cost of license processing and is low

enough to encourage applications from individuals wishing to

occasionally purchase firearms at reduced cost. Increased fees

would recover the cost of operating the firearms program.

0.0 132.5

TRE07 Improve the Management of Federal Assets Targeted for


Improvements are needed in the methods by which the federal

government disposes of various assets.

cbe cbe

[As a footnote: *Issue corresponds to an identical issue in the

Department of Justice report; fiscal impact is for Treasury only.]

TRE08 Reduce the Duplication of Drug Intelligence Systems and

Improve Computer Security*

NPR recommends several changes to eliminate duplication in the

federal drug intelligence system.

na na

[As a footnote: *Issue corresponds to an identical issue in the

Department of Justice report; fiscal impact is for Treasury only.]

TRE09 Modernize the IRS

The IRS Tax System Modernization (TSM) initiative, currently in its

initial stages, would ease taxpayer burdens due to manual return

processing and inaccessible information, and enable IRS to provide

a level of service comparable to private sector financial


cbe cbe

TRE10 Modernize the U.S. Customs Service

NPR recommends a number of changes in Customs' organization and

management processes to provide an improved management structure

and strategic vision.

0.0 450.0

TRE11 Ensure the Efficient Merger of Resolution Trust

Corporation into the FDIC

The merger of the RTC and the FDIC should ensure the transfer of

RTC expertise not currently held by the FDIC in order to provide

the most efficient administration of these asset-disposition


na na

TRE12 Reduce the Duplication of Law Enforcement Training


Overlap and duplication in the provision of federal law enforcement

training facilities should be examined. Multi-agency training needs

should be accommodated through existing facilities in lieu of the

construction of new facilities by individual agencies.

cbe cbe

[As a footnote: *Issue corresponds to an identical issue in the

Department of Justice report; fiscal impact is for Treasury only.]

TRE13 Streamline Background Investigations for Federal


The current method of completing background examinations of federal

employees is time-consuming and inefficient. This recommendation

outlines improvements to streamline the process without sacrificing


cbe cbe

[As a footnote: *Issue corresponds to an identical issue in the

Department of Justice report; fiscal impact is for Treasury only.]

TRE14 Adjust Civil Monetary Penalties to the Inflation Index*

Civil monetary penalties have not been adjusted to keep up with

inflation. Under this recommendation, a "catch-up" adjustment would

be made and the need for additional inflation adjustments would be

automatically reassessed by the government every four years.

0.0 126.0

[As a footnote: *Issue corresponds to an identical issue in the

Department of Justice report; fiscal impact is for Treasury only.]

TRE15 Increase IRS Collections Through Better Compliance


NPR supports the current efforts of the IRS under Compliance 2000

to improve voluntary compliance and other efforts to collect taxes

already owed to the federal government.

cbe cbe

TRE16 Improve Agency Compliance with Employment Tax Reporting


Many federal agencies do not fully comply with federal tax

reporting requirements. Responsibilities for compliance should be

more fully communicated and enforced.

cbe cbe

TRE17 Authorize Federal Tax Payment by Credit Card

Legislation should be enacted to allow certain taxpayers to make

tax payments with a credit card.

cbe cbe

TRE18 Modernize the Financial Management Systems

NPR recommends several changes to improve financial management with

Treasury, including consolidation of some operations, the improved

use of technology, and other actions.

-41.1 0.0

TRE19 Repeal Section 5010 of the Internal Revenue Code to

Eliminate Tax Credits for Wine and Flavors

The wine and flavors tax credit should be repealed.

0.0 500.0

TRE20 Amend or Repeal Section 5121 of the Internal Revenue Code

Requiring Special Occupational Taxes on Retail Alcohol Dealers

This recommendation would increase federal income from alcohol


0.0 45.0


DVA01 Develop the Master Veteran Record and Modernize the

Department's Information Infrastructure

Creation of a master veteran record for all VA programs and the

improvements in the department's information technology will

improve services to veterans and their families.

na na

DVA02 Modernize Benefits Claims Processing

Modernization of the VA benefits claims processing system will

improve the quality of service and save taxpayer dollars over time.

na na

DVA03 Eliminate Legislative Budget Constraints to Promote

Management Effectiveness

VA is covered by a number of special legislative requirements,

including employment "floors" for certain programs. Reducing or

eliminating some of these controls can reduce costs and improve

service without sacrificing accountability.

cbe cbe

DVA04 Streamline Benefits Claims Processing

VA should examine the usefulness of a New York Regional Office

approach to benefits claims processing that promises to streamline

the process. It should also examine regional staffing.

1.8 0.0

DVA05 Consolidate Department of Defense and Department of

Veterans Affairs Compensation and Retired Pay Programs

DOD and VA should create a task force to jointly examine their

disability compensation adjudication and disbursement processes.

cbe cbe

DVA06 Enhance VA Cost Recovery Capabilities

Revise VA policy to use a portion of cost recovery funds to defray

debt collection costs and expand recoveries to save money.

0.0 486.5

DVA07 Establish a Working Capital Fund

This recommendation would allow creation of a working capital fund

using existing resources in the department to be used for certain

selected needs.

na na

DVA08 Decentralize Decisionmaking Authority to Promote

Management Effectiveness

NPR recommends that VA headquarters and field management work

together to improve agency decisionmaking, including the delegation

of some decisionmaking to field activity directors.

na na

DVA09 Establish a Comprehensive Resource Allocation Program

VA should design and develop a comprehensive, departmentwide,

performance and needs-based resource allocation program to replace

current approaches.

na na

DVA10 Serve Veterans and Their Families as Customers

This recommendation outlines several approaches for VA to improve

its focus on veterans and their families as customers.

na na

DVA11 Phase-Out and Close Supply Depots

VA should convert its existing centralized depot storage and

distribution program to a commercial just-in-time delivery system

and close unneeded supply depots.

-168.0 0.0

DVA12 Improve Business Practices through Electronic Commerce

VA should expand its use of electronic media to reduce paperwork

and save money. It should seek to make greater use of electronic

funds transfer of compensation and pension benefits.

-124.1 0.0

DVA13 Eliminate "Sunset" Dates in the Omnibus Budget

Reconciliation Act of 1990

To achieve cost savings, extend certain cost savings measures that

are due to expire in 1998.

-704.8 490.0

DVA14 Raise the Fees for Veterans Affairs' Guaranteed Home


As a cost savings measure, loan fees on veterans loans should be

raised above the levels set in the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation

Act of 1994.

-811.4 0.0

DVA15 Restructure the Veterans Affairs' Health Care System

VA should reexamine its role and delivery structure after the

issuance of the report of the President's National Health Care

Reform Task Force and take actions to restructure the VA health

care system.

0.0 0.0

DVA16 Recover Administrative Costs of Veterans' Insurance

Program from Premiums and Dividends

VA should be permitted to recover certain insurance program costs

from insurance trust fund surpluses.

0.0 0.0

Grand Total $28,110.3 $8,255.7